Tolkien Gateway

Eärnil I

This article is about the second Ship-king of Gondor. For the penultimate King of Gondor, see Eärnil II.
Eärnil I
Gondorian
Matěj Čadil - Earnil I of Gondor.jpg
"Earnil I of Gondor" by Matěj Čadil
Biographical Information
PronunciationQ, [eˈarnil]
TitlesKing of Gondor
LocationGondor
LanguageWestron
BirthT.A. 736
RuleT.A. 913 - 936 (23 years)
DeathT.A. 936 (aged 200)
In the sea off Umbar
Family
HouseHouse of Anárion
ParentageTarciryan
ChildrenCiryandil
Physical Description
GenderMale

Eärnil I (T.A. 736[1]936,[2] aged 200 years) was the thirteenth King of Gondor and the second Ship-king.[3]

Contents

[edit] History

Eärnil was the son of Tarciryan, the brother of King Tarannon Falastur. He succeeded his uncle Tarannon Falastur, who died childless in T.A. 913.[4] He continued with the expansionist maritime policy of his predecessor by repairing the haven of Pelargir and building a great fleet. Eärnil besieged Umbar by land and by sea and conquered Umbar[5] in T.A. 933.[6] Umbar became a great haven and fortress of Gondor. Eärnil died together with many men in a great storm off Umbar, in which many ships sank.[5] He was succeeded by his son[7] Ciryandil.[8]

[edit] Etymology

Eärnil is a Quenya name. It is a shortened form of Eärendil.[9]

[edit] Genealogy

 
 
 
 
 
 
Siriondil
570 - 830
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Berúthiel
unknown
 
Tarannon Falastur
654 - 913
 
Tarciryan
unknown
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
EÄRNIL I
736 - 936
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Ciryandil
820 - 1015
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Hyarmendacil I
899 - 1149


[edit] Other versions of the legendarium

In a late manuscript of what would later become Appendix A it is also mentioned that he fortified Umbar after he took it.[1]

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Peoples of Middle-earth, "VII. The Heirs of Elendil", manuscript C with corrections and expansions, The Southern Line of Gondor: the Anarioni, 13. Earnil I
  2. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix A, "The Númenorean Kings", "The Realms in Exile", "The Southern Line: Heirs of Anarion", Kings of Gondor, Eärnil I
  3. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix A, "The Númenorean Kings", "The Realms in Exile", "The Southern Line: Heirs of Anarion", Kings of Gondor
  4. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix A, "The Númenorean Kings", "The Realms in Exile", "The Southern Line: Heirs of Anarion", Kings of Gondor, Tarannon Falastur
  5. 5.0 5.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix A, "The Númenorean Kings", "Gondor and the Heirs of Anárion", entry for Eärnil
  6. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix B, "The Third Age", entry for the year 933
  7. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix A, "The Númenorean Kings", "Gondor and the Heirs of Anárion", entry for Ciryandil
  8. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix A, "The Númenorean Kings", "The Realms in Exile", "The Southern Line: Heirs of Anarion", Kings of Gondor, Ciryandil
  9. J.R.R. Tolkien, "Words, Phrases and Passages in Various Tongues in The Lord of the Rings", in Parma Eldalamberon XVII (edited by Christopher Gilson), p. 152
Eärnil I
House of Anárion
Cadet branch of House of Elros
Born: T.A. 736 Died: T.A. 936
Preceded by:
Tarannon Falastur
13th King of Gondor
T.A. 913 - 936
Followed by:
Ciryandil