From Tolkien Gateway

RUN is a Primitive Quendian root given various significations.


  • Meaning: "flat of hand or sole of foot"[1]
  • Derivatives:
    • Quenya: runya ("slot, footprint"); tallune ("sole of foot")[1]
    • Noldorin: rhoein, rhein ("slot, spoor, track, footprint")[1]


  • Meaning: "rub, grind, smooth, polish"[2]
  • Derivatives: Quenya runda ("smooth, polished")[2]


  • Meaning: "'red, glowing', most often applied to things like embers"[3]


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Lost Road and Other Writings, Part Three: "The Etymologies", p. 384 (root appearing as "RUN-")
  2. 2.0 2.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, "Words, Phrases and Passages in Various Tongues in The Lord of the Rings", in Parma Eldalamberon XVII (edited by Christopher Gilson), pp. 89, 183 (root appearing as "√RUN-")
  3. 3.0 3.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Peoples of Middle-earth, "XI. The Shibboleth of Fëanor", p. 366 (note 61; root appearing as "√RUN")