Parma Eldalamberon 19

Parma Eldalamberon 19
Quenya Phonology
Parma Eldalamberon 19.png
AuthorJ.R.R. Tolkien
EditorChristopher Gilson
PublisherElvish Linguistic Fellowship
Released15 November 2010
FormatPaperback journal

Parma Eldalamberon 19: Quenya Phonology is the ninetheenth issue of Parma Eldalamberon, a journal of linguistic studies of the Elvish languages and names in the works of J.R.R. Tolkien.

Front cover: manuscript facsimile "Quenya: Outline of Phonology"
Back cover: continuation of the manuscript

Previous Issue || Next Issue


  • Foreword
  • "Comparative Tables" — J.R.R. Tolkien, ed. Christopher Gilson
    • Consonants
    • Vowels
    • General Characteristics
  • "Outline of Phonetic Development" — J.R.R. Tolkien, ed. Christopher Gilson
    • The Consonants
      • General Developments in Isolation
      • Initial Groups
      • Medial Combinations
      • Final Consonants
    • Development of the Vowels
    • Changes Produced in Hiatus
    • Final Syllables
  • "Outline of Phonology" — J.R.R. Tolkien, ed. Christopher Gilson
    • The Consonants
      • General Development in Isolation
      • Initial Consonant Groups
      • Medial Combinations of Consonants
      • Consonants Standing Finally
    • The Vowels
  • List of abbreviations


The "Comparative Tables" are a series of charts laying out the regular correspondences among the sounds of the various languages Tolkien had invented by the late 1930s or conceived of as part of his history of the Elves, including Valarin, Quenya, Lindarin, Telerin, Noldorin, Ilkorin, Danian, and Lemberin, as well as the Mannish language Taliskan. There are charts for word-initial and medial consonants and consonant groups, and for long vowels and diphthongs. These are accompanied by Tolkien’s notes on the general phonetic characteristics of the historical development of the languages, and on their phonological types in terms of the "real" languages on which they were modelled.

The "Outline of Phonetic Development" is a detailed description of the historical changes that produced of the sounds of Quenya from the sounds of Primitive Eldarin, including the regular developments in word-initial and medial positions and the distinctive changes of sounds in contact. Phonetic variations among the historical dialects of Quenya are described, as well as those divergent developments occurring in the closely related languages of Lindarin, Telerin, and Noldorin, and the influences of these on the dialects of Quenya. The text appears to be from the late 1930s or 1940s.

The "Outline of Phonology" is a revised and expanded version of this text, dating from the 1950s. It describes the phonology of Quenya as primarily the speech of the Noldor in Valinor; but it is similarly arranged, giving variations within the historical dialects of Quenya and divergent developments in the related Vanyarin and Telerin.

External linksEdit

Parma Eldalamberon issues
Issue 1 · Issue 2 · Issue 3 · Issue 4 · Issue 5 · Issue 6 · Issue 7 · Issue 8 · Issue 9 · Issue 10 ·
Issue 11 · Issue 12 · Issue 13 · Issue 14 · Issue 15 · Issue 16 · Issue 17 · Issue 18 · Issue 19 · Issue 20 ·
Issue 21 · Issue 22