The Peoples of Middle-earth
|The Peoples of Middle-earth|
|Publisher||Unwin Hyman (UK)|
Houghton Mifflin (US)
|Released||2 September 1996 (UK)|
6 December 1996 (US)
|Series||The History of Middle-earth|
|Preceded by||The War of the Jewels|
|Followed by||The History of Middle-earth Index|
The Peoples of Middle-earth is the twelfth volume of the The History of Middle-earth.
 From the publisher
When J.R.R. Tolkien laid aside The Silmarillion in 1937 the extension of the original 'mythology' into later Ages of the world had scarcely begun. It was in the Appendices to The Lord of the Rings that there emerged a comprehensive historical structure and chronology of the Second and Third Ages, embracing all the diverse strands that came together in the War of the Ring. The difficulty that he found in providing these Appendices, leading to delay in the publication of The Return of the King, is well known; but in The Peoples of Middle-earth Christopher Tolkien shows that early forms of these works already existed years before, in essays and records differing greatly from the published forms. He traces the evolution of the Calendars, the Hobbit genealogies, the Westron language or Common Speech (from which many words and names are recorded that were afterwards lost), and the chronological structure of the later Ages. Other writings by J.R.R. Tolkien are included in this final volume of The History of Middle-earth, chiefly deriving from his last years, when new insights and new constructions still freely arose as he pondered the history that he had created. The book concludes with two soon-abandoned stories, both unique in the setting of time and place: The New Shadow in Gondor of the Fourth Age, and the tale of Tal-Elmar, in which the coming of the dreaded Númenórean ships is seen through the eyes of men of Middle-earth in the Dark Years.
- Part One: The Prologue and Appendices to The Lord of the Rings
- I. "The Prologue"
- II. "The Appendix on Languages"
- III. "The Family Trees"
- IV. "The Calendars"
- V. "The History of the Akallabeth"
- VI. "The Tale of Years of the Second Age"
- VII. "The Heirs of Elendil"
- VIII. "The Tale of Years of the Third Age"
- IX. "The Making of Appendix A"
- Part Two: Late writings
- X. "Of Dwarves and Men"
- XI. "The Shibboleth of Fëanor"
- XII. "The Problem of Ros"
- XIII. "Last Writings"
- Part Three: Teachings of Pengoloð
- Part Four: Unfinished tales
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