Tolkien Gateway

Smith of Wootton Major

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{{book
 
{{book
 
| title=Smith of Wootton Major
 
| title=Smith of Wootton Major
| image=[[Image:Smith of Wootton Major (edited by Verlyn Flieger).jpg|225px]]
+
| image=[[Image:Wootton Major 1967.png|225px]]
 
| author=[[J.R.R. Tolkien]]
 
| author=[[J.R.R. Tolkien]]
| editor=[[Verlyn Flieger]] (for the [[2005]] Expanded Edition)
+
| editor=[[Verlyn Flieger]] ([[2005]] edition)
| illustrator=[[Pauline Baynes]]
+
| illustrator=[[Pauline Baynes]]<br>Roger Garland (1990 edition)
| publisher=[[Allen and Unwin|George Allen and Unwin]] (UK)
+
| publisher=[[George Allen and Unwin]] (UK)
 
| date=[[9 November]] [[1967]] (UK)
 
| date=[[9 November]] [[1967]] (UK)
| format=Hardcover
+
| format=Hardcover; paperback
| pages=160
+
| pages=62
| isbn=0007202474
+
| isbn=0048231215
| series=
+
| precededby=
+
| followedby=
+
 
}}
 
}}
'''''Smith of Wootton Major''''', first published in [[1967]], is a short story by [[J.R.R. Tolkien]].  
+
'''''Smith of Wootton Major''''' is a short story written by [[J.R.R. Tolkien]], first published in [[1949]].
  
 
== Background ==
 
== Background ==
The book grew out of an attempt to explain the meaning of [[Faery]] by means of a brief story about a cook and his cake. This would have been part of a preface by Tolkien to [[George MacDonald]]'s faerie story ''The Golden Key''. But the story grew from there and became a tale in its own right.
+
The book began as an attempt to explain the meaning of [[Faery]] by means of a story about a cook and his cake, and Tolkien originally thought to call it ''The Great Cake''. It was intended to be part of a preface by Tolkien to [[George MacDonald]]'s famous fairy story ''The Golden Key''. Tolkien's story grew to become a tale in its own right.
  
The book was originally called "'''The Great Cake'''", but the title was changed to "'''Smith of Wootton Major'''" in an attempt to suggest an early work by P.G. Wodehouse.
+
''Smith of Wootton Major'' is not connected to the [[Middle-earth]], except by the thematic "Faery" motif of the traveler who journeys to a land that lies beyond the normal world and is usually beyond the reach of mortals. (Smith can thus be likened to [[Beren]] in the realm of [[Thingol]], or [[Eärendil]] journeying to [[Valinor]], or [[Ælfwine]]'s visit to [[Tol Eressëa]].)
  
The story was first published in the Christmas edition of ''Redbook'' magazine, New York on # 23 November 1967 but without the illustrations by [[Pauline Baynes]] that appeared in the published book.
+
The book was originally illustrated by [[Pauline Baynes]]. The story has appeared with other works in compilations, including ''[[The Tolkien Reader]]'', ''[[Poems and Stories]]'', and ''[[Tales from the Perilous Realm]]''.
  
It is not definitely connected to the [[Middle-earth]] [[legendarium]].
+
==Plot summary==
 +
The village of [[Wootton Major]] was well known around the countryside for its annual festivals, which were particularly famous for their culinary delights. The biggest festival of all was the [[Feast of Good Children]]. This festival was celebrated only once every twenty-four years: twenty-four children of the village were invited to a party, and the highlight of the party was the [[Great Cake]], a career milestone by which [[Master Cook]]s were judged. In the year the story begins, the Master Cook was [[Nokes]], who had landed the position more or less by default; he delegated much of the creative work to his apprentice Alf. Nokes crowned his Great Cake with a little doll jokingly representing the Queen of Faery. Various trinkets were hidden in the cake for the children to find; one of these was a star the Cook discovered in the old spice box.
  
It is sometimes published in an omnibus edition with "[[Farmer Giles of Ham]]", another Tolkien novella with illustrations by [[Pauline Baynes]], although the two stories are not obviously linked.
+
The star was not found at the Feast, but was swallowed by a [[Smith Smithson|blacksmith's son]]. The boy did not feel its magical properties at once, but on the morning of his tenth birthday the star fixed itself on his forehead, and became his passport to Faery. The boy grew up to be a blacksmith like his father, but in his free time he roamed the Land of Faery. The star on his forehead protected him from many of the dangers threatening mortals in that land, and the Folk of Faery called him "[[Starbrow]]". The book describes his many travels in Faery, until at last he meets the true Queen of Faery. The identity of the King is also revealed.
  
== The story ==
+
The time came for another Feast of Good Children. Smith had possessed his gift for most of his life, and the time had come to pass it on to some other child. So he regretfully surrendered the star to Alf, and with it his adventures into Faery. [[Alf|King of Faery]], who had become Master Cook long before, baked it into the festive cake once again for another child to find. After the feast, Alf retired and left the village; and Smith returned to his forge to teach his craft to his now-grown son.
  
The village of [[Wootton Major]] is well-known around the countryside for its annual festivals, which are particularly famous for their culinary delights. The biggest festival of them all is the [[Feast of Good Children]]. This festival is celebrated only once every twenty-four years, and the celebrations take the form of a party to which twenty-four children of the village are invited. The high point of the party is the [[Great Cake]], which is remarkable for its hidden magical ingredients. Whoever swallows one of these is given the rare gift of an entry into the Land of Faery.
+
==Extended Edition==
 +
In [[2005]], an extended edition of ''Smith of Wootton Major'' was published, edited by [[Verlyn Flieger]].<ref>{{webcite|author=|articleurl=http://www.tolkienbooks.net/php/details.php?reference=54350|articlename=Smith of Wootton Major. 2005|dated=|website=TB|accessed=2 March 2015}}</ref>
  
This year the magic star hidden inside the Great Cake was eaten by a [[Smith Smithson|blacksmith's son]]. The boy did not feel any of its magical properties at once but on the morning of his tenth birthday the star fixed itself on his forehead and marked him as one intimate with the Faeryfolk. This boy grew up to be a blacksmith like his father, but in his free time he roamed into the Land of Faery. The star on his forehead protected him from the evils threatening mortals in that land, and the Folk called him [[Starbrow]] and told him about their land and its hidden beauties and dangers.  
+
In addition to editorial Notes and Commentary, the edition includes much material that was previously unpublished, including facsimiles of manuscripts and typescripts of previous versions, a Time Scheme, new essays (especially one dealing with the background of the story and the nature of [[Faerie]]) and notes by [[J.R.R. Tolkien]], and a list of characters.<ref>[http://mythus.com/smith.html Mythus] (Verlyn Flieger's website), as of 18 August 2010</ref>
  
The years passed and it was now time for another Feast of Good Children. Smith had had his precious gift for most of his life now and the time had come for it to be passed on to some other child. So he gave up the star, and the mysterious new Master Cook baked it into the festive cake once more.
+
On [[26 February]] [[2015]], the extended edition was reissued by HarperCollins as a pocket hardcover, with an additional gallery displaying the illustrations redrawn by [[Pauline Baynes]] for appearance in the 1980 deluxe edition of ''[[Poems and Stories]]''.<ref>{{webcite|author=|articleurl=http://www.tolkienguide.com/modules/newbb/viewtopic.php?forum=9&post_id=14711#forumpost14711|articlename=New Book Releases|dated=26 February 2015|website=Guide|accessed=2 March 2015}}</ref>
  
Funny, frightening and always fascinating, the book is in part dominated by the character of the earlier [[Master Cook]], a shallow, sly and lazy man called [[Nokes]]. He is the foremost among the non-believers, and dismisses all things magical as mere dreams and fancies. In the end it is he who meets the [[Alf|King of Faery]] and who is told off by him for his greed and indolence.
+
==Publication history and gallery==
 +
;Earlier Editions
 +
{{Gallery
 +
|width=125
 +
|height=125
 +
|lines=2
 +
|File:Wootton Major 1967.png|1967 edition
 +
|File:Wootton Major 1967 alter.png|1967 edition alternative cover
 +
|File:Wootton Major 1975.png|1975 edition
 +
|File:Wootton Major 1990 hardcover.png|1990 edition hardcover
 +
|File:Wootton Major 1990 paperback.png|1990 edition paperback
 +
}}
 +
*[[George Allen and Unwin]] hardcover ([[1967]]), pp. 62.
 +
*[[George Allen and Unwin]] hardcover ([[1975]]), ISBN 0048231215
 +
*[[Unwin Hyman]] hardcover ([[1990]]), ISBN 0044407254
 +
*[[Unwin Paperbacks]] paperback ([[1990]]), ISBN 004440722X
  
== The Extended Edition ==
+
;Tree and Leaf, Smith of Wootton Major, The Homecoming of Beorhtnoth (1975)
 +
An anthology collecting ''[[Tree and Leaf]]'', ''Smith of Wootton Major'', and ''The Homecoming of Beorhtnoth'' under the same cover.
 +
{{Gallery
 +
|width=125
 +
|height=125
 +
|lines=2
 +
|File:Tree and Leaf anthology 1975.png|1975 edition
 +
|File:Tree and Leaf anthology 1979.png|1975 edition<br>4th impression
 +
}}
 +
*[[Unwin Books]] paperback ([[1975]]), pp. 176. ISBN 0048200158
 +
**1975 edition 4th impression ([[1979]]) paperback, ISBN 0048200166
  
In 2005, an extended edition of ''Smith of Wootton Major'' was published, prepared by [[Verlyn Flieger]].<ref>{{webcite|author=|articleurl=http://www.tolkienbooks.net/php/details.php?reference=54350|articlename=Smith of Wootton Major. 2005|dated=|website=TB|accessed=2 March 2015}}</ref>
+
;Smith of Wootton Major, Leaf by Niggle (1983)
 +
An anthology collecting ''Smith of Wootton Major'' and ''[[Leaf by Niggle]]'' under the same cover.
 +
{{Gallery
 +
|width=125
 +
|height=125
 +
|lines=1
 +
|File:Wootton Major 1983.png|1983 edition
 +
}}
 +
*[[Unwin Paperbacks]] paperback ([[1983]]), pp. 78. ISBN 0048232327
  
In addition to editorial Notes and Commentary, the edition includes much material that was hitherto unpublished, including facsimiles of manuscripts and typescripts of previous versions, a Time Scheme, new essays (especially one dealing with the background of the story and the nature of [[Faerie]]) and notes by [[J.R.R. Tolkien]], and a list of characters.<ref>[http://mythus.com/smith.html Mythus] (Verlyn Flieger's website), as of 18 August 2010</ref>
+
;2005 Extended Edition, edited by [[Verlyn Flieger]]
 
+
{{Gallery
On [[26 February]] [[2015]], the extended edition was reissued by HarperCollins as a pocket hardback, with an additional gallery displaying the illustrations redrawn by [[Pauline Baynes]] for appearance in the 1980 deluxe edition of ''[[Poems and Stories]]''.<ref>{{webcite|author=|articleurl=http://www.tolkienguide.com/modules/newbb/viewtopic.php?forum=9&post_id=14711#forumpost14711|articlename=New Book Releases|dated=26 February 2015|website=Guide|accessed=2 March 2015}}</ref>
+
|width=125
 +
|height=125
 +
|lines=2
 +
|File:Wootton Major 2005.png|2005 edition
 +
|File:Wootton Major 2015.jpeg|2015 pocket edition
 +
}}
 +
*[[HarperCollins]] hardcover ([[2005]]), pp. 160. ISBN 0007202474
 +
*[[HarperCollins]] hardcover ([[2015]]), pp. 224. ISBN 0007557280
  
== See also ==
+
==See also==
*[[Essay concerning Smith of Wootton Major]]
+
*''[[Farmer Giles of Ham]]''
*[[Tales from the Perilous Realm]]
+
*''[[Tales from the Perilous Realm]]''
  
 
==External links==
 
==External links==

Revision as of 04:40, 13 June 2022

Smith of Wootton Major
Wootton Major 1967.png
AuthorJ.R.R. Tolkien
EditorVerlyn Flieger (2005 edition)
IllustratorPauline Baynes
Roger Garland (1990 edition)
PublisherGeorge Allen and Unwin (UK)
Released9 November 1967 (UK)
FormatHardcover; paperback
Pages62
ISBN0048231215

Smith of Wootton Major is a short story written by J.R.R. Tolkien, first published in 1949.

Contents

Background

The book began as an attempt to explain the meaning of Faery by means of a story about a cook and his cake, and Tolkien originally thought to call it The Great Cake. It was intended to be part of a preface by Tolkien to George MacDonald's famous fairy story The Golden Key. Tolkien's story grew to become a tale in its own right.

Smith of Wootton Major is not connected to the Middle-earth, except by the thematic "Faery" motif of the traveler who journeys to a land that lies beyond the normal world and is usually beyond the reach of mortals. (Smith can thus be likened to Beren in the realm of Thingol, or Eärendil journeying to Valinor, or Ælfwine's visit to Tol Eressëa.)

The book was originally illustrated by Pauline Baynes. The story has appeared with other works in compilations, including The Tolkien Reader, Poems and Stories, and Tales from the Perilous Realm.

Plot summary

The village of Wootton Major was well known around the countryside for its annual festivals, which were particularly famous for their culinary delights. The biggest festival of all was the Feast of Good Children. This festival was celebrated only once every twenty-four years: twenty-four children of the village were invited to a party, and the highlight of the party was the Great Cake, a career milestone by which Master Cooks were judged. In the year the story begins, the Master Cook was Nokes, who had landed the position more or less by default; he delegated much of the creative work to his apprentice Alf. Nokes crowned his Great Cake with a little doll jokingly representing the Queen of Faery. Various trinkets were hidden in the cake for the children to find; one of these was a star the Cook discovered in the old spice box.

The star was not found at the Feast, but was swallowed by a blacksmith's son. The boy did not feel its magical properties at once, but on the morning of his tenth birthday the star fixed itself on his forehead, and became his passport to Faery. The boy grew up to be a blacksmith like his father, but in his free time he roamed the Land of Faery. The star on his forehead protected him from many of the dangers threatening mortals in that land, and the Folk of Faery called him "Starbrow". The book describes his many travels in Faery, until at last he meets the true Queen of Faery. The identity of the King is also revealed.

The time came for another Feast of Good Children. Smith had possessed his gift for most of his life, and the time had come to pass it on to some other child. So he regretfully surrendered the star to Alf, and with it his adventures into Faery. King of Faery, who had become Master Cook long before, baked it into the festive cake once again for another child to find. After the feast, Alf retired and left the village; and Smith returned to his forge to teach his craft to his now-grown son.

Extended Edition

In 2005, an extended edition of Smith of Wootton Major was published, edited by Verlyn Flieger.[1]

In addition to editorial Notes and Commentary, the edition includes much material that was previously unpublished, including facsimiles of manuscripts and typescripts of previous versions, a Time Scheme, new essays (especially one dealing with the background of the story and the nature of Faerie) and notes by J.R.R. Tolkien, and a list of characters.[2]

On 26 February 2015, the extended edition was reissued by HarperCollins as a pocket hardcover, with an additional gallery displaying the illustrations redrawn by Pauline Baynes for appearance in the 1980 deluxe edition of Poems and Stories.[3]

Publication history and gallery

Earlier Editions
1967 edition  
1967 edition alternative cover  
1975 edition  
1990 edition hardcover  
1990 edition paperback  
Tree and Leaf, Smith of Wootton Major, The Homecoming of Beorhtnoth (1975)

An anthology collecting Tree and Leaf, Smith of Wootton Major, and The Homecoming of Beorhtnoth under the same cover.

1975 edition  
1975 edition
4th impression  
Smith of Wootton Major, Leaf by Niggle (1983)

An anthology collecting Smith of Wootton Major and Leaf by Niggle under the same cover.

1983 edition  
2005 Extended Edition, edited by Verlyn Flieger
2005 edition  
2015 pocket edition  

See also

External links

References

  1. "Smith of Wootton Major. 2005", TolkienBooks.net (accessed 2 March 2015)
  2. Mythus (Verlyn Flieger's website), as of 18 August 2010
  3. "New Book Releases" dated 26 February 2015, Tolkien Collector's Guide (accessed 2 March 2015)
Tales from the Perilous Realm
Farmer Giles of Ham · The Adventures of Tom Bombadil · Leaf by Niggle · Smith of Wootton Major
Roverandom (since 2008) · On Fairy-Stories (since 2008)