Tolkien Gateway

Harnen

Harnen was a river south of Gondor.

[edit] Course

A good 600 Númenórean miles long, it began in the Ephel Dúath of Mordor and then flowed south-west for about 350 miles, when it bent west and sped to Belegaer, which it entered in a wide delta by the Bay of Belfalas. South of the Harnen lay the land of Near Harad.[1]

[edit] History

In the year T.A. 1050 Ciryaher crossed the Harnen with his army and defeated the Men of the Harad. After that date the river formed the southern border of the contested land of Harondor, South Gondor, and as such formed the southern border of Dúnedain influence. Much of this influence was lost after the wars of the Kin-strife; the descendants of Castamir the Usurper established themselves in Umbar and Harondor became a debatable land.[2]

The Great South Road into Harad crossed the Harnen shortly after it bent westwards.[1] This road was used by Sauron's followers later in the Third Age.

[edit] Etymology

Harnen seems to mean "South Water" in Sindarin.[3]

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "The West of Middle-earth at the End of the Third Age" [map]
  2. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix A, "The Númenorean Kings", "Gondor and the Heirs of Anárion"
  3. Robert Foster, The Complete Guide to Middle-earth, p. 189, entry "Harnen"