Tolkien Gateway

LEP

LEP is a Common Eldarin root signifying "finger",[1] or "pick (up, out) with the fingers".[2]

[edit] Derivatives

[edit] Other versions

In the manuscript "Words, Phrases and Passages in The Lord of the Rings" (late 1950, early 1960s) appears the root LEPEN (or LENEP), yielding the derivatives Quenya lempe and Sindarin leben.[3]

In the Etymologies (ca. 1937) appears the root LEP-, LEPET signifying "finger", yielding the derivatives Quenya lepse, Noldorin lhebed. The extended forms LEPEN, LEPEK, signifying "five", yield Quenya lempe, Quenya lemnar ("week"), and Noldorin lheben, Noldorin lhevnar ("week").[4][5][6]

In the Gnomish Lexicon (ca. 1917) appears the root lef-, yielding the derivatives Qenya lempe and Gnomish elf.[7][6]

In the Qenya Lexicon (ca. 1915) appears the root LEPE, with the derivative Qenya let ("finger").[8]

[edit] References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 J.R.R. Tolkien, "The Rivers and Beacon-hills of Gondor: Appendix: The Eldarin numerals" (edited by Carl F. Hostetter), in Vinyar Tengwar, Number 42, July 2001, pp. 24-26
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 J.R.R. Tolkien, "Eldarin Hands, Fingers & Numerals and Related Writings — Part One" (edited by Patrick H. Wynne), in Vinyar Tengwar, Number 47, February 2005, p. 24
  3. J.R.R. Tolkien, "Words, Phrases and Passages in Various Tongues in The Lord of the Rings", in Parma Eldalamberon XVII (edited by Christopher Gilson), pp. 95-6, 160 (roots appearing as "√LEPEN or LENEP")
  4. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Lost Road and Other Writings, "Part Three: The Etymologies", p. 368
  5. J.R.R. Tolkien, "Addenda and Corrigenda to the Etymologies — Part One" (edited by Carl F. Hostetter and Patrick H. Wynne), in Vinyar Tengwar, Number 45, November 2003, p. 27
  6. 6.0 6.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, "Eldarin Hands, Fingers & Numerals and Related Writings — Part Two" (edited by Patrick H. Wynne), in Vinyar Tengwar, Number 48, December 2005, p. 20 (note 17)
  7. J.R.R. Tolkien, "I-Lam na-Ngoldathon: The Grammar and Lexicon of the Gnomish Tongue", in Parma Eldalamberon XI (edited by Christopher Gilson, Arden R. Smith, and Patrick H. Wynne), p. 53 (root appearing as ("√lef-")
  8. J.R.R. Tolkien, "Qenyaqetsa: The Qenya Phonology and Lexicon", in Parma Eldalamberon XII (edited by Carl F. Hostetter, Christopher Gilson, Arden R. Smith, and Patrick H. Wynne)