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tië

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tië (or tie; pl. tier or tiër) is a Quenya word meaning "path; road, way; course, line, direction".[1][2][3][4]

[edit] Etymology

The word derives from Primitive Quendian teȝē, from root TEȜ. Note that this stem was changed by Tolkien to TEÑ.[4]

[edit] Examples

[edit] Inspiration

The word appears to be a direct loan from Finnish tie "road, way".[6]

[edit] Other versions

In the Qenya Lexicon appears the Qenya word tie ("line, direction, route, road").[7]

[edit] References

  1. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, The Fellowship of the Ring, "Farewell to Lórien" (form: tier)
  2. 2.0 2.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, Donald Swann, The Road Goes Ever On, "Namárië" (HarperCollins 2002; pp. 23, 67; forms: tier/tiër)
  3. J.R.R. Tolkien, "Words, Phrases and Passages in Various Tongues in The Lord of the Rings", in Parma Eldalamberon XVII (edited by Christopher Gilson), p. 73 (forms: tie/tier; tië/tiër)
  4. 4.0 4.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Lost Road and Other Writings, "Part Three: The Etymologies", p. 391 (form: tie)
  5. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales
  6. Harri Perälä, "Are High Elves Finno-Ugric?" (see especially the chapter "Vocabulary"), dated 7 May 2005, at Studies on the Works of J.R.R. Tolkien (accessed 13 June 2011)
  7. J.R.R. Tolkien, "Qenyaqetsa: The Qenya Phonology and Lexicon", in Parma Eldalamberon XII (edited by Carl F. Hostetter, Christopher Gilson, Arden R. Smith, and Patrick H. Wynne)