Westernesse was a name in the Common Speech for the Isle of Númenor.
The ending -ess (also in Elvenesse) was used in romance literature for fictional lands that had partly francized names (as in Lyonesse in Arthurian legends).
Tolkien noted that the name is Middle English, rare and of vague meaning, taken to mean "Western lands" (in contrast to the East).
In the 13th century chivalric romance King Horn, Westernesse is a kingdom ruled by "King Ailmar" and it is reached by ship by Horn.
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, "Nomenclature of The Lord of the Rings" in Wayne G. Hammond and Christina Scull (eds), The Lord of the Rings: A Reader's Companion, pp. 778-9
- ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien; Humphrey Carpenter, Christopher Tolkien (eds.), The Letters of J.R.R. Tolkien, Letter 276, (dated 12 September 1965)