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Carcharoth

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'''Carcharoth''' was bred from the foul breed of [[Draugluin]], the first [[Werewolf]], and fed with [[Elves|elvish]] and [[Men|mannish]] flesh by [[Morgoth]] himself. He was the greatest, most powerful wolf to ever live. Carcharoth was set as a guard on the [[Gates of Angband]], and later he mortally wounded both [[Huan]], the Hound of Valinor, and [[Beren]].<ref name=S19>{{S|19}}</ref>
 
'''Carcharoth''' was bred from the foul breed of [[Draugluin]], the first [[Werewolf]], and fed with [[Elves|elvish]] and [[Men|mannish]] flesh by [[Morgoth]] himself. He was the greatest, most powerful wolf to ever live. Carcharoth was set as a guard on the [[Gates of Angband]], and later he mortally wounded both [[Huan]], the Hound of Valinor, and [[Beren]].<ref name=S19>{{S|19}}</ref>
  
==History==
+
== History ==
 
After hearing of the Fall of [[Tol-in-Gaurhoth]], where Huan had defeated [[Draugluin]] and [[Sauron]], Morgoth decided to create a werewolf to kill Huan, who could only be killed by the greatest wolf to have ever lived. Carcharoth became involved with the [[Quest for the Silmaril]] when Beren and [[Lúthien]] had to pass him on their way into [[Angband]]. He stopped them, suspicious of Draugluin, (Beren in disguise) as he had heard of Draugluin's death. Lúthien enchanted him with her magic, but on their way out Carcharoth attacked before Lúthien could enchant him again. Beren held out the captured [[Silmaril]] in an attempt to stay the beast, but Carcharoth bit off Beren's hand at the wrist with Silmaril and all.
 
After hearing of the Fall of [[Tol-in-Gaurhoth]], where Huan had defeated [[Draugluin]] and [[Sauron]], Morgoth decided to create a werewolf to kill Huan, who could only be killed by the greatest wolf to have ever lived. Carcharoth became involved with the [[Quest for the Silmaril]] when Beren and [[Lúthien]] had to pass him on their way into [[Angband]]. He stopped them, suspicious of Draugluin, (Beren in disguise) as he had heard of Draugluin's death. Lúthien enchanted him with her magic, but on their way out Carcharoth attacked before Lúthien could enchant him again. Beren held out the captured [[Silmaril]] in an attempt to stay the beast, but Carcharoth bit off Beren's hand at the wrist with Silmaril and all.
 
[[File:Ted Nasmith - Huan's Leap 2.jpg|thumb|left|''Huan's Leap'' by [[Ted Nasmith]]]]
 
[[File:Ted Nasmith - Huan's Leap 2.jpg|thumb|left|''Huan's Leap'' by [[Ted Nasmith]]]]
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Both Beren and Huan were mortally wounded. When Mablung cut open the belly of the beast, he found there the Silmaril with Beren's hand still around it, but when he touched the flesh it was no more.<ref name=S19/>
 
Both Beren and Huan were mortally wounded. When Mablung cut open the belly of the beast, he found there the Silmaril with Beren's hand still around it, but when he touched the flesh it was no more.<ref name=S19/>
  
==Etymology==
+
== Etymology ==
 
{{Pronounce|Carcharoth.mp3|Ardamir}}
 
{{Pronounce|Carcharoth.mp3|Ardamir}}
 
The name is translated as Red Maw;<ref name=S19/> the recogniseable [[Sindarin]] elements are ''[[caran|car(a)n]]'' ("red") as well as ''[[carach]]'' ("jaw")<ref>{{S|Appendix}}, ''carak-'' and ''caran''</ref> or [[carch]] ("fang").<ref>{{LR|Etymologies}}, "KARAK"</ref> Based on the above, perhaps the name can be analyzed into the unattested words *''carn'' (an alternate version of ''caran'') and *''caroth'' ("maw"), the latter ending with the augmentative suffix ''-oth'' also seen in ''[[Nogoth]]'' "(Big) Dwarf" = ''[[naug]]'' + ''oth''<ref>{{PE|17}}, p. 45</ref> ("maw" = "big jaw").
 
The name is translated as Red Maw;<ref name=S19/> the recogniseable [[Sindarin]] elements are ''[[caran|car(a)n]]'' ("red") as well as ''[[carach]]'' ("jaw")<ref>{{S|Appendix}}, ''carak-'' and ''caran''</ref> or [[carch]] ("fang").<ref>{{LR|Etymologies}}, "KARAK"</ref> Based on the above, perhaps the name can be analyzed into the unattested words *''carn'' (an alternate version of ''caran'') and *''caroth'' ("maw"), the latter ending with the augmentative suffix ''-oth'' also seen in ''[[Nogoth]]'' "(Big) Dwarf" = ''[[naug]]'' + ''oth''<ref>{{PE|17}}, p. 45</ref> ("maw" = "big jaw").
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His later name ''Anfauglir'', is probably composed of Sindarin ''[[and]]'' ("long") + ''[[faug]]'' ("thirst") + ''lîr'' ("jaws").<ref>[http://www.tolkiendil.com/langues/english/i-lam_arth/compound_sindarin_names Compound Sindarin Names]</ref>
 
His later name ''Anfauglir'', is probably composed of Sindarin ''[[and]]'' ("long") + ''[[faug]]'' ("thirst") + ''lîr'' ("jaws").<ref>[http://www.tolkiendil.com/langues/english/i-lam_arth/compound_sindarin_names Compound Sindarin Names]</ref>
  
==Genealogy==
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== Genealogy ==
 
{{familytree/start}}
 
{{familytree/start}}
 
{{familytree| DRA | |DRA=[[Draugluin]]</br><small>''d. {{FA|465}}''</small>}}
 
{{familytree| DRA | |DRA=[[Draugluin]]</br><small>''d. {{FA|465}}''</small>}}
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{{familytree/end}}
 
{{familytree/end}}
  
==Other versions of the legendarium==
+
== Other versions of the legendarium ==
 
Originally Carcharoth's name was '''''Karkaras''''', the Knife-fang, who was the father of wolves. He was a great grey wolf.<ref>{{LT2|I}}, p. 21</ref>
 
Originally Carcharoth's name was '''''Karkaras''''', the Knife-fang, who was the father of wolves. He was a great grey wolf.<ref>{{LT2|I}}, p. 21</ref>
  
 
'''''Borosaith''''' meaning "Everhungry" is another name for Carcharoth, and it is said to be used in old songs.<ref>{{SM|Q10}}, p. 115, note 9</ref>
 
'''''Borosaith''''' meaning "Everhungry" is another name for Carcharoth, and it is said to be used in old songs.<ref>{{SM|Q10}}, p. 115, note 9</ref>
  
==Inspiration==
+
== Inspiration ==
 
For the creation of Carcharoth, [[Tolkien]] was clearly influenced by the wolf [[:Wikipedia:Fenrir|Fenrir]] in [[Norse mythology]], who bit off  [[:Wikipedia:Týr|Týr]]'s hand, and was also tormented by ceaseless pains.
 
For the creation of Carcharoth, [[Tolkien]] was clearly influenced by the wolf [[:Wikipedia:Fenrir|Fenrir]] in [[Norse mythology]], who bit off  [[:Wikipedia:Týr|Týr]]'s hand, and was also tormented by ceaseless pains.
  
 
{{references}}
 
{{references}}
 
{{wolves}}
 
{{wolves}}
 
 
[[Category:Characters in The Book of Lost Tales]]
 
[[Category:Characters in The Book of Lost Tales]]
 
[[Category:Characters in The Silmarillion]]
 
[[Category:Characters in The Silmarillion]]
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[[Category:Servants of Melkor]]
 
[[Category:Servants of Melkor]]
 
[[Category:Sindarin names]]
 
[[Category:Sindarin names]]
[[Category:Wolves]]
 
 
[[Category:Werewolves]]
 
[[Category:Werewolves]]
 
[[de:Carcharoth]]
 
[[de:Carcharoth]]
 
[[fr:encyclo:personnages:animaux:loups:carcharoth]]
 
[[fr:encyclo:personnages:animaux:loups:carcharoth]]
 
[[fi:Carcharoth]]
 
[[fi:Carcharoth]]

Latest revision as of 21:55, 14 October 2021

Carcharoth
Werewolf
Turner Mohan - Carcharoth.jpg
"Carcharoth" by Turner Mohan
Biographical Information
Other namesRed Maw, Anfauglir, Borosaith
LocationAngband
AffiliationMorgoth
BirthMid-First Age
DeathF.A. 466
Neldoreth
Notable forTaking the Silmaril from Beren by biting off his hand
Family
Parentagedescendant of Draugluin
Physical Description
RaceWerewolf
GenderMale
GalleryImages of Carcharoth

Carcharoth was bred from the foul breed of Draugluin, the first Werewolf, and fed with elvish and mannish flesh by Morgoth himself. He was the greatest, most powerful wolf to ever live. Carcharoth was set as a guard on the Gates of Angband, and later he mortally wounded both Huan, the Hound of Valinor, and Beren.[1]

Contents

[edit] History

After hearing of the Fall of Tol-in-Gaurhoth, where Huan had defeated Draugluin and Sauron, Morgoth decided to create a werewolf to kill Huan, who could only be killed by the greatest wolf to have ever lived. Carcharoth became involved with the Quest for the Silmaril when Beren and Lúthien had to pass him on their way into Angband. He stopped them, suspicious of Draugluin, (Beren in disguise) as he had heard of Draugluin's death. Lúthien enchanted him with her magic, but on their way out Carcharoth attacked before Lúthien could enchant him again. Beren held out the captured Silmaril in an attempt to stay the beast, but Carcharoth bit off Beren's hand at the wrist with Silmaril and all.

Huan's Leap by Ted Nasmith

The Silmaril burnt away Carcharoth's insides, and he became crazed with pain. A terror to Eldar, Men and Orcs alike, he passed south through Beleriand, consumed with an overpowering thirst. From this comes his name of Anfauglir, meaning 'Jaws of Thirst'. He arrived in Doriath where Beren, King Thingol, Beleg Cúthalion and Mablung joined with Huan the Hound in the Hunting of the Wolf.

At last, he was discovered within the borders of Doriath itself, where he fought his last fight with Huan: the wolf and the hound took one another's lives in that combat.

Both Beren and Huan were mortally wounded. When Mablung cut open the belly of the beast, he found there the Silmaril with Beren's hand still around it, but when he touched the flesh it was no more.[1]

[edit] Etymology

The name is translated as Red Maw;[1] the recogniseable Sindarin elements are car(a)n ("red") as well as carach ("jaw")[2] or carch ("fang").[3] Based on the above, perhaps the name can be analyzed into the unattested words *carn (an alternate version of caran) and *caroth ("maw"), the latter ending with the augmentative suffix -oth also seen in Nogoth "(Big) Dwarf" = naug + oth[4] ("maw" = "big jaw").

Note that the final letter of car(a)n + the initial letter of carach/oth- produce the sound ch (IPA: x) with the phenomenon called nasal mutation.[5][6]

His later name Anfauglir, is probably composed of Sindarin and ("long") + faug ("thirst") + lîr ("jaws").[7]

[edit] Genealogy

Draugluin
d. F.A. 465
 
 
 
 
 
 
CARCHAROTH
d. F.A. 466
 


[edit] Other versions of the legendarium

Originally Carcharoth's name was Karkaras, the Knife-fang, who was the father of wolves. He was a great grey wolf.[8]

Borosaith meaning "Everhungry" is another name for Carcharoth, and it is said to be used in old songs.[9]

[edit] Inspiration

For the creation of Carcharoth, Tolkien was clearly influenced by the wolf Fenrir in Norse mythology, who bit off Týr's hand, and was also tormented by ceaseless pains.

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Quenta Silmarillion: Of Beren and Lúthien"
  2. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Appendix: Elements in Quenya and Sindarin Names", carak- and caran
  3. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Lost Road and Other Writings, Part Three: "The Etymologies", "KARAK"
  4. J.R.R. Tolkien, "Words, Phrases and Passages in Various Tongues in The Lord of the Rings", in Parma Eldalamberon XVII (edited by Christopher Gilson), p. 45
  5. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Note on Pronunciation"
  6. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix E, "Pronunciation of Words and Names", "Consonants"
  7. Compound Sindarin Names
  8. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Book of Lost Tales Part Two, "I. The Tale of Tinúviel", p. 21
  9. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Shaping of Middle-earth, "III. The Quenta: [Section] 10", p. 115, note 9


Wolves
Individuals: Carcharoth · Draugluin · (Wolf-Sauron)
Races: Wargs · Werewolves · White Wolves