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In Gnomish, one of Tolkien's early conceptions of an Elven language, the word for "magic" is curu; "enchantments, sorcery" is curuthli; "wizard" is curug, "witch" curus; and "witchcraft" curusôn. tahirin means "magic" (adjective; Qenya sairina); thairiniol or -inwed means "magical". thothri means "black magic", and thothriol means "wizardrous".[1]

[For black arts, sorcery, see J.R.R. Tolkien, "Words, Phrases and Passages in Various Tongues in The Lord of the Rings", in Parma Eldalamberon XVII (edited by Christopher Gilson), p. 125]


  1. J.R.R. Tolkien, "I-Lam na-Ngoldathon: The Grammar and Lexicon of the Gnomish Tongue", in Parma Eldalamberon XI (edited by Christopher Gilson, Arden R. Smith, and Patrick H. Wynne), pp. 28, 72-3