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Morthond

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==Other versions of the legendarium==
 
==Other versions of the legendarium==
The course and placement of the Morthond changed greatly during the writing of ''[[The Lord of the Rings]]''. In the [[First Map of The Lord of the Rings]] the Morthond was separate from and far west of the Ringló (with [[Dol Amroth]] far to the west of the Morthond).<ref>{{TI|MIII}}</ref> When [[J.R.R. Tolkien]] developed Outline VI for Book V in ''[[The Return of the King]]'' he drew a map with the Morthond east of the Ringló and the Morthond joined the [[Anduin]] near its mouth.<ref>{{WR|3|II}}</ref> When Tolkien made the detailed Second Map there were four rivers – [[Calenhir]], Morthond, Kiril, and Ringló – that flowed independently until they all combined just before exiting into Cobas Haven.<ref name="West"/>
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The course and placement of the Morthond changed greatly during the writing of ''[[The Lord of the Rings]]''. In the [[The First Map of The Lord of the Rings|First Map of The Lord of the Rings]] the Morthond was separate from and far west of the Ringló (with [[Dol Amroth]] far to the west of the Morthond).<ref>{{TI|MIII}}</ref> When [[J.R.R. Tolkien]] developed Outline VI for Book V in ''[[The Return of the King]]'' he drew a map with the Morthond east of the Ringló and the Morthond joined the [[Anduin]] near its mouth.<ref>{{WR|3|II}}</ref> When Tolkien made the detailed [[The Second Map of The Lord of the Rings|Second Map of The Lord of the Rings]] there were four rivers – [[Calenhir]], Morthond, Kiril, and Ringló – that flowed independently until they all combined just before exiting into Cobas Haven.<ref name="West"/>
  
 
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Latest revision as of 14:17, 3 May 2021

Morthond
River
General Information
Other namesBlackroot
LocationIn Anfalas in Gondor, south of the White Mountains
TypeRiver
People and History
InhabitantsElves, Gondorians
EventsAragorn's ride to Erech

The Morthond (S. "Black root") was one of the seven rivers of Gondor. It arose in the White Mountains in a narrow valley that led to the southern entrance of the Paths of the Dead.[1] The river flowed south-west for half its length and then turned south-east before joining the Ringló[2] near Cobas Haven.[3]

[edit] History

Near the confluence of the Morthond and the Ringló was the ancient Elf-haven of Edhellond. This refuge had been founded at the beginning of the Second Age by a remnant of Elves from Doriath.[4]

At the time of the War of the Ring the lord of the Blackroot Vale was Duinhir. He and his two sons, Duilin and Derufin, marched to Minas Tirith with five hundred bowmen to aid in the city's defence.[5] On 8 March T.A. 3019 Aragorn, Gimli, Legolas, the Grey Company, and the Army of the Dead exited from the Paths of the Dead alongside the Morthond.[6] They followed the young river before crossing a bridge on their way to the Stone of Erech.[1]

[edit] Etymology

Morthond is a Sindarin name meaning "black-root".[7] The first element mor means "dark" or "black".[8] The second element thond means "root".[9]

[edit] Other versions of the legendarium

The course and placement of the Morthond changed greatly during the writing of The Lord of the Rings. In the First Map of The Lord of the Rings the Morthond was separate from and far west of the Ringló (with Dol Amroth far to the west of the Morthond).[10] When J.R.R. Tolkien developed Outline VI for Book V in The Return of the King he drew a map with the Morthond east of the Ringló and the Morthond joined the Anduin near its mouth.[11] When Tolkien made the detailed Second Map of The Lord of the Rings there were four rivers – Calenhir, Morthond, Kiril, and Ringló – that flowed independently until they all combined just before exiting into Cobas Haven.[3]

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, The Return of the King, "The Passing of the Grey Company"
  2. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "The West of Middle-earth at the End of the Third Age" [map]
  3. 3.0 3.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The War of the Ring, "Part Three: Minas Tirith", "XIV. The Second Map", West, p. 434
  4. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "The History of Galadriel and Celeborn", Amroth and Nimrodel
  5. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, The Return of the King, "Minas Tirith"
  6. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix B, "The Great Years"
  7. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, Index, Morthond
  8. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Appendix: Elements in Quenya and Sindarin Names", mor
  9. J.R.R. Tolkien, "Words, Phrases and Passages in Various Tongues in The Lord of the Rings", in Parma Eldalamberon XVII (edited by Christopher Gilson), p. 96
  10. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Treason of Isengard, "XV. The First Map of The Lord of the Rings", "Maps IIIA and III"
  11. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The War of the Ring, "Part Three: Minas Tirith", "II. Book Five Begun and Abandoned"