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From Tolkien Gateway
Revision as of 05:35, 23 November 2022 by Dour1234 (talk | contribs)
[[File:|320x480px|thumb|center|"Lossoth" by Liz Danforth]]
General Information
Other namesSnowmen
OriginsDescendants of the Forodwaith
LocationsCape of Forochel, occasionally northern Blue Mountains
Language of the Lossoth[source?]
Physical Description
LifespanShorter than Númenórean
DistinctionsPrimitive culture adapted to the cold climate of the Northern Waste
GalleryImages of Lossoth

The Lossoth, also called the Snowmen of Forochel,[1] were Men, remnant of the Forodwaith, the ancient people from the northern lands of Middle-earth.


The Lossoth are a remnant of the ancient people of Forodwaith, about whom not much can be known. It can be assumed that the Lossoth flourished well outside the Númenórean sphere of influence, and they suffered from Angmar, causing their remnants to retreat.[2] They were afraid of the Witch-king, and they believed he could control elements like frost and thaw. At some point, the Lossoth had retreated to the Cape of Forochel, inaccessible to hostile peoples who harassed them.[3]

They entered history near the end of the second millennium of the Third Age, when Arvedui, last King of Arthedain, fled into the north to escape his kingdom's destruction and the Lossoth gave him their aid. In T.A. 1975[4], when an elven-ship came to rescue him, the exiled King rewarded the Lossoth for their friendship with the Ring of Barahir. His hosts sensed approaching disaster, and warned Arvedui not to board the ship. Against their advice he did so, and indeed a great storm overwhelmed the vessel and the last King of Arthedain was lost in the cold waters of the far north.[3]

In the later Third Age, the Rangers of the North learned from the Lossoth the fate of the ship, and also paid to buy back the Ring of Barahir.[3]


The Lossoth lived mainly on the Cape of Forochel that enclosed the Icebay of Forochel, but in winter the Bay was frozen over, and they could camp around its southern rim at the feet of the Blue Mountains. They had a culture well adapted to their icy existence, constructing houses in the snow (possibly similar to igloos), and travelling on sleds and bone skates. Despite this comfortable existence, the Lossoth had a very primitive culture. They were afraid of the weapons that Arvedui and his men had, did not value jewels and could not understand sailing boats.[3]

An isolated and unfriendly people, they must have had some limited contact with other peoples of the Westlands, as they apparently knew some Westron.[2]


Loss(h)oth is Sindarin and consists of loss ("snow") + hoth.[1]

Andreas Moehn suggests that the word is a collective name, from an outsider's point of view, without knowledge of any tribes or variance of cultures. It seems to be derogatory, as highlighted by the (usually pejorative) ending hoth.[2][1][5]

Portrayals in adaptations

A typical Lossoth male

2008: The Lord of the Rings Online: Shadows of Angmar

The Lossoth appear in the zone of the Ice-Bay of Forochel introduced in April 2008. The Lossoth skate on ice and push sledges, and have the ability to tame and ride to war on mammoths. Many aspects of their language, culture, and appearance seem to be derived from or inspired by that of the Finnish, Sami, and Inuit peoples. They call themselves the Lumi-väki. Their chieftain is Yrjänä, who rules from the Great Lodge of Sûri-kylä.


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Appendix: Elements in Quenya and Sindarin Names" (entry hoth)
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Andreas Moehn, "The Lossoth and the Forodwaith", Lalaith's Middle-earth Science Pages (accessed 15 July 2024)
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix A, "The Númenorean Kings", "Eriador, Arnor, and the Heirs of Isildur"
  4. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix B, "The Third Age"
  5. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "Cirion and Eorl and the Friendship of Gondor and Rohan" (Note 24)