Difference between revisions of "Galadriel"

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(→‎War of the Ring: Corrected wrong date - Galadriel meets the Fellowship on 17 January, not March)
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'''2012-14: [[The Hobbit (film series)|''The Hobbit'' (film series)]]:'''
 
'''2012-14: [[The Hobbit (film series)|''The Hobbit'' (film series)]]:'''
 
:Cate Blanchett reprised her role as Galadriel, although the character is absent from the novel.<ref name="PJCasting">{{webcite|author=[[Peter Jackson]]|articleurl=http://www.facebook.com/note.php?note_id=10150168211921558|articlename=Production begins in New Zealand on The Hobbit|dated=20-March-2011|website=[http://www.facebook.com/ Facebook]|accessed=23-Dec-2011}}</ref> She appears as part of the [[White Council]] alongside [[Saruman]], [[Gandalf]] and [[Elrond]]. Later, she telepathically urges Gandalf to further seek the true identity of the [[Sauron#Sauron's Return|Necromancer]]. Finally, during the [[attack on Dol Guldur]], Galadriel plays a larger role. She first rescues Gandalf from captivity, and is ultimately the one to drive Sauron from the fortress using her [[Phial of Galadriel|phial]].
 
:Cate Blanchett reprised her role as Galadriel, although the character is absent from the novel.<ref name="PJCasting">{{webcite|author=[[Peter Jackson]]|articleurl=http://www.facebook.com/note.php?note_id=10150168211921558|articlename=Production begins in New Zealand on The Hobbit|dated=20-March-2011|website=[http://www.facebook.com/ Facebook]|accessed=23-Dec-2011}}</ref> She appears as part of the [[White Council]] alongside [[Saruman]], [[Gandalf]] and [[Elrond]]. Later, she telepathically urges Gandalf to further seek the true identity of the [[Sauron#Sauron's Return|Necromancer]]. Finally, during the [[attack on Dol Guldur]], Galadriel plays a larger role. She first rescues Gandalf from captivity, and is ultimately the one to drive Sauron from the fortress using her [[Phial of Galadriel|phial]].
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'''2022: '''The Lord of the Rings: The Rings of Power (Television Series) Morfydd Clark who portrays the character Galadriel. The ancient elf, so old she was born before the moon and the sun first graced Middle-earth, was a crucial character in Tolkien’s “The Lord of the Rings” novels and Peter Jackson’s “Rings” trilogy, as played by Cate Blanchett.
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In “The Rings of Power,” set thousands of years before the events of “The Lord of the Rings,” a younger Galadriel is not yet the serene and wise co-ruler of the Elven kingdom of Lothlórien. Instead, she’s consumed by her hunt for the Dark Lord Sauron, the mysteriously absent master of evil responsible for the death of Galadriel’s brother. In “Rings of Power,” Galadriel is at once hardened by the millennia she’s already been alive, but not yet the stately (and formidable) woman of stature she becomes in the Third Age.
  
 
===Television===
 
===Television===

Revision as of 10:56, 27 September 2022

The name Galadriel refers to more than one character, item or concept. For a list of other meanings, see Galadriel (disambiguation).
Galadriel
Noldo
Matt Stewart - Galadriel.jpg
"Galadriel" by Matt Stewart
Biographical Information
PronunciationS, [ɡaˈladri.el]
Other namesArtanis (Q, fn)
Nerwen (Q, mn)
Alatáriel (T, an)
TitlesLady of Lórien, Lady of Light, Lady of the Wood, Lady of the Galadhrim, Mistress of Magic[1]
LocationEldamar, Doriath, Nargothrond, Harlindon, Eregion, Imladris, Belfalas, Lothlórien
AffiliationWhite Council
LanguageQuenya, Sindarin, Westron, and Silvan Elvish
Probably Telerin and Vanyarin[note 1]
BirthY.T. 1362
Eldamar
RuleT.A. 1981 - T.A. 3021
Sailed west29 September, T.A. 3021 (aged 8374 years)
Grey Havens
Family
HouseHouse of Finarfin
ParentageFinarfin and Eärwen
SiblingsFinrod, Angrod and Aegnor
SpouseCeleborn
ChildrenCelebrían
Physical Description
GenderFemale
Height6 feet, 4 inches (193cm)[2][note 2]
Hair colorRadiant gold touched with silver
(cf. Hair of Galadriel)
ClothingWhite robes
GalleryImages of Galadriel
"Very tall [Galadriel and Celeborn] were, and the Lady no less tall than the Lord; and they were grave and beautiful. They were clad wholly in white; and the hair of the Lady was of deep gold… but no sign of age was upon them, unless it were in the depths of their eyes; for these were keen as lances in the starlight, and yet profound, the wells of deep memory."
The Fellowship of the Ring, "The Mirror of Galadriel"

Galadriel was an Noldorin Lady who witnessed Middle-earth during the Three Ages.

Galadriel was born in Aman as one of the Noldor. She was the daughter of Finarfin, and younger sister to Finrod Felagund (later King of Nargothrond), Angrod, and Aegnor. She took part in the Exile of the Noldor, supporting Fëanor's rebellion. However, she opposed the Kinslaying at Alqualondë and crossed the Helcaraxë with the rest of Fingolfin's followers. After arriving in Beleriand, she lived mainly in Doriath, where she befriended Melian. Later, with her husband Celeborn, she ruled over the woodland Elves of Lothlórien, and together they had a daughter, Celebrían, who married Elrond.

She is described as "the mightiest and fairest of all the Elves that remained in Middle-earth",[3] and the "greatest of Elven women".[4] Throughout the Third Age it was unknown who wielded the Three Rings,[5] but during the War of the Ring, Galadriel revealed to Frodo Baggins that she was the bearer of Nenya.[6]:365 After the War, she returned to the Uttermost West.

History

Elder Days

Life in Aman

See also: Other versions of the legendarium.

Galadriel was born in Eldamar in the Year of the Trees 1362.[7] She was the fourth child of Finarfin, prince of the Noldor, who named her Artanis.[8] Her mother was Eärwen, princess of the Teleri, who named her Nerwen ("Man-maiden"). Galadriel grew beautiful and tall, even for the women of the Noldor, being strong of body, will, and mind, "a match for both the loremasters and the athletes of the Eldar in the days of their youth."[9]

Galadriel by Marya Filatova

Indeed, "she was then of Amazon disposition and bound up her hair as a crown when taking part in athletic feats". This custom was the origin of her Sindarin name Galadriel ("Maiden crowned with gleaming hair"),[10] which was given to (and accepted by) her much later, in Beleriand.[11] The gleaming of her hair was not a mere poetic reference: her hair was held a marvel unmatched. It mingled and surpassed the gold hair of her father and the starlike silver of her mother, so the Eldar said that both lights of the Two Trees were captured in her tresses. It was also said that this first gave the idea to her uncle Fëanor of capturing the merged light of the Trees, which would result in the making of the Silmarils. He asked her three times for one of her tresses, but she always refused. Fëanor and Galadriel were always unfriends, both being the greatest Eldar in Valinor; and if Fëanor was greater than her, she was wiser, and her wisdom grew with the long years. For she also had an outstanding gift to see into the minds of others, and she hated and feared the darkness in Fëanor.[9]

There was still bliss in Valinor when she was born, but soon she was influenced by the unrest of the Noldor and lost her inner peace ever after. She was proud, like most of the House of Finwë, and like her closest brother Finrod, "she had dreams of far lands and dominions that might be her own to order as she would without tutelage". But deep in herself, she had the noble spirit of the Vanyar, which did not allow her to forget the reverence for the Valar.[9]

During the Darkening of Valinor and the rebellion of Fëanor, Galadriel was the only woman of the Noldor who stood among the rising princes. She swore no oath, but the words of Fëanor concerning Middle-earth kindled a desire in her heart, as she was eager to see those wide unguarded lands and rule a realm of her own.[12] Like the rest of the House of Finarfin, she was also supportive of the Exile by the desire to aid their Sindarin relatives in Middle-earth.[9]

Even though she was one of the leaders in this revolt,[13] during the troubles that followed she fought fiercely against Fëanor by defending her mother's kin during the Kinslaying at Alqualondë and the rape of the ships. Afterwards, she even desired to follow Fëanor to disturb him in all the ways that she could, but nothing could have moved her to return since she had begun her way to exile, as her pride was strong then as it was thereafter.[9] She kept moving forward even under the Doom of Mandos, when her father Finarfin abandoned the march and returned to Valinor, and even when Fëanor left behind the hosts of Fingolfin and the children of Finarfin. Then she, along with Finrod and Fingolfin and his sons, led her people into the bitter North and crossed the terrors of Helcaraxë. After many losses, they arrived on the northern shores of the Outer Lands.[12]

Arrival to Middle-earth

Love at First Sight by Līga Kļaviņa

Once in Beleriand, those of the House of Finarfin were eager to enter Doriath, but King Elu Thingol received the Noldor coldly, and only allowed entrance to those invited by him after some inquiries.[14] Finally in F.A. 52,[15] Finrod and Galadriel became long guests in Doriath, but her brother eventually departed to the Caverns of Narog to establish the stronghold of Nargothrond. Galadriel did not go with him, and remained in Doriath with Celeborn, a kinsman of Thingol, as there was great love between them.[16] Despite their love, they did not marry each other, following the custom among the Eldar of avoiding marriage and child-bearing during the war,[17] but they were eventually betrothed till the war ended.[18] Meanwhile, she dwelt with Queen Melian, from whom she learned much of the wisdom of Middle-earth.[14]

The Western Corn necessary to make lembas had been lost in Beleriand until the Noldor brought new grain back, and it flourished by the grace of the Valar. Galadriel was one of the main inheritors of it and of the art of the making of lembas.[19] It is safe to assume Melian benefited from this.

Years passed in Doriath, and Galadriel became dear to Melian, and they spoke often to one another about Valinor. Melian was eager to learn the causes of the Exile of the Noldor, but Galadriel would tell her nothing of what occurred after the death of the Trees. In the year 66,[20] Melian asked her directly about this, and Galadriel revealed the story of the Silmarils and how the Noldor fled from Aman against the will of the Valar, though she still left out the Oath of Fëanor, the Kinslaying, and the burning of the Ships at Losgar. Melian was able to discern a darkness that was left unsaid, but Galadriel refused to tell her more. Thus, Thingol became concerned regarding the Noldor, and he was informed soon afterwards of the Noldor's dark deeds in Aman, and it chanced that the children of Finarfin were visiting Galadriel in Doriath. Egged on by his accusing words, Angrod told everything, and Galadriel's brothers departed heavy-hearted.[16]

Galadriel and Melian by Ten Thousand Leaves

Despite all this, Galadriel stayed in Doriath until 102,[21] when the kingdom of Nargothrond was finished and a feast was held for all the children of Finarfin. She dwelt for a while in Nargothrond, and in this time she asked Finrod why he remained unmarried. Her brother answered with dark foresights about his kingdom.[16] Back in Doriath, in 420,[22] Galadriel heard another foretelling, as Melian told her about a Man who shall cross into Doriath moved by a doom greater than the Girdle of Melian.[23]

Galadriel did not have any significant role in the general course of events in the War of the Jewels, but she might have been well informed of the deaths of her brothers Angrod and Aegnor during the Dagor Bragollach; and of Finrod's, while he was held in captivity by Sauron in the year 465.[24] At some point before the Fall of Nargothrond in 495,[25] she and Celeborn passed over the mountains[6]:357 to Eriador, far from the turmoil of the last years of the First Age.

After the War of Wrath at the end of the First Age, Eönwë, herald of Manwë, summoned the Elves of Beleriand to the West, so they were received in Tol Eressëa and under the pardon of the Valar. However, some did not wish to leave Middle-earth, such as Celeborn.[26] Being one of the chief leaders of the Noldorin rebellion, Galadriel was not allowed to return[27] and a ban was set upon her, to which she replied that she had no wish to do so.[13] The same pride that led her out of Aman still moved her, and she rejected the pardon of the Valar,[9] for as she had once lived in Aman itself, Eressëa seemed only a "second best". She was also moved by love for Celeborn, to whom she probably married around this time.[17][note 3]

Second Age

Galadriel and Celeborn at Lake Evendim by Ted Nasmith

At the beginning of the Second Age, Celeborn and Galadriel dwelt for a time in Lindon, south of the Lune, while Gil-galad ruled in the north.[28] Both left Lindon before the years 10-20, when Gil-galad became king in that land, apparently thanks to her influence.[29] They entered Eriador and dwelt for a while around Lake Nenuial, being followed by many Noldor, Grey-elves and Green-elves. They were considered the Lord and Lady of the Eldar in Eriador.[30]:234 Probably around S.A. 300,[note 4] Galadriel and Celeborn had a daughter: Celebrían.[17]

Circa the year 500, Sauron began to stir in Middle-earth again,[28] but his name was not known. He was, however, perceived by Galadriel, who noticed there was a controlling evil, and that it was spreading above the world, coming from the East beyond the Misty Mountains. She also thought this 'residue of evil' could only be fought with an alliance of all its enemies. Therefore, she and Celeborn moved eastwards and established the realm of Eregion near Khazad-dûm. Celeborn was not fond of Dwarves, but she saw the importance of getting close to them, for she saw military interests even with them. Also, she was a Noldo, and therefore close to them in mind and in the passion for crafts; and in Valinor she had learned from Yavanna and Aulë, the creator of the Dwarves himself.[30]:235

Some Noldor were also interested in establishing a realm near Khazad-dûm because they knew mithril had been discovered there. Therefore, many Elven-smiths came to Eregion and created good relations with the Dwarves. Celebrimbor, a descendant of Fëanor (and therefore a distant cousin of Galadriel), was the greatest of the craft-men and the Lord of Eregion.[28] He was its main builder and in 750 Ost-in-Edhil, the main city of the realm, was begun. The power of Galadriel and Celeborn also grew: thanks to the Dwarves of Khazad-dûm, they had contact with the Nandorin realm of Lórinand, on the other side of the Misty Mountains. Thanks to Galadriel's influence upon Lórinand, Sauron's machinations there were fruitless.[30]:236 She also got in contact with Númenor, having a meeting with King Aldarion when he came to Tharbad around 883-884.[31]

About the year 1200, Sauron came in disguise to Eriador, but he was only welcomed in Eregion by Celebrimbor and the Elven-smiths, who were interested in his advice on craftsmanship.[30]:236 Galadriel was not deceived, and rejected him, saying that he was not in the training of Aulë as he claimed.[32] "He perceived at once that Galadriel would be his chief adversary and obstacle, and he endeavoured therefore to placate her, bearing her scorn with outward patience and courtesy". At the same time, without her knowledge, Sauron influenced Celebrimbor and his Gwaith-i-Mírdain against Galadriel and Celeborn. Finally, he moved them to rebellion and they seized the power of Eregion at some time between 1350 and 1400. Thus, Galadriel and Celebrían left through Khazad-dûm to Lórinand, although Celeborn would not enter the Dwarvish realm and remained in Eregion.[30]:237

Galadriel and Celebrían by Ebe Kastein

When Sauron made the One Ring in S.A. 1600, his treachery was discovered by Celebrimbor.[28] The elven-smith came to Lórinand, seeking counsel from Galadriel. They did not find the strength to destroy the Rings of Power, but she advised him to hide the Three Rings of the Elves where Sauron could not find them. Therefore he gave her Nenya, the White Ring, and the other Rings were given to other Elven lords.[30]:237 This was done in 1693, the same year Sauron began the war against the Elves.[28]

With the invasion of Eriador, Eregion was destroyed and Celebrimbor killed. Despite using torture, Sauron could not learn from him where the Elven Rings were, but suspected they were kept by Galadriel and Gil-galad.[30]:238 But thanks to the military intervention of Númenor, Sauron was defeated in 1700.[28] Soon afterwards, Galadriel was affected by sea-longing, and she decided to leave Lórinand and dwell beside the sea.[30]:240 As one of the High-elves, her yearning for the sea was unavoidable, and now she became burdened with the desire to cross to the Blessed Realm, but the ban upon her impeded it.[13] Thus she did not go to the sea yet, but crossed west of the mountains through Khazad-dûm with Celebrían. Seeking Celeborn, they travelled to Imladris, a refuge created by Elrond during the war. Once there, a Council was held, in which it was decided that Imladris would be the Elvish stronghold in the East, rather than the desolate Eregion.[30]:239-40

Galadriel, Celeborn and Celebrían dwelt a long time in Imladris, but at some point they left and moved near the sea, to Belfalas, at the place later known as Dol Amroth. There were few inhabitants there, but they were visited by Nandorin companies.[30]:238 Apparently, they returned to Lórien twice before the Last Alliance and the end of the Second Age,[33] but of their whereabouts during the final millenia of that Age nothing else is known.

Third Age

Rule in Lórien

In early Third Age, in the year 109, Galadriel and Celeborn's daughter Celebrían wedded Elrond the Half-elven.[5] But they did not stay at first with her, for Galadriel was filled with foreboding, and was concerned about the growing shadow in Mirkwood and Dol Guldur. Therefore she and Celeborn made long journeys investigating Rhovanion, going from Gondor and the borders of Mordor to Thranduil in the north. They also stayed a long time in Lórien with king Amroth, for Galadriel saw with her wisdom that this prosperous realm could be a stronghold against the growing Shadow, if it had better rule.[33] At this point, the Istari arrived in Middle-earth, and only Galadriel, Elrond and Círdan knew where they came from.[3] Around the year 1100, the Wise (including Galadriel as one the chief Eldar) were well aware of the evil dwelling in Dol Guldur, but thought it was one of the Nazgûl.[5]

After their enquiries, Galadriel and Celeborn passed over the mountains to Imladris, and there dwelt for many years with their kin.[33]

Between the years T.A. 1980-1981, a terror appeared in Khazad-dûm and the Dwarves abandoned the realm, while the many Silvan Elves from Lórien had to flee south.[5] To make things worse, Amroth was lost, leaving no heir, and the Elven realm was left without a ruler. Therefore Celeborn and Galadriel went there, welcomed by the people, and took up the rule jointly, but refused to take the royal title and were called the Lord and Lady of Galadhrim. Saving the realm from the perils of the moment, they dwelt and ruled permanently there.[33]

As the shadow of Dol Guldur grew again, the White Council was formed in 2463.[5] It was summoned by Galadriel,[34] who, being a good friend of Gandalf, recommended that he be made head of the Council. But this distinction fell instead to Saruman.[3]

In 2510, her daughter Celebrían departed to the West after being wounded by Orcs.[5] The same year, she aided Eorl and his riders in the Battle of the Field of Celebrant, creating a white mist that drove out the shadows from Dol Guldur.[35]

The White Council would not take action until Gandalf discovered that the shadow growing in Dol Guldur was Sauron. After deliberating, the Council joined forces and drove Sauron out of Dol Guldur in 2941.[5]

Some years later, Aragorn entered Lothlórien after many travels, and was admitted by Galadriel. She bade him change his worn-out clothes and dressed him like a proper prince. At that time, Aragorn became betrothed to her granddaughter Arwen.[36]

War of the Ring

The Trial by Ralph Damiani

Galadriel and Celeborn were well informed about the Company of the Ring, its members and their mission, before its coming to Lothlórien, perhaps informed by messages from Rivendell.[37] In the evening of 17 January of T.A. 3019, the Company arrived at Caras Galadhon.[38] Coming to the talan of the Lady and Lord, each member was greeted by name by Celeborn. Noticing that Gandalf was missing, Galadriel asked where he was, for she wished to speak with him. Hearing that they had encountered Durin's Bane and that this was in fact a Balrog from ancient times, Celeborn criticized the passing of the Company through Moria. However, Galadriel was more sympathetic, especially towards Gimli, who bowed to her in respect. Before inviting the members of the Company to rest and heal there, she looked deep into their eyes and they all felt their hearts exposed.[6]:354-7

A month later, in 15 February,[38] Frodo Baggins the bearer of the One Ring, was walking in the evening with Sam when they encountered Galadriel. She led them to an enclosed garden and showed them a silver basin. Filling it with water, a Mirror was formed, which allowed them to see things that were and that might come. Frodo saw the Eye of Sauron, and she explained that she knew well Frodo's mind, for Sauron also tried to look into hers. She also kept a Ring of Power, and showing him Nenya, the Ring of Adamant, she explained that its power would disappear once Frodo destroyed the One, and Lórien would fade. Then Frodo offered the One Ring to her, and she laughed in response, saying: "I do not deny that my heart has greatly desired to ask what you offer." Then she began to ponder how powerful she would become with the Ring's power, and from Nenya came a great light that covered her overwhelming height. But the light faded and she laughed again, saying: "I pass the test. I will diminish, and go into the West, and remain Galadriel."[6]:360-6 Indeed, with this rejection of temptation and her long opposition against Sauron, the ban upon her return to Aman was finally lifted.[13]

That night, the Lord and Lady summoned the Company and spoke of their departure, which was appointed for the following morning. The next day, she sent the Fellowship off on their Quest, furnished with gifts for all the members, including lembas and Elven cloaks. Later, a farewell party was held, which the Lord and Lady attended in a swan boat; from it, Galadriel sang a song about Eldamar. After everyone ate and drank, she proceed to give specific gifts to each member.[39]

Among the gifts was the Elfstone, which she gave to Aragorn from Arwen "as a token of hope".[39] The jewel was also in part a bridal gift and a token of the future wedding of Arwen and Aragorn, done following the Noldorin custom in which the bride's mother should give to the bridegroom a jewel (Arwen's mother Celebrían had departed long ago, so Galadriel did it in her place).[40] Galadriel stated she was unsure as to what to give Gimli, and asked what he wanted. After complimenting her beauty, he requested a single strand of her hair. Instead, she rewarded him with three strands, which he promised to put into an imperishable crystal in memory of her. And last, to Frodo, she gave a a small crystal phial specially prepared by her, which contained the light of the star of Eärendil.[39]

The Company saw her one last time while sailing down to the Anduin: a shining figure, all clad in white, raising her arms, and Frodo was able to hear her clearly reciting a long poem in Elvish despite the distance.[39]

On the following day, a resurrected Gandalf was brought to Lórien by Gwaihir,[38] who was sent by Galadriel. He was received in Caras Galadhon, and was healed and clothed in white. He also took and gave counsel. Before he left, Galadriel gave him some prophetic messages for Aragorn, Legolas and Gimli.[41]

The land of Lórien was not exempt from the battles of the War of the Ring: between 11 and 18 March, the Galadhrim suffered three assaults from Dol Guldur.[38] After the Fall of Barad-dûr, Celeborn crossed the Anduin with a host and began the destruction of Dol Guldur.[42] Soon afterward, Galadriel threw down the walls of the fortress and opened its pits.[38]

Later history

On the Road to the Grey Havens by Victoria Clare

Galadriel, Celeborn and their company attended the wedding of Aragorn and Arwen, and soon afterward they joined the crowded funeral riding of King Théoden to Rohan. After the funerals in the Golden Hall, they continued their travel northwards with other companions and halted in Isengard. There they encountered Saruman, who, released by Fangorn, snapped that she always had hated him, and now he would find comfort knowing that her realm was destroyed as well as his.[43]

Two years later, on 22 September 3021,[42] Frodo and Sam encountered a Wandering Company while travelling around the Shire, and found that Elrond, Galadriel and Bilbo were part of it. Nenya was visible on Galadriel's finger, and she seemed to shine like the moon. Frodo decided to depart with them and the hobbits joined the company, led by Elrond and Galadriel.[44] On 29 September, they reached the Grey Havens and departed over the Sea. Thus ended the Third Age.[42]

Sometime later during the Fourth Age, she received Celeborn, her husband.[45] And in Fo.A. 120,[46] it is said that Gimli went to the West out of his desire to see Galadriel again. He may have been allowed thanks to her intervention.[47]

Etymology

Galadriel is a Sindarin name translated by Tolkien as "maiden crowned with a garland of bright radiance",[8] "Maiden crowned with gleaming hair",[10] "glittering garland",[48] and "maiden crowned with a radiant garland".[49][50] Galadriel consists of galad ("light, radiance") + ("crown").[8] It was an epessë given to her in her youth because, while doing exercise, she usually bound up her long golden hair as a crown.[10]

Tolkien notes that the element galad had no relation to Sindarin galadh or Silvan galað ("tree").[49][51] Due to this coincidence the name Galadriel was occasionally rendered as Galadhriel, as Tolkien explains:

When Celeborn and Galadriel became the rulers of the [Galadhrim], the name of Galadriel became associated with trees, an association that was aided by the name of her husband, which also appeared to contain a tree-word; so that outside Lórien among those whose memories of the ancient days and Galadriel's history had grown dim her name was often altered to 'Galadhriel', though never in Lórien itself.[52]

Other names

At the time of her birth, Finarfin named his only daughter Artanis. Her father-name meant "Noble Woman" in Quenya, from arta + nís.[8]

Due to Artanis's height and her great strength of body and will, Eärwen chose the Quenya name Nerwen, meaning "man-maiden".[9]

Alatáriel was the Telerin name given to Galadriel by Celeborn, meaning "Maiden Crowned with Radiant Garland", which referred to her hair.[8] The Quenya form of this name was Altáriel, although the proper form would have been Ñaltariel. Its Sindarin cognate Galadriel was chosen by her to be her Sindarin name, because it was the most beautiful of her names and had been given to her as an epessë by her lover, Teleporno of the Teleri, whom she wedded later in Beleriand.[8][note 5]

Genealogy

Míriel
d. Y.T. 1170
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Finwë
d. Y.T. 1495
 
Indis
b. Y.T.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Olwë
b. Y.T.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Fëanor
Y.T. 1169 - 1497
 
Findis
b. Y.T.
 
Fingolfin
Y.T. 1190 - F.A. 456
 
Írimë
b. Y.T.
 
Finarfin
b. Y.T. 1230
 
Eärwen
b. Y.T.
 
unknown sons
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Finrod
Y.T. 1300 - F.A. 465
 
Angrod
d. F.A. 455
 
Eldalótë
b. Y.T.
 
Aegnor
d. F.A. 455
 
GALADRIEL
b. Y.T. 1362
 
Celeborn
b. F.A.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Orodreth
d. F.A. 495
 
 
 
 
 
Elrond
b. F.A. 532
 
Celebrían
b. S.A. 300
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gil-galad
d. S.A. 3441
 
Finduilas
d. F.A. 495
 
Elladan
b. T.A. 130
 
Elrohir
b. T.A. 130
 
Arwen
T.A. 241 - Fo.A. 121

Other versions of the legendarium

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There is a bit of confusion in the story of Galadriel, which J.R.R. Tolkien revised multiple times. Some of the points that were revised often are the role of Galadriel in the rebellion of the Noldor, the reason why she remained in Middle-earth, and the time at which she met Celeborn.

In the notes to The Road Goes Ever On and in the published Silmarillion, Galadriel was one of the leaders of the revolt and followed Fëanor into Exile.[13] She could not return to Valinor because a ban was set against her, and in Doriath she met Celeborn, who was one of the Sindar. This is the only version of her story that was published by Tolkien during his lifetime.

However, there are two late essays written by Tolkien after The Road Goes Ever On and published in Unfinished Tales that contradict this. In one of them, though Galadriel revolts along with the other Noldor, she is offered the pardon of the Valar, but refuses to return to Aman nonetheless.

In the other, later essay (dated by Christopher Tolkien to probably the last few months of his father's life), Galadriel has no participation at all in the rebellion of the Noldor, but sails on her own ship to Middle-earth. She would have been allowed to sail to Middle-earth by the Valar under normal conditions, but since she did it during the disturbance of Valinor, she fell under the Doom of Mandos all the same.

In both essays, she met Celeborn in Aman. He was called in Quenya Teleporno, and was a young Telerin prince, probably the son or grandson of Olwë (which would make him Galadriel's uncle or cousin). They eventually fell in love, and he called her in his own Telerin tongue Alatáriel (later Sindarinized as Galadriel and semi-Quenyarized as Altáriel). It is unknown whether Tolkien would have gone ahead with this revision (possibly making a new edition of The Road Goes Ever On), or if he would have felt bound by the published version.

Another point that was revised was the time at which Galadriel passed over the mountains of Ered Luin to enter Eriador. In The Fellowship of the Ring, she says that she passed over the mountains before the fall of Nargothrond and Gondolin, yet in Appendix B of The Lord of the Rings it is stated that at the beginning of the Second Age she was still dwelling in Lindon, before passing over the mountains. This contradiction in the same work must have been due to a mistake during revision.

Besides this, the earlier version of the story of Amroth, given in Unfinished Tales, says that Galadriel and Celeborn had two children, of which one was Amroth.[30]

Portrayal in adaptations

Galadriel in adaptations
Galadriel as portrayed in The Lord of the Rings (1978 film)  
Galadriel as portrayed in Vivendi's The Fellowship of the Ring  
Galadriel as portrayed in Middle-earth: Shadow of Mordor  

Films

1978: The Lord of the Rings (1978 film):

Galadriel is voiced by Annette Crosbie.

2001: The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring:

Galadriel is played by Cate Blanchett. Galadriel narrates the Prologue, explaining the creation of the Rings of Power and the War of the Last Alliance. Earlier plans considered were to have either Frodo or Gandalf narrate the Prologue, but this was dropped: Frodo was not alive until thousands of years after these events happened, and although Gandalf was alive, he was not present in Middle-earth at the time; the Wizards came some one thousand years after the Prologue ends. Thus Galadriel narrates the Prologue, because she had first-hand accounts of this history and actively participated in its events.

2002: The Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers:

Galadriel frequently consults telepathically with Elrond; there is an indication from the books[source?] that the two were able to communicate in some way, without specific reference. In the film, unlike the book, Galadriel and Elrond send an army of Elves - led by Haldir - to Helm's Deep to aid the Rohirrim. In the DVD commentary, Peter Jackson and his fellow writers explain that they worried audiences would wonder why the Elves don't seem to be helping in the war, while at the same time, they felt that actually inserting an entire separate battle scene at Lothlórien would take up too much screen time and resources.

2003: The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King:

A spiritual apparition of Lady Galadriel appears to provide Frodo strength following his passage through Shelob's Lair soon after he uses the Phial that she gave him. She is later seen leaving Middle-earth along with other Ring-Bearers, but in film version her husband Celeborn departs with her at the same time.

2012-14: The Hobbit (film series):

Cate Blanchett reprised her role as Galadriel, although the character is absent from the novel.[53] She appears as part of the White Council alongside Saruman, Gandalf and Elrond. Later, she telepathically urges Gandalf to further seek the true identity of the Necromancer. Finally, during the attack on Dol Guldur, Galadriel plays a larger role. She first rescues Gandalf from captivity, and is ultimately the one to drive Sauron from the fortress using her phial.

2022: The Lord of the Rings: The Rings of Power (Television Series) Morfydd Clark who portrays the character Galadriel. The ancient elf, so old she was born before the moon and the sun first graced Middle-earth, was a crucial character in Tolkien’s “The Lord of the Rings” novels and Peter Jackson’s “Rings” trilogy, as played by Cate Blanchett.

In “The Rings of Power,” set thousands of years before the events of “The Lord of the Rings,” a younger Galadriel is not yet the serene and wise co-ruler of the Elven kingdom of Lothlórien. Instead, she’s consumed by her hunt for the Dark Lord Sauron, the mysteriously absent master of evil responsible for the death of Galadriel’s brother. In “Rings of Power,” Galadriel is at once hardened by the millennia she’s already been alive, but not yet the stately (and formidable) woman of stature she becomes in the Third Age.

Television

1993: Hobitit:

Galadriel is portrayed by Heidi Krohn. She appears only in the episode Lórien, and she is featured as a reflection on the surface of the lake.

2022 -: The Lord of the Rings: The Rings of Power:

Galadriel is portrayed by Morfydd Clark as one of the central characters of the series.[54][55] Lady Amelie Child Villiers also portrays a child version of Galadriel.[56]

Radio series

1981: The Lord of the Rings (1981 radio series):

The voice of Galadriel is provided by Marian Diamond. In addition to the Lothlórien episodes, the voice of Galadriel is heard in Shelob's Lair as a reminder to use the phial, and she appears with Elrond in the final episode in the Shire, as they journey towards the Grey Havens.

2001-2003: Pán prsteňov (2001-2003 Slovak radio series):

The voice of Galadriel is provided by Soňa Norisová. Norisová also provides most of the singing in the series (including the opening and closing titles theme and series closing song), alluding to Galadriel being a secondary storyteller (with Bilbo Baggins serving as the series' primary storyteller).

Games

2002: The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring (video game):

Galadriel, voiced by Jennifer Hale, is the narrator of the Prologue and the Epilogue, and appears in Lothlórien.

2006: The Lord of the Rings: The Battle for Middle-earth II:

Galadriel is the strongest of "Hero" units available to the Free Peoples. If a player's army manages to spot Gollum on the battlefield, take The One Ring from him and deliver it to their forces, the option to "summon" Galadriel unlocks for a large amount of resources. Thus, Lady Galadriel is represented as succumbing to corruption of The Ring, similar to the respective scene in the The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring movie.

2007: The Lord of the Rings Online:

Introduced in The Lord of the Rings Online: Mines of Moria, Galadriel plays a prominent role during the Epic storyline with guidance and support. During the final days of the War of the Ring, Galadriel assembles the Council of Elven Lords, where it is decided to bring their armies against Dol Guldur. After she brings down the walls of Dol Guldur, Galadriel accompanies Arwen on her journey south to her wedding, and they visit the site of Celebrian's captivity in the Misty Mountains together. Afterwards, she and Celeborn join the procession of Elrond's house and travel to Minas Tirith to attend the wedding of Arwen and Aragorn.

2014: Middle-earth: Shadow of Mordor:

Galadriel is featured in the game, although she is a non-playable character. She is voiced by Jennifer Hale and she narrates the prologue in a showing of the game.

2017: Middle-earth: Shadow of War:

Galadriel is featured in the game, although she is a non-playable character, with Jennifer Hale reprising her role from the game.

Notes

  1. It is never explicitly told she knew these two languages, but it is sure to assume that given her Vanyarin and Telerin ancestry.
  2. Quote by J.R.R. Tolkien from the Unfinished Tales, the same section referenced: "Thus two rangar was often called 'man-high', which at thirty-eight inches gives an average height of six feet four inches; (1.93 meters) but this was at a later date, when the stature of the Dúnedain appears to have decreased..." (emphasis mine)
  3. The marriage of Galadriel and Celeborn, as well as when they crossed over the mountains, was not clearly defined by Tolkien.
  4. The birth-year of Celebrían was not well defined by Tolkien.
  5. Teleporno was the Teleri-styled named for Lord Celeborn: "It is only of course in the late version that Celeborn appears with a High-elven, rather than Sindarin, name: Teleporno", J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "The History of Galadriel and Celeborn", "Appendix E: The Names of Celeborn and Galadriel", p. 266

References

  1. Called thus by Faramir (J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, The Two Towers, "The Window on the West").
  2. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "The Disaster of the Gladden Fields", "Appendix: Númenórean Linear Measures"
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Of the Rings of Power and the Third Age"
  4. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix B, "The Second Age", p. 1082
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix B, "The Third Age", pp. 1085-8
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, The Fellowship of the Ring, "The Mirror of Galadriel"
  7. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Morgoth's Ring, "Part Two. The Annals of Aman: Commentary on the fourth section of the Annals of Aman", p. 106
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 8.4 8.5 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Peoples of Middle-earth, "XI. The Shibboleth of Fëanor", "The names of Finwë's descendants", pp. 346-7
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 9.3 9.4 9.5 9.6 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Peoples of Middle-earth, "XI. The Shibboleth of Fëanor", "The case of the Quenya change of Þ to s", pp. 337-338
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 J.R.R. Tolkien; Humphrey Carpenter, Christopher Tolkien (eds.), The Letters of J.R.R. Tolkien, Letter 348, (dated 6 March 1973), p. 428
  11. J.R.R. Tolkien, Carl F. Hostetter (ed.), The Nature of Middle-earth, "Part Three. The World, its Lands, and its Inhabitants: XVI. Galadriel and Celeborn", p. 352, note 8
  12. 12.0 12.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Quenta Silmarillion: Of the Flight of the Noldor"
  13. 13.0 13.1 13.2 13.3 13.4 J.R.R. Tolkien, "Notes and Translations", in The Road Goes Ever On (J.R.R. Tolkien, Donald Swann), p. 60
  14. 14.0 14.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Quenta Silmarillion: Of the Return of the Noldor"
  15. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The War of the Jewels, "The Grey Annals": §74
  16. 16.0 16.1 16.2 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Quenta Silmarillion: Of the Noldor in Beleriand"
  17. 17.0 17.1 17.2 J.R.R. Tolkien, Carl F. Hostetter (ed.), The Nature of Middle-earth, "Part One. Time and Ageing: IX. Time-scales and Rates of Growth", pp. 65-66
  18. J.R.R. Tolkien, Carl F. Hostetter (ed.), The Nature of Middle-earth, "Part One. Time and Ageing: XVIII. Elvish Ages & Númenórean", p. 149
  19. J.R.R. Tolkien, Carl F. Hostetter (ed.), The Nature of Middle-earth, "Part Three. The World, its Lands, and its Inhabitants: IV. The Making of Lembas", p. 296
  20. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The War of the Jewels, "The Grey Annals": §91
  21. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The War of the Jewels, "The Grey Annals": §108
  22. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The War of the Jewels, "The Grey Annals": §129
  23. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Quenta Silmarillion: Of the Coming of Men into the West"
  24. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The War of the Jewels, "The Grey Annals": §198-199
  25. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The War of the Jewels, "The Grey Annals": §275
  26. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Quenta Silmarillion: Of the Voyage of Eärendil and the War of Wrath"
  27. J.R.R. Tolkien; Humphrey Carpenter, Christopher Tolkien (eds.), The Letters of J.R.R. Tolkien, Letter 297, (dated August 1967), p. 386
  28. 28.0 28.1 28.2 28.3 28.4 28.5 J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix B, "The Second Age", pp. 1082-4
  29. J.R.R. Tolkien, Carl F. Hostetter (ed.), The Nature of Middle-earth, "Part One. Time and Ageing: XI. Ageing of Elves", p. 81
  30. 30.00 30.01 30.02 30.03 30.04 30.05 30.06 30.07 30.08 30.09 30.10 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "The History of Galadriel and Celeborn", "Concerning Galadriel and Celeborn"
  31. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "Aldarion and Erendis: The Mariner's Wife", The further course of the narrative, pp. 205-6
  32. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "The History of Galadriel and Celeborn", "Notes", p. 254, note 7
  33. 33.0 33.1 33.2 33.3 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "The History of Galadriel and Celeborn", "Amroth and Nimrodel", pp. 243-5
  34. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, The Fellowship of the Ring, "The Mirror of Galadriel", p. 357
  35. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "Cirion and Eorl and the Friendship of Gondor and Rohan", "(ii) The Ride of Eorl", pp. 298-9
  36. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix A, "The Númenorean Kings", "The Tale of Aragorn and Arwen", p. 1060
  37. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, The Fellowship of the Ring, "Lothlórien", p. 350
  38. 38.0 38.1 38.2 38.3 38.4 J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix B, "The Great Years", pp. 1092-4
  39. 39.0 39.1 39.2 39.3 J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, The Fellowship of the Ring, "Farewell to Lórien", pp. 367-378
  40. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Morgoth's Ring, "Part Three. The Later Quenta Silmarillion: (II) The Second Phase: Laws and Customs among the Eldar", p. 211
  41. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, The Two Towers, "The White Rider", pp. 502-3
  42. 42.0 42.1 42.2 J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix B, "The Chief Days from the Fall of Barad-dûr to the End of the Third Age", pp. 1095-6
  43. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, The Return of the King, "Many Partings", pp. 976, 983, 985
  44. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, The Return of the King, "The Grey Havens", pp. 1027-30
  45. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, "Prologue", pp. 15-16
  46. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix B, "Later Events Concerning the Members of the Fellowship of the Ring", p. 1098
  47. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix A, "Durin's Folk", p. 1081
  48. J.R.R. Tolkien; Humphrey Carpenter, Christopher Tolkien (eds.), The Letters of J.R.R. Tolkien, Letter 345, (dated 30 November 1972), p. 423
  49. 49.0 49.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Appendix: Elements in Quenya and Sindarin Names", kal-
  50. Wayne G. Hammond and Christina Scull (eds), The Lord of the Rings: A Reader's Companion, pp. 44-45
  51. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Morgoth's Ring, "Part Three. The Later Quenta Silmarillion: (I) The First Phase: 5. Of Eldanor and the Princes of the Eldalië", p. 182 (commentary to §42)
  52. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "The History of Galadriel and Celeborn", "Appendix E: The Names of Celeborn and Galadriel", p. 267
  53. Peter Jackson, "Production begins in New Zealand on The Hobbit" dated 20 March 2011, Facebook (accessed 23 December 2011)
  54. Alice Jones, "Morfydd Clark on Saint Maud and Lord of the Rings: ‘I am so frightened of loneliness’" dated 10 August 2021, inews.co.uk (accessed 7 April 2021)
  55. Justin Kroll, "'Lord of the Rings' Series Taps Morfydd Clark as Young Galadriel (EXCLUSIVE)" dated 10 August 2021, Variety (accessed 17 December 2019)
  56. "Full Cast & Crew", IMDB (accessed 2 September 2022)
Galadriel
House of Finarfin
Born: Y.T. 1362 Died: Sailed west in T.A. 3021
None
Amroth, as King of Lórien
Lady of Lórien
T.A. 1981 - 3021 (with Celeborn)
Followed by:
Celeborn


The Hobbit film series
Source material: The Hobbit · The Lord of the Rings
Films An Unexpected Journey (extended editionThe Desolation of Smaug (extended edition) · The Battle of the Five Armies (extended edition)
Music An Unexpected Journey (Special Edition) · The Desolation of Smaug (Special Edition) · The Battle of the Five Armies (Special Edition) · "Song of the Lonely Mountain" · "I See Fire" · "The Last Goodbye"
Tie-in books An Unexpected Journey Official Movie Guide · Visual Companion · Movie Storybook · Annual 2013 · Chronicles: Art & Design · Chronicles: Creatures & Characters · The World of Hobbits
The Desolation of Smaug Official Movie Guide · Visual Companion · Movie Storybook · Annual 2014 · Chronicles: Art & Design · Chronicles: Cloaks & Daggers · Smaug: Unleashing the Dragon · Activity Book · Sticker Book · Ultimate Sticker Collection
The Battle of the Five Armies Official Movie Guide · Visual Companion · Movie Storybook · Annual 2015 · Chronicles: Art & Design · Chronicles: The Art of War · Activity Book
Video games Kingdoms of Middle-earth · Armies of The Third Age · Lego The Hobbit
Characters Bilbo · Thorin · Gandalf · Balin · Fíli · Kíli · Dwalin · Dori · Nori · Ori · Óin · Glóin · Bifur · Bofur · Bombur · Smaug · Radagast · Elrond · Galadriel · Saruman · Azog · Bolg · Thranduil · Legolas · Tauriel · Bard · Bain · Tilda · Sigrid · Master of Lake-town · Alfrid · Dáin Ironfoot · Necromancer · Bert · William · Tom · Beorn · Thráin · Thrór · Goblin King · Gollum · Frodo