From Tolkien Gateway

The Days before days

All dates in this section are approximate. Calculated solar years for the Valian Years are rounded to the nearest year.[note 1]
Days before days
Valian Year Calculated Sun Years Event
Ainulindalë ; The Ainur enter .[1]
1–1499 1-14,363 The First War and the Marring of Arda.[1][2][3]
1500 14,373 Tulkas enters Arda and Melkor flees.[2][3]
1900 18,206 The completion of Arda. The Valar create the Two Lamps and settle at Almaren. Beginning of the Spring of Arda.[2][3]
3400 32,579 Tulkas weds Nessa. Melkor secretly returns to Arda, raises the Iron Mountains and delves Utumno. This partially blights the Spring of Arda.[2][3]
3450 33,058 Melkor overthrows the Two Lamps, forming the Seas of Helcar and Ringil. Almaren is destroyed. In order to preserve life on the earth, Yavanna sets most living things into a long sleep. End of the Spring of Arda.[2][3]
3450–3500 33,058-33,537 The Valar raise the Pelóri and settle in Aman. The Two Trees are grown in Valinor.[2][3]

The Years of the Trees

See: Timeline/Years of the Trees
All dates in this section are approximate. Calculated solar years for the Years of Trees are rounded to the nearest year.[note 1]
Years of the Trees
Y.T. Calculated Sun Years Event
1 1 Yavanna creates the Two Trees amidst the hill of Ezellohar in Valinor. With Telperion's first blooming, the new Count of Time begins.
1000 9582 The Valar hold council, for Melkor might rise once more in power. They discuss the Children of Ilúvatar. Varda fashions new stars and begins to organize them and those already wrought into constellations.
Sometime before the waking of the Elves, Aulë secretly creates the 7 Fathers of the Dwarves and their 6 spouses. Ilúvatar adopts them and they are put to sleep.
1050 10,061 Varda forms the Valacirca. The first 144 Elves (Minyar, Tatyar, and Nelyar) awake in Cuiviénen. The First Age begins.

The First Age

See: Timeline/First Age
The First Age began in Y.T. 1050 with the Awakening of the Elves. During the portion of the First Age that came before the rising of the Sun, time was still measured in the Years of the Trees. Following the rising of the Sun, a new system of reckoning time was implemented, and the following portion of the First Age is measured in the Years of the Sun.
First Age (Years of the Trees cont.)
Y.T. Calculated Sun Years Event
1050 10,061 Varda forms the Valacirca. The first 144 Elves (Minyar, Tatyar, and Nelyar) awake in Cuiviénen. The First Age begins.
1080 10,349 Spies of Melkor discover the Elves. It is possible that Orcs are first created here.
1085 10,396 Oromë discovers the Elves, and calls them the Eldar. The Eldar are afraid of Oromë and blame him for Melkor's work.
1090 10,444 The Valar make war on Melkor in the Battle of the Powers. Melkor is defeated and retreats into Utumno.
1099 10,530 The Battle of the Powers ends as the Valar storm the final defenses of Utumno. Tulkas captures Melkor.
1100 10,540 Melkor is brought back to Valinor, judged and cast into the Halls of Mandos for three Ages of the Valar (300 Valian Years).
1101 10,550 The Valar make council about the Children of Ilúvatar and decide to bring them to Valinor. Oromë extends this invitation to the Elves.
1102 10,559 Oromë invites three Elven ambassadors, Ingwë, Finwë and Elwë to come to Valinor with the hope that they can convince their people to come as well.
1105 10,588 First Sundering of the Elves at Cuiviénen. The Vanyar led by Ingwë, the Noldor led by Finwë and the Teleri led by Elwë and Olwë. The Avari stay in Cuiviénen.
The Eldar depart, pass Sea of Helcar and turn west.
1115 10,684 Second Sundering of the Elves: The Eldar host passes Greenwood the Great and comes to the River Anduin. Some Eldar, afterwards known as Lindar, wish to stay there. Terrified by the Hithaeglir, a part of them go south led by Lenwë.
1125 10,780 The Vanyar and Noldor enter Beleriand. Oromë goes to Aman.
1128 10,808 The unwilling Teleri come to Beleriand and dwell east of Gelion.
1130 10,828 Elwë meets Melian in Nan Elmoth. They fall into a trance.
1132 10,847 Ulmo brings an island to the Bay of Balar. The Vanyar and Noldor embark upon it while the Teleri stay in Beleriand to look for Elwë.
After learning of the departure of the Vanyar and Noldor, Olwë leads some Teleri to the western shores where they meet Ossë and Uinen.
1133 10,856 The Vanyar and Noldor enter Valinor and build Eldamar. The Valar open the rift Calacirya in Pelóri so that the Light of Valinor reaches Eldamar. The Elves begin the building of Tirion on the hill Túna inside Calacirya.
1140 10,923 The Vanyar and Noldor found Tirion.
1142 10,943 Yavanna gives the Noldor the White Tree.
1149 11,010 Círdan of the Falathrim establishes the havens of Brithombar and Eglarest. Ossë teaches them shipcraft.
1150 11,019 Olwë and the most part of the Teleri leave Beleriand on Tol Eressëa. The rest of the Teleri remain to search for Elwë.
1151 11,029 Ossë convinces Ulmo to halt Tol Eressëa outside the Bay of Eldamar. The Teleri who choose to remain on the island are afterwards named the Falmari.
1152 11,038 Elwë and Melian awaken from their trance. Elwë becomes the King of the Elves in Beleriand.
1161 11,125 The Teleri leave Tol Eressëa and come to Valinor.
1162 11,134 The Teleri found Alqualondë.
1165 11,163 The Vanyar depart from Tirion to live in Taniquetil.
1169 11,201 Birth of Fëanor, son of Finwë and Míriel. Rúmil of Tirion possibly writes the Ainulindalë.
1170 11,211 Death of Míriel Serindë.
1182 11,230 The Doom of Manwë is proclaimed. Finwë is allowed to marry again.
1185 11,355 Finwë weds Indis of the Vanyar.
1190 11,403 Birth of Fingolfin in Valinor.
1200 11,498 Second Age of the Chaining of Melkor.
1230 11,786 Birth of Finarfin in Valinor.
1250 11,978 Fëanor creates the Tengwar.
Dwarves enter Beleriand and meet the Sindar.
1300 12,457 Third Age of the Chaining of Melkor. The births of Turgon and Finrod in Valinor.
The Dwarves of Belegost and the Sindar begin the building of Menegroth. The Dwarves are paid with knowledge from Melian and with many pearls. Daeron creates the Certhas Daeron.
1330 12,744 Orcs are first seen in Beleriand.
1350 12,936 Denethor leads some of the Nandor west into Beleriand. They settle in Ossiriand.
1362 13,051 Birth of Galadriel in Valinor.
1400 13,415 Melkor is released from bondage.
1410 13,511 Melkor befriends the Noldor.
1450 13,894 Fëanor completes the Silmarils. He puts the Light of the Trees in them and Varda hallows them.
For the next 20 years, Melkor begins spreading strife.
1490 14,277 Finwë summons Fëanor to a council meeting, where he threatens Fingolfin with his sword. The Valar then exile Fëanor to Formenos.
1492 14,296 Melkor visits Fëanor in Formenos, but he repels him. Finwë then warns the Valar, who pursue Melkor. Melkor flees and finds Ungoliant.
1495 14,325 Fëanor is summoned by Manwë to Taniquetil where he and Fingolfin reconcile. Ungoliant destroys the Two Trees. Melkor kills Finwë in Formenos and steals the Silmarils. Fëanor names him Morgoth. He and his sons swear the Oath of Fëanor. They begin a rebellion of the Noldor against the Valar and go to Alqualondë where they slay the Teleri and steal their swanships.
Melkor and Ungoliant flee to Beleriand. Melkor calls Balrogs to his aid and they drive Ungoliant away. Melkor stays in Angband.
1496 14,335 Mandos appears before the Noldor and speaks the Doom of Mandos. Finarfin and some of his people return to Valinor. Finrod becomes the leader of his father's remaining people.
1497 14,344 The First Battle of Beleriand. Death of Denethor. Besiegement of the Havens of the Falas. Thingol withdraws his people and Melian sets the Girdle of Melian around Doriath.

The Noldor arrive at the Helcaraxë. Fëanor and his people betray Fingolfin and sail to Beleriand. Burning of the ships at Losgar. The Dagor-nuin-Giliath ("Battle-under-Stars"). Gothmog mortally wounds Fëanor, who is rescued by his sons before dying near Thangorodrim. Maedhros is captured.

1498 14,354 Maedhros is chained to the Thangorodrim. The Noldor make camp at Mithrim.
1500 14,373 The Creation of the Moon and the Sun. The host of the Noldor, led by Fingolfin, finishes crossing the Helcaraxë and enters Beleriand. The Battle of the Lammoth takes place. The Moon rises seven times, after which the Sun follows.

Years of the Sun

The First Age

First Age cont. (Years of the Sun)
F.A. Event
1 The Moon first rises, followed by the Sun. From now, the First Age is measured in the Years of the Sun.
Awakening of Men in Hildórien.
Fingolfin and his followers cross the Helcaraxë into and reach the gates of Angband.
Fingolfin and his host fight the Battle of the Lammoth.
2 The host of Fingolfin camps beside Lake Mithrim
Morgoth releases poisonous vapors, which darken the sky.
5 Fingon rescues Maedhros from Thangorodrim.
6 Thingol grants permission for the House of Finarfin to enter Doriath, and for the Noldor to occupy the Northlands.
7 Maedhros relinquishes his claim to the throne. The Sons of Fëanor relocate to East Beleriand.
Fingolfin becomes High King of the Noldor in Beleriand.
20 The Feast of Mereth Aderthad. Mablung of the heavy hand and Daeron attend.
50 Ulmo grants visions of hidden places to Finrod and Turgon.
52 Finrod discovers the Nulukkizdîn‎ and they begin to construct Nargothrond.
53 Turgon discovers the hidden valley of Tumladen.
60 The Dagor Aglareb ("The Glorious Battle") is fought and the Siege of Angband begins.
Finrod constructs Minas Tirith.
64 Turgon relocates his people from Nevrast to Tumladen. They begin to construct the city of Gondolin.
67 Thingol learns of the Kinslaying at Alqualondë. Thingol forbids Quenya to be spoken in Beleriand.
102 Nargothrond completed.
116 Gondolin completed.
155 Orcs attack from Lammoth but are defeated.
260 Glaurung is defeated in Ard-galen. The Long Peace begins.
262 Birth of Bëor.
282 Birth of Marach.
310 Men of the House of Bëor enter Beleriand and are discovered by Finrod.
311 Finrod returns to Nargothrond with Bëor. Baran leads the House of Bëor.
312 The Haladin and the Drúedain enter Beleriand.
313 Marach enters Beleriand.
316 Aredhel leaves Gondolin and weds Eöl.
320 Birth of Maeglin.
341 Births of Haleth, and Haldar.
355 Death of Bëor.
369 Bereg leads a thousand people southwards.
375 The Battle of the Gelion-Ascar Stockade. Deaths of Haldad and Haldar.
376 Death of Marach.
390 Births of Hador
393 Birth of Bregolas.
400 Aredhel and Maeglin return to Gondolin and are secretly followed by Eöl. Aredhel is killed and Eöl is then executed. Maeglin remains in Gondolin.
Birth of Barahir.
402 Battle of the Aglon Pass.
405 Hador enters the service of Fingolfin.
410 Ladros is given to the House of Bëor.
416 The House of Hador is given the lands of Dor-lómin to dwell in.
417 Birth of Galdor.
420 Death of Haleth. Hador dwells in Hithlum.
422 Forest of Brethil given to the House of Haleth.
432 Birth of Beren Erchamion.
441 Birth of Húrin.
443 Birth of Morwen.
444 Birth of Huor.
455 Morgoth breaks the Siege of Angband. The Dagor Bragollach ("Battle of Sudden Flame"). Deaths of Angrod, Aegnor, Hador, Gundor, and Bregolas. Fingolfin challenges Morgoth to single combat. Death of Fingolfin. Fingon becomes High King of the Noldor.
456 Emeldir, wife of Barahir, leads their people out of Dorthonion to Brethil.
457 Sauron captures Minas Tirith. Barahir and his outlaws hide in Dorthonion. A company of Orcs defeated in the Forest of Brethil.
458 Húrin and Huor are brought by Thorondor to Gondolin.
459 Húrin and Huor leave Gondolin.
460 Deaths of Barahir, Belegund, Baragund, and all the outlaws except Beren Erchamion.
462 Death of Galdor. Orcs invade Beleriand.
463 The Easterlings swear false loyalty to Maedhros.
464 Beren leaves Dorthonion and meets Lúthien in the forest of Doriath.
Birth of Túrin.
465 The Quest for the Silmaril. Death of Finrod.
Birth of Brandir.
466 Beren and Lúthien take one Silmaril from Morgoth. Beren loses his hand to Carcharoth. The Hunting of the Wolf. The first death of Beren Erchamion.
467 The first death of Lúthien. Lúthien sings before Mandos, who releases both her and Beren from the Halls of Mandos.
469 Orcs driven from Beleriand. Beren and Lúthien return to Middle-earth.
470 Birth of Dior.
472 The Nirnaeth Arnoediad ("Battle of Unnumbered Tears"). Deaths of Fingon, Huor, Azaghâl, Haldir and Rían. Húrin is taken captive to Angband. Turgon becomes High King of the Noldor.
The Year of Lamentation. Birth of Tuor.
473 Birth of Nienor. Túrin sent to Doriath. Fall of the Falas. Gil-galad and Círdan flee to the Isle of Balar. Havens of Sirion constructed.
484 Death of Saeros. Túrin leaves Doriath.
486 Túrin and the outlaws encounter Mîm and make their home on Amon Rûdh as the House of Ransom.
488 Tuor enslaved.
489 Beleg joins Túrin on Amon Rûdh. Mîm betrays them to Orcs and Túrin is captured. Death of Beleg.
490 Gwindor leads Túrin to Nargothrond. Túrin becomes captain of Nargothrond.
491 Tuor escapes and becomes an outlaw.
494 Morwen and Nienor flee to Doriath.
495 Battle of the Crossings of the Taeglin. Battle of Tumhalad. Tuor comes to Nevrast. Sack of Nargothrond by Glaurung. Deaths of Finduilas, Orodreth and Gwindor.
496 Túrin comes to Brethil.
Tuor comes to Gondolin.
Morwen Eledhwen and Nienor leave Doriath seeking Túrin. Nienor loses her memory, is found by the Men of Brethil, and given the name Níniel.
499 Túrin defeats Glaurung. Deaths of Brandir, Hunthor, Nienor and Túrin.
500 Eluréd and Elurín born. Release of Húrin.
501 Húrin comes to Doriath. Death of Morwen.
502 Húrin gives the Nauglamír to Thingol and Melian. Deaths of Húrin and Mîm. The Dwarves of Nogrod are commissioned to set the Silmaril in the Nauglamír. Tuor weds Idril in Gondolin.
503 Births of Eärendil and Elwing. Death of Thingol. Melian returns to Valinor. The Battle of the Thousand Caves. The Battle of Sarn Athrad. Death of Mablung of the heavy hand. Lúthien wears the Silmaril. Dior and his family come to Menegroth. Final deaths of Beren and Lúthien.
Dior receives the Nauglamír and Silmaril.
504 With the power of the Silmaril, King Dior finally restores the former glory of Doriath. He now publicly wears the Nauglamír and the Silmaril.
506 The Second Kinslaying at Menegroth and the Ruin of Doriath.
Deaths of Dior, Nimloth, Celegorm, Curufin, and Caranthir. Eluréd and Elurín are abandoned in the wintry forest to die.
507 Elwing comes to the Havens of Sirion with the Silmaril.
509 Maeglin captured and tortured by Morgoth.
510 The Fall of Gondolin. Deaths of Turgon, Ecthelion, Glorfindel, Maeglin, and Gothmog.
Ereinion Gil-galad becomes High King of the Noldor.
525 Eärendil weds Elwing. Tuor and Idril depart for Valinor.
532 Births of Elrond and Elros.
538 Third Kinslaying at the Havens of Sirion. Deaths of Amrod and Amras. Elrond and Elros are taken captive by Maglor. Elwing escapes with the Silmaril into the Sea. Ulmo gives her the form of a white bird and she reunites with Eärendil aboard Vingilot.
540 Morgoth controls all of Beleriand.
542 Eärendil and Elwing come to Valinor and rally a great host.
545 The Host of Valinor lands in Beleriand.
587 The Destruction of Beleriand. Deaths of Ancalagon and Maedhros.
590 Morgoth is thrust from Arda. The Host of Valinor departs Middle-earth.

Work in Progress

The Second Age

See: Timeline/Second Age
The Second Age
S.A. Event
1 Foundation of the Grey Havens, and of Lindon.
32 The Edain, and a few Drúedain, reach Númenor. Elros Tar-Minyatur becomes the first King of Númenor.
c. 40 Dwarves of the Firebeards and Broadbeams clans migrate to Khazad-dûm from the Blue Mountains.
c. 82 The emigration of the Edain to Númenor ends
300 Probable birth of Celebrían, daughter of Galadriel and Celeborn.
442 Death of King Elros Tar-Minyatur. Vardamir Nólimon becomes the second King of Númenor.
443 . Vardamir Nólimon immediately abdicates, Tar-Amandil becomes the third King of Númenor.
c. 500 Sauron returns to Middle-earth in the East.
521 Birth of Silmariën.
543 Birth of Meneldur, fifth King of Númenor.
590 Tar-Amandil surrenders the Sceptre. Tar-Elendil becomes the fourth King of Númenor.
600 Vëantur makes the first Númenórean voyage back to Middle-earth. The Númenóreans meet Men of Eriador at the Tower Hills.
603 Death of Tar-Amandil, third King of Númenor.
630 Birth of Valandil, first Lord of Andúnië.
700 Birth of Aldarion, sixth King of Númenor.
725 Aldarion makes his first journey to Mithlond with Vëantur.
727 Aldarion and Vëantur return to Númenor.
735 Aldarion makes his third journey to Middle-earth, visiting the coasts of the Bay of Belfalas.
739 Aldarion returns to Númenor, bearing gifts from Gil-galad to his father Meneldur.
740 Tar-Elendil surrenders the Sceptre. Tar-Meneldur becomes the fifth King of Númenor.
750 Eregion is founded and construction on Ost-in-Edhil begins.
Aldarion founds the Guild of Venturers.
751 Death of Tar-Elendil, fourth King of Númenor.
771 Birth of Erendis.
806 Aldarion's seven-year voyage.
816 Palarran completed. Aldarion's four-year voyage.
829 Aldarion returns and immediately sets out upon his fourteen-year voyage.
870 Wedding of Aldarion and Erendis.
873 Birth of Ancalimë.
882 Aldarion returns. Separation of Aldarion and Erendis.
883 Tar-Aldarion takes the Sceptre.
892 Ancalimë proclaimed King's Heir and changes law of marriage.
985 Drowning of Erendis.
1000 Sauron begins construction on Barad-dûr.
1075 Tar-Ancalimë takes the Sceptre.
1200 Annatar comes to Lindon and Ereinion Gil-galad turns him away. Númenóreans begin to construct permanent havens.
1280 Tar-Anárion takes the Sceptre.
1394 Tar-Súrion takes the Sceptre.
1500 The Rings of Power are forged; Annatar departs Eregion as Sauron.
1556 Tar-Telperiën takes the Sceptre.
1590 The Three Rings are forged.
1600 The One Ring is forged; Barad-dûr completed; Sauron openly proclaims himself. Glorfindel, Rómestámo, and Morinehtar come to Middle-earth.
1693 The Three Rings are hidden. War of the Elves and Sauron begins.
1697 Sack of Eregion. Death of Celebrimbor. Rivendell founded. Dwarves assail Sauron from behind. Khazad-dûm closes.
1700 Defeat of Sauron by the Númenóreans under King's Heir Minastir.
1701 Sauron driven from Eriador and flees to Mordor. First White Council held.
1731 Death of Tar-Telperiën. Tar-Minastir takes the Sceptre.
1800 Lond Daer Enedh constructed.
1869 Tar-Ciryatan takes the Sceptre.
2029 Tar-Atanamir takes the Sceptre.
2221 Death of Tar-Atanamir. Tar-Ancalimon takes the Sceptre.
2251 Elven tongue is forsworn in Númenor by the King's Men. The Nazgûl appear.
2350 Pelargir is built. It becomes the chief haven of the Faithful Númenóreans.
2386 Death of Tar-Ancalimon. Tar-Telemmaitë takes the Sceptre.
2526 Death of Tar-Telemmaitë. Tar-Vanimeldë takes the Sceptre.
2637 Death of Tar-Vanimeldë. Herucalmo as Tar-Anducal seizes the Sceptre.
2657 Death of Tar-Anducal. Tar-Alcarin takes the Sceptre.
2737 Death of Tar-Alcarin. Ar-Belzagar takes the Sceptre.
2825 Death of Ar-Belzagar. Ardamin as Ar-Abattârik takes the Sceptre.
2899 Death of Ar-Abattârik. Ar-Adûnakhôr takes the Sceptre.
2962 Death of Ar-Adûnakhôr. Ar-Zimrathôn takes the Sceptre.
3033 Death of Ar-Zimrathôn. Ar-Sakalthôr takes the Sceptre.
3102 Death of Ar-Sakalthôr. Ar-Gimilzôr takes the Sceptre.
3117 Birth of Míriel. Elves no longer permitted entrance to Númenor. Elven tongue forbidden in Númenor.
3118 Birth of Pharazôn.
3119 Birth of Elendil.
3177 Death of Ar-Gimilzôr. Tar-Palantir takes the Sceptre. Civil War in Númenor. Prophecy of the White Tree given.
3209 Birth of Isildur.
3219 Birth of Anárion.
3255 Death of Tar-Palantir. Ar-Pharazôn seizes the Sceptre.
3262 Sauron taken to Númenor as a prisoner.
3316 Amandil sails to Aman.
3319 Downfall of Númenor. Changing of the World. Deaths of Ar-Pharazôn and Míriel. Sauron flees back to Middle-earth
3320 Arnor and Gondor founded.
3429 Sauron takes Minas Ithil.
3431 Last Alliance marches to Imladris.
3434 Last Alliance march to Mordor, Battle of Dagorlad. Siege of Barad-dûr. Deaths of Amdír and Oropher.
3440 Death of Anárion.
3441 Deaths of Ereinion Gil-galad and Elendil. Defeat of Sauron. Isildur takes The One Ring.

The Third Age

See: Timeline/Third Age

The Fourth Age

See: Timeline/Fourth Age

See also


  1. 1.0 1.1 One Valian Year is equal to 9.582 solar years.