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Iris was a colourful and distinctive flower. Frodo and Sam found it growing in Ithilien,[1] and the Gladden River and the Gladden Fields took their name from a variety of this flower.[2]

[edit] Notes

The "iris-swords" mentioned in The Lord of the Rings are a reference to its thin, pointed leaves. In Letter 297, Tolkien identifies the flower as the Iris pseudocorus.[3]


  1. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, The Two Towers, "Of Herbs and Stewed Rabbit"
  2. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "The Disaster of the Gladden Fields", note 13
  3. J.R.R. Tolkien; Humphrey Carpenter, Christopher Tolkien (eds.), The Letters of J.R.R. Tolkien, Letter 297, (dated August 1967)