Tolkien Gateway

Two Lamps

Ted Nasmith - Illuin, Lamp of the Valar.
(Note that title is mistaken, as Ormal, not Illuin, was golden in color)

Illuin ("sky-blue" in Quenya) and Ormal ("high-gold") were great lamps which once stood respectively at the northern and southern ends of Arda.

After the Valar entered the world, there was a misty light veiling the barren ground. The Valar took this light and concentrated it into two large lamps, Iluin and Ormal.

Aulë forged great towers on which to place the Lamps, one in the furthest north, Helcar, and another in the deepest south, Ringil. In the middle of Arda, where the light of the Lamps mingled, was the Great Lake and the island Almaren, where the Valar first dwelt.

The lamps were destroyed by an assault by Melkor, and, after repairing some of the damage done by the resulting tumult, the Valar left Middle-earth for Valinor. The symmetry of Arda was destroyed as the weight of the lamps broke continents and their fire burned the land, such that the original design of the Valar was undone forever. [1] At the site where Illuin fell, the inland Sea of Helcar was formed, of which Cuiviénen was a bay. According to the earlier writings of Tolkien, there was also the Sea of Ringil to the south, perhaps associated with the roots of Ormal.

In Valinor, the Valar created the Two Trees, which were also a pair of gold and silver light, as the Two Lamps before them.

[edit] Other Versions of the Legendarium

Christopher Tolkien noted that the story of the Lamps in its early stage was very different from the published Silmarillion.

According to older writings not used in the published The Silmarillion, the Valar wanted peace with Melkor, and decided to ask his assistance: they wished to fix the lamps upon Arda's ground. Melkor, black with hate and envy of the rest of the Valar, agreed to help. He gave Aulë a substance which was both sturdy and strong: ice, which was unknown to the Valar. Melkor bided his time and allowed the Valar to do as they wished until the fateful day when the Lamps' light and heat melted the ice and crashed upon Arda, flooding it with water and darkness.

The one remaining influence from the older version of the story was that the fall of the towers created inland seas, a vestige of the notion that the towers had been made of ice that melted.[2]

[edit] See also

[edit] References

  1. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Quenta Silmarillion: The History of the Silmarils"
  2. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Book of Lost Tales Part One, "The Coming of the Valar and the Building of Valinor": "Notes and Commentary", p. 87
Middle-earth Cosmology
 Constellations  Anarríma · Durin's Crown · Menelmacar · Remmirath · Soronúmë · Telumendil · Valacirca · Wilwarin
Stars  Alcarinquë · Borgil · Carnil · Elemmírë · Helluin · Luinil · Lumbar · Morwinyon · Nénar · Star of Eärendil · Til 
The Airs  Aiwenórë · Fanyamar · Ilmen · Menel · Vaiya · Veil of Arda · Vista
Narsilion  Arien · Moon (Isil, Ithil, Rána) · Sun (Anar, Anor, Vása) · Tilion
See Also  Abyss · Arda · Circles of the World · · Timeless Halls · Two Lamps · Two Trees · Void