Yule was the Northern Mannish name of the midwinter festival, observed around the Westlands. The days around Yule were the Yule-tide.
In the Shire Calendar, Yule referred to two days (the last of the previous and the first of the new year). Due to a peculiarity of the Calendar, the 2 Yuledays were "between" and outside the formal months of Foreyule and Afteryule. They always fell on the same days of the week: the last day of the year, 1 Yule, was always a Highday (Friday), while the first day of the following year, 2 Yule, was always a Sterday (Saturday).[note 1]
Around them, the six-day festival of Yuletide was held, running from 29 Foreyule through 2 Afteryule.
- "Very best wishes for Yule - J. R. R. Tolkien"
- ― Tolkien to Richard Jeffery in Letter 347, (dated 17 December 1972)
Yule represents a "translation" of a Hobbitish word, but the word itself doesn't occur in Westron.
However it's possible that it derives from a form of Northern Mannish and later used in Rohanese. Since Gondorians of the Third Age were in part Northmen, the word was recognisable as a 'northern name' for the midwinter festival.
A Quenya word for "Yule and the beginning of Sun's return" was Amanar.
Other versions of the legendarium
- Main article: Turuhalmë
In Gnomish, one of Tolkien's early conceptions of an Elven language, the word for "Yule(night), i.e. Log-night" is durufui. Tanfui means "Yule night".
- ↑ On a modern calendar, they fell approximately on 21 and 22 December.
- ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix D, "The Shire Calendar"
- ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix D, "The Calendars"
- ↑ 3.0 3.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, "Nomenclature of The Lord of the Rings" in Wayne G. Hammond and Christina Scull (eds), The Lord of the Rings: A Reader's Companion, p. 781
- ↑ Letter to Jonathan Hepworth (referenced here)
- ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien, "I-Lam na-Ngoldathon: The Grammar and Lexicon of the Gnomish Tongue", in Parma Eldalamberon XI (edited by Christopher Gilson, Arden R. Smith, and Patrick H. Wynne), pp. 31, 69