Difference between revisions of "Galadriel"

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'''2014: [[Middle-earth: Shadow of Mordor]]:'''
'''2014: [[Middle-earth: Shadow of Mordor]]:'''
:Galadriel is featured in the game, although she is a non-playable character.She is voiced by [[Jennifer Hale]] and she narrates the prologue in a showing of the game.
:Galadriel is featured in the game, although she is a non-playable character. She is voiced by [[Jennifer Hale]] and she narrates the prologue in a showing of the game.
'''2017: [[Middle-earth: Shadow of War]]:'''
'''2017: [[Middle-earth: Shadow of War]]:'''

Revision as of 18:33, 10 June 2021

"Who told you, and who sent you?" — Gandalf
This article or section needs more/new/more-detailed sources to conform to a higher standard and to provide proof for claims made.
The name Galadriel refers to more than one character, item or concept. For a list of other meanings, see Galadriel (disambiguation).
Matt Stewart - Galadriel.jpg
"Galadriel" by Matt Stewart
Biographical Information
PronunciationS, [ɡaˈladri.el]
Other namesArtanis (Q, fn),
Nerwen (Q, mn)
Alatáriel (T, an)
TitlesLady of Lórien, Lady of Light, Lady of the Wood, Lady of the Galadhrim, Mistress of Magic[1]
LocationTirion, Doriath, Nargothrond, Harlindon, Eriador, Eregion, Imladris, Belfalas, Lothlórien
AffiliationWhite Council
LanguageQuenya, Sindarin, Westron, and Silvan Elvish
BirthY.T. 1362[2]
RuleT.A. 1981 - T.A. 3021
Sailed west29 September, T.A. 3021
Grey Havens
HouseHouse of Finarfin
ParentageFinarfin and Eärwen
SiblingsFinrod, Angrod and Aegnor
Physical Description
Height6 feet, 4 inches (193cm)[3][note 1]
Hair colorRadiant gold-silver
(cf. Hair of Galadriel)
ClothingWhite robes
GalleryImages of Galadriel
"Very tall [Galadriel and Celeborn] were, and the Lady no less tall than the Lord; and they were grave and beautiful. They were clad wholly in white; and the hair of the Lady was of deep gold… but no sign of age was upon them, unless it were in the depths of their eyes; for these were keen as lances in the starlight, and yet profound, the wells of deep memory."
The Fellowship of the Ring, "The Mirror of Galadriel"

Galadriel was an elven Lady who witnessed Middle-earth during the Three Ages of the Sun.

Galadriel was born in Valinor as one of the Noldor, being the daughter of Finarfin and younger sister to Finrod Felagund (later King of Nargothrond), Angrod, and Aegnor. She took part in the Exile of the Noldor, supporting Fëanor. However she opposed the Kinslaying at Alqualondë and crossed the Helcaraxë with the rest of her group. After arriving in Beleriand, she lived in both Nargothrond and Doriath, the latter where she befriended Melian. Later, with her husband Celeborn, she ruled over the woodland Elves of Lothlórien, and together they had a daughter, Celebrían who married Elrond.

She is described as "the mightiest and fairest of all the Elves that remained in Middle-earth".[4] During the War of the Ring, she revealed to Frodo Baggins that she was the bearer of Nenya.[5] After the War, she returned to Valinor.


Early History

Girl from Ithlum by Thomas Rouillard

Life in Aman

See also: Other versions of the legendarium.

When a fourth child was born to Finarfin, prince of the Noldor, and Eärwen, princess of the Teleri, her father named her Artanis, which is "noble woman". She was unusually tall and strong as she grew, and so Eärwen's name for her was Nerwen, "man-maiden". Though the source of her hair colour was from her parents, it was said among the Eldar that her hair had captured the light of the Two Trees in Valinor, which resulted a unique and dazzling colour of gold and silver. According to a legend, this is how Fëanor conceived the idea of capturing the light of the trees inside the Silmarils. Despite her mixed blood, she was identified as a princess of the Noldor, as her father was the third son of Finwë, King of the Noldor.[6]:229-230

During the Darkening of Valinor, she was very independent and visionary. She swore no oaths, but the words of Fëanor concerning Middle-earth kindled a desire in her heart, as she was eager to see those wide unguarded lands and rule a realm of her own. During the troubles that followed, even though she participated in the revolt of the Noldor,[7] she fought against Fëanor in defence of her mother's kin in the Kinslaying of Alqualondë.[6] Accounts suggest she travelled among the second group led by Fingolfin, which joined the battle at Alqualondë late and without knowing how it had started. Some of that group had not participated in the killing, although it is not clear who and how many. Dismayed by the Doom of Mandos, her father Finarfin abandoned the march of the Noldor and returned to Valinor. But Galadriel and her brothers crossed the Helcaraxë in far north and arrived to the northern shores of the Hither Lands.[8]

Arrival to Middle-earth

In Beleriand, Galadriel and her eldest brother Finrod Felagund came to Doriath as guests of Elu Thingol, the King of Doriath. It was there she met Celeborn, a kinsman of Thingol, who would become her husband and companion in Middle-earth.[9] When her brother Finrod departed to the Caverns of Narog to establish the stronghold of Nargothrond, Galadriel did not go with him and remained in Doriath with her husband, though she occasionally visited her brother in Nargothrond.

Love at First Sight by Līga Kļaviņa

During her days in Doriath, Galadriel became friends with Queen Melian the Maia, and they spoke often to one another about Valinor. Melian was eager to learn the causes of the Exile of the Noldor, but Galadriel would tell her nothing of what occurred after the death of the Trees. Eventually, Melian's guesses became more shrewd and accurate. Galadriel revealed the tale to her, though still leaving out the Oath of Fëanor, the Kinslaying, and the burning of the Ships at Losgar. Melian was able to discern some of what was left unsaid, and still more came as rumours to Thingol's ears. At last, egged on by the accusing words of Thingol, Angrod told all. Galadriel was not expelled from Doriath because of Thingol's sympathy to the houses of Finarfin and Fingolfin for the wrongs they had suffered. All the same, she went to Nargothrond to live with Finrod for a time.[10] Presumably, she returned to Doriath to live with her husband.

Galadriel and Celeborn did not have any significant role in the general course of events in the War of the Jewels. It is said that even before the Fall of Nargothrond (F.A. 495), she passed over the mountains to [11] Eriador, far from the turmoil of the last years of the First Age.

Second Age

Galadriel and Celeborn at Lake Evendim by Ted Nasmith

After the War of Wrath and the overthrow of Morgoth, she chose to remain with Celeborn, who would not leave Middle-earth, but also because she was one of those eager to explore Middle-earth from the beginning.[12] A ban was set upon her return and it was not lifted until the War of the Ring.[13]

Celeborn ruled over the fiefdom of Harlindon, which was composed mostly of Sindar under the High King of the Noldor Gil-galad.[14] Eventually, the couple crossed into Eriador with many Noldor in their following. Together with Sindar and Green-elves, they dwelt in the country about Lake Nenuial ruling the Eldar in Eriador, including the wandering companies of the native Nandor.[12]

They departed for Eregion and arrived there by S.A. 750.[12][13] It was ruled by Celebrimbor, grandson of Fëanor and distant cousin of Galadriel.

Around S.A. 1200, with the help of the Dwarves of Khazad-dûm, Galadriel made contact with the Nandor of King Amdír, who dwelt in a forest realm called Lindórinand across the Misty Mountains. It was only sometime between S.A. 1350 and 1400 did she cross the Hithaeglir through Khazad-dûm and relocated to there with her daughter Celebrían,[note 2] becoming great among the Wood-elves.[12] Celeborn decided to stay in Eregion due to his enmity towards the Dwarves.[12]

Once Celebrimbor discovered Annatar's treachery, it was Galadriel who counselled Celebrimbor that the Three Rings were now in danger, and proposed sending them far from Eregion. He agreed, and in S.A. 1693, he sent them to three of the Wise: Vilya and Narya for Gil-galad and Círdan in Lindon, respectively, and Nenya for Galadriel. By the power of Nenya, the realm of Lórinand was strengthened and made beautiful.[12]

After the War of the Elves and Sauron ended, she passed again through Moria with Celebrían and came to Imladris, seeking Celeborn.[12] There she found him, and there they dwelt together for a long time.[12]

Galadriel by Angus McBride

But at some later time, Galadriel and Celeborn departed from Imladris and went to the little-inhabited lands between the mouth of the Gwathló and Ethir Anduin. There they dwelt in Belfalas, at the place that was afterwards called Dol Amroth; and their company was swelled by Silvan Elves from Lórinand.[12]

Third Age

Rule in Lórien

After long journeys in Rhovanion, from Gondor and the borders of Mordor to Thranduil in the north, Celeborn and Galadriel passed over the mountains to Imladris, and there dwelt for many years.[15] It was there, in T.A. 109,[16] that their daughter Celebrían wedded Elrond Half-elven of Rivendell.

When King Amroth, son of Amdír, perished in T.A. 1981, Celeborn and Galadriel took up the rule of Lindórinand jointly, and were called the Lord and Lady of Galadhrim. Galadriel planted the mallorn seeds brought with her from Lindon, the only mallorns east of the Sea, and afterwards the realm was called Lórinand (Valley of Gold) and Laurelindórinand (Valley of the Singing Gold), which through some transformations turned into the later name of Lothlórien or Lórien. There, they established Caras Galadhon.

In T.A. 2463, the White Council was formed. Galadriel, being one of the Wise and the greatest living threat to Sauron, was one of the members.[4] She was a good friend of Gandalf, and recommended that he be made head of the Council. But this distinction fell instead to Saruman, whom she distrusted. Sometime before the Quest for the Lonely Mountain, the White Council began to notice a dark shadow arising in Mirkwood. When Gandalf later discovered it to be Sauron, he urged the council to drive him out. After deliberating, the council acted and Galadriel assisted them in driving Sauron out of Dol Guldur in 2941.

War of the Ring
The Trial by Ralph Damiani

During the War of the Ring, Galadriel met the Fellowship of the Ring in T.A. 3019. She was especially attentive to the Hobbit Frodo Baggins, who was the bearer of the One Ring. She showed him Nenya, and let him gaze into her mirror of seeing. Then he offered her the One Ring, and despite the extreme temptation, she resisted it successfully. She sent the Fellowship off on their quest furnished with gifts. The two most important gifts she gave were to Aragorn, whom she knew well and liked, and a dwarf named Gimli. To Aragorn she gave the Elfstone, which she and her daughter Celebrían had worn. This jewel was created for her by Celebrimbor in Eregion, in remembrance of the first Elfstone that was now lost.[6] She was unsure as to what to give Gimli, and asked what he wanted. After complimenting her beauty, he requested a single strand of her hair. This made Galadriel remember the posing of a similar question by Fëanor, but she had searched Gimli's heart and knew that his intentions were pure. She rewarded him with three strands, which he was later to put into an imperishable crystal in memory of her.

Not long after the departure of the Fellowship, she received the resurrected Gandalf. She reclothed and refurnished him, giving him a new staff. After Gandalf left, Lothlórien was subjected to three successive attacks by armies coming out of Dol Guldur. By the power of her Ring they were thrice repulsed. Celeborn then led an attack on Dol Guldur itself. Once the dark fortress was in the hands of the Galadhrim, Galadriel came, threw down its walls, and purified it of its evil. It was her last act of power, for the One Ring was destroyed, and the strength of Nenya waned and eventually vanished almost completely.

Later history

On the Road to the Grey Havens by Victoria Clare

Galadriel attended the wedding of Aragorn with Arwen, then returned to Lothlórien. In T.A. 3021, two years later, she bade farewell to Celeborn and went West to Valinor, for after successfully resisting the temptation of the Ring, the Valar released the ban that forbid her to sail into the West. With her went the other two bearers of the Rings, Gandalf and Elrond, and Frodo and Bilbo Baggins who had borne the One Ring. They passed West, and came never again to Middle-earth.

Sometime later during the Fourth Age, she received Celeborn, her husband.[17] And in Fo.A. 120, it is said that she received Gimli her admirer, who was the first and only dwarf to enter Valinor.[18]


Galadriel was specially tall and beautiful, even among the Noldor, and her hair was the most notable feature about her. It reminded the Eldar of the light of the Two Trees.[6]:229-230 At least in her earlier years, was of a somewhat proud and rebellious nature. She was free-spirited, and during her time in Aman had many dreams of wide unexplored lands. In her youth, she was very willful and of an "Amazon" disposition; and bound up her hair as a crown when taking part in athletic feats.[19] Her favourite brother was Finrod, for he, too, shared this vision. She could explore the minds and hearts of others, and her gaze was seeing. It may be because of her unusual beauty and power that she became proud.

But by the Third Age she is also seen to act with wisdom and gentleness. In The Lord of the Rings, she appears very gentle, firm, and wise. She was revered even more than Celeborn by the Galadhrim and all who met her.


Galadriel is a Sindarin name translated by Tolkien as "glittering garland",[20] "Maiden crowned with gleaming hair",[19] and "maiden crowned with a radiant garland".[21][22] It has been suggested that Galadriel consists of galad ("light, radiance") + ("crown") + -iel ("daughter").[23] It was an epessë given to her in her youth because, while doing exercise, she usually bound up her long golden hair as a crown.[19]

Tolkien notes that the element galad had no relation to Sindarin galadh or Silvan galað ("tree").[21][24] Due this coincidence the name Galadriel was occasionally rendered as Galadhriel, as Tolkien explains:

When Celeborn and Galadriel became the rulers of the [Galadhrim], the name of Galadriel became associated with trees, an association that was aided by the name of her husband, which also appeared to contain a tree-word; so that outside Lórien among those whose memories of the ancient days and Galadriel's history had grown dim her name was often altered to 'Galadhriel'. Not in Lórien itself.[25]

Other names

At the time of her birth, Finarfin named his only daughter Artanis. Her father-name meant "Noble Woman" in Quenya, from arta + nís.[26]

Due to Artanis's height and her great strength of body and will, Eärwen chose the Quenya name Nerwen, meaning "man-maiden".[27]

Alatáriel was the Telerin name given to Galadriel by Celeborn, meaning "Maiden Crowned with Radiant Garland", which referred to her hair.[26] The Quenyarized form of this name was Altáriel, although the proper form would have been Ñaltariel. The Sindarin cognate was Galadriel, which was chosen by her to be her name in Middle-earth, "for it was the most beautiful of her names, and, chose as an epessë, had been given to her by her lover, Teleporno of the Teleri, whom she wedded later in Beleriand".[26][note 3]


d. Y.T. 1170
d. Y.T. 1495
b. Y.T.
b. Y.T.
Y.T. 1169 - 1497
b. Y.T.
Y.T. 1190 - F.A. 456
b. Y.T.
b. Y.T. 1230
b. Y.T.
unknown sons
Y.T. 1300 - F.A. 465
d. F.A. 455
b. Y.T.
d. F.A. 455
b. Y.T. 1362
b. F.A.
d. F.A. 495
b. F.A. 532
b. S.A.
d. S.A. 3441
d. F.A. 495
b. T.A. 130
b. T.A. 130
T.A. 241 - Fo.A. 121

Other versions of the legendarium

There is a bit of befuddlement and confusion in the story of Galadriel, which Tolkien revised multiple times. Some of the points that were revised often are the role of Galadriel in the rebellion of the Noldor, the reason why she remained in Middle-earth, and the time at which she met Celeborn.

In the notes to The Road Goes Ever On and in the published Silmarillion, Galadriel was one of the leaders of the revolt and followed Fëanor into Exile.[8] She couldn't return to Valinor because a ban was set against her, and she met Celeborn in Doriath, who was one of the Sindar. This is the only version of her story that was published by Tolkien during his lifetime.

However, there are two late essays written by Tolkien after The Road Goes Ever On and published in Unfinished Tales that contradict this. In one of them, though Galadriel revolts along with the other Noldor, she's offered the pardon of the Valar, but refuses to return to Aman nonetheless.

In the other, later essay, Galadriel has no participation at all in the rebellion of the Noldor, but sails on her own ship to Middle-earth. She would have been allowed to sail to Middle-earth by the Valar in normal conditions, but since she did it during the disturbance of Valinor, she fell under the Doom of Mandos all the same.

In both essays, she met Celeborn in Aman. He was called in Quenya Teleporno, and was a young Telerin prince, probably the son or grandson of Olwë (which would make him Artanis’s uncle or cousin)*. They eventually fell in love, and he called her in his own Telerin tongue Alatáriel (later Sindarinized as Galadriel and semi-Quenyarized as Altáriel). It's unknown whether Tolkien would have gone ahead with this revision (possibly making a new edition of The Road Goes Ever On), or if he would have felt bound by the published version.

Another point that was revised, was the time at which Galadriel passed over the mountains of Ered Luin to enter Eriador. In The Fellowship of the Ring, she says that she passed over the mountains before the fall of Nargothrond and Gondolin, yet in Appendix B of The Lord of the Rings it's said that at the beginning of the Second Age she was still dwelling in Lindon, before passing over the mountains. This contradiction in the same work must have been due to a mistake during revision.

Besides this, the earlier version of the story of Amroth given in Unfinished Tales, says that Galadriel and Celeborn had two children, of which one was Amroth.[6]

Portrayal in adaptations

Galadriel in adaptations
Galadriel as portrayed in The Lord of the Rings (1978 film)  
Galadriel as portrayed in Vivendi's The Fellowship of the Ring  
Galadriel as portrayed in Middle-earth: Shadow of Mordor  


1978: The Lord of the Rings (1978 film):

Galadriel is voiced by Annette Crosbie.

2001: The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring:

Galadriel is played by Cate Blanchett. Galadriel narrates the Prologue, explaining the creation of the Rings of Power and the War of the Last Alliance. Earlier plans considered were to have either Frodo or Gandalf narrate the Prologue, but this was dropped: Frodo was not alive until thousands of years after these events happened, and although Gandalf was alive, he was not present in Middle-earth at the time; the Wizards came some one thousand years after the Prologue ends. Thus Galadriel narrates the Prologue, because she had first-hand accounts of this history and actively participated in its events.

2002: The Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers:

Galadriel frequently consults telepathically with Elrond; there is an indication from the books[source?] that the two were able to communicate in some way, without specific reference. In the film, unlike the book, Galadriel and Elrond send an army of Elves - led by Haldir - to Helm's Deep to aid the Rohirrim. In the DVD commentary, Peter Jackson and his fellow writers explain that they worried audiences would wonder why the Elves don't seem to be helping in the war, while at the same time, they felt that actually inserting an entire separate battle scene at Lothlórien would take up too much screentime and resources.

2003: The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King:

A spiritual apparition of Lady Galadriel appears to provide Frodo strength following his passage through Shelob's Lair, soon after he uses the Phial that she gave him. She is later seen leaving Middle-Earth along with other Ring-Bearers, but in film version her husband Celeborn departs with her at the same time.

2012-14: The Hobbit (film series):

Cate Blanchett reprised her role as Galadriel, although the character itself is absent from the novel.[28] She appears as part of the White Council alongside Saruman, Gandalf and Elrond. Later, she telepathically urges Gandalf to further seek the true identity of the Necromancer. Finally, during the attack on Dol Guldur, Galadriel plays a larger role. She first rescues Gandalf from captivity, and is ultimately the one to drive Sauron from the fortress using her phial.


1993: Hobitit:

Galadriel is portrayed by Heidi Krohn.She appears only in episode Lórien, and she is featured as a reflection in the surface of the lake.

2021: The Lord of the Rings (TV series):

Galadriel will be portrayed by Morfydd Clark as one of the central characters of the series.

Radio series

1981: The Lord of the Rings (1981 radio series):

The voice of Galadriel is provided by Marian Diamond. In addition to the Lothlórien episodes, the voice of Galadriel is heard in Shelob's Lair as a reminder to use the phial, and she appears with Elrond in the final episode in the Shire, as they journey towards the Grey Havens.

2001-2003: Pán prsteňov (2001-2003 Slovak radio series):

The voice of Galadriel is provided by Soňa Norisová. Norisová also provides most of the singing in the series (including the opening and closing titles theme and series closing song), alluding to Galadriel being a secondary storyteller (with Bilbo Baggins serving as the series' primary storyteller).


2002: The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring (video game):

Galadriel, voiced by Jennifer Hale, is the narrator of the Prologue and the Epilogue, and appears in Lothlórien.

2006: The Lord of the Rings: The Battle for Middle-earth II:

Galadriel is the strongest of "Hero" units available to the Free Peoples. If a player's army manages to spot Gollum on the battlefield, take The One Ring from him and deliver it to their forces, the option to "summon" Galadriel unlocks for a large amount of resources. Thus, Lady Galadriel is represented as succumbing to corruption of The Ring, similar to the respective scene in the The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring movie.

2007: The Lord of the Rings Online:

Introduced in The Lord of the Rings Online: Mines of Moria, Galadriel plays a prominent role during the Epic storyline with guidance and support. During the final days of the War of the Ring, Galadriel assembles the Council of Elven Lords, where it is decided to bring their armies against Dol Guldur. After she brings down the walls of Dol Guldur, Galadriel accompanies Arwen on her journey south to her wedding, and they visit the site of Celebrian's captivity in the Misty Mountains together. Afterwards, she and Celeborn join the procession of Elrond's house and travel to Minas Tirith to attend the wedding of Arwen and Aragorn.

2014: Middle-earth: Shadow of Mordor:

Galadriel is featured in the game, although she is a non-playable character. She is voiced by Jennifer Hale and she narrates the prologue in a showing of the game.

2017: Middle-earth: Shadow of War:

Galadriel is featured in the game, although she is a non-playable character with Jennifer Hale reprising her role from the game.


  1. Quote by J.R.R. Tolkien from the Unfinished Tales, the same section referenced: "Thus two rangar was often called 'man-high', which at thirty-eight inches gives an average height of six feet four inches; (1.93 meters) but this was at a later date, when the stature of the Dúnedain appears to have decreased..." (emphasis mine)
  2. Celebrían's exact date and place of birth are not specified.
  3. Teleporno was the Teleri-styled named for Lord Celeborn: "It is only of course in the late version that Celeborn appears with a High-elven, rather than Sindarin, name: Teleporno", J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "The History of Galadriel and Celeborn", "Appendix E: The Names of Celeborn and Galadriel", p. 266


  1. Called thus by Faramir (J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, The Two Towers, "The Window on the West").
  2. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Morgoth's Ring, "Part Two. The Annals of Aman: Commentary on the fourth section of the Annals of Aman", p. 106
  3. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "The Disaster of the Gladden Fields", "Appendix: Númenórean Linear Measures"
  4. 4.0 4.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Of the Rings of Power and the Third Age"
  5. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, The Fellowship of the Ring, "The Mirror of Galadriel"
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "The History of Galadriel and Celeborn"
  7. J.R.R. Tolkien, "Notes and Translations", in The Road Goes Ever On (J.R.R. Tolkien, Donald Swann)
  8. 8.0 8.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Quenta Silmarillion: Of the Flight of the Noldor"
  9. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Quenta Silmarillion: Of the Return of the Noldor"
  10. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Quenta Silmarillion: Of the Noldor in Beleriand"
  11. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, The Fellowship of the Ring, "The Mirror of Galadriel"
  12. 12.0 12.1 12.2 12.3 12.4 12.5 12.6 12.7 12.8 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "The History of Galadriel and Celeborn", "Concerning Galadriel and Celeborn"
  13. 13.0 13.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, "Notes and Translations", in The Road Goes Ever On (J.R.R. Tolkien, Donald Swann)
  14. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Peoples of Middle-earth, "Of Dwarves and Men"
  15. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "The History of Galadriel and Celeborn", "Amroth and Nimrodel"
  16. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix B, "The Third Age"
  17. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, "Prologue"
  18. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix B, "The Great Years"
  19. 19.0 19.1 19.2 J.R.R. Tolkien; Humphrey Carpenter, Christopher Tolkien (eds.), The Letters of J.R.R. Tolkien, Letter 348, (dated 6 March 1973), p. 428
  20. J.R.R. Tolkien; Humphrey Carpenter, Christopher Tolkien (eds.), The Letters of J.R.R. Tolkien, Letter 345, (dated 30 November 1972), p. 423
  21. 21.0 21.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Appendix: Elements in Quenya and Sindarin Names", kal-
  22. Wayne G. Hammond and Christina Scull (eds), The Lord of the Rings: A Reader's Companion, pp. 44-45
  23. "Compound Sindarin Names", Tolkiendil.com (accessed 9 December 2022)
  24. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Morgoth's Ring, "Part Three. The Later Quenta Silmarillion: (I) The First Phase: 5. Of Eldanor and the Princes of the Eldalië", p. 182 (commentary to §42)
  25. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "The History of Galadriel and Celeborn", "Appendix E: The Names of Celeborn and Galadriel", p. 267
  26. 26.0 26.1 26.2 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Peoples of Middle-earth, "XI. The Shibboleth of Fëanor", "The names of Finwë's descendants", pp. 346-347
  27. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Peoples of Middle-earth, "XI. The Shibboleth of Fëanor", "The case of the Quenya change of Þ to s", p. 337
  28. Peter Jackson, "Production begins in New Zealand on The Hobbit" dated 20 March 2011, Facebook (accessed 23 December 2011)
The Hobbit film series
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Music An Unexpected Journey (Special Edition) · The Desolation of Smaug (Special Edition) · The Battle of the Five Armies (Special Edition) · "Song of the Lonely Mountain" · "I See Fire" · "The Last Goodbye"
Tie-in books An Unexpected Journey Official Movie Guide · Visual Companion · Movie Storybook · Annual 2013 · Chronicles: Art & Design · Chronicles: Creatures & Characters · The World of Hobbits
The Desolation of Smaug Official Movie Guide · Visual Companion · Movie Storybook · Annual 2014 · Chronicles: Art & Design · Chronicles: Cloaks & Daggers · Smaug: Unleashing the Dragon · Activity Book · Sticker Book · Ultimate Sticker Collection
The Battle of the Five Armies Official Movie Guide · Visual Companion · Movie Storybook · Annual 2015 · Chronicles: Art & Design · Chronicles: The Art of War · Activity Book
Video games Kingdoms of Middle-earth · Armies of The Third Age · Lego The Hobbit
Characters Bilbo · Thorin · Gandalf · Balin · Fíli · Kíli · Dwalin · Dori · Nori · Ori · Óin · Glóin · Bifur · Bofur · Bombur · Smaug · Radagast · Elrond · Galadriel · Saruman · Azog · Bolg · Thranduil · Legolas · Tauriel · Bard · Bain · Tilda · Sigrid · Master of Lake-town · Alfrid · Dáin Ironfoot · Necromancer · Bert · William · Tom · Beorn · Thráin · Thrór · Goblin King · Gollum · Frodo