Dor-Cúarthol

From Tolkien Gateway
This article is about the country. For the chapter of the same name, see The Land of Bow and Helm.
Maria Awsejkowa - Two Captains - Guardians of Amon Rudh.jpg
Dor-Cúarthol
General information
LocationBetween the Taeglin, the west march of Doriath, the Fens of Sirion, and possibly the Narog and the Andram.
CapitalEchad i Sedryn
Major townsMethed-en-glad
Bar-erib
RegionsTalath Dirnen (shared with Nargothrond)
Land around Amon Rûdh
People
PopulationElves and Men
LanguageSindarin and Taliska
GovernanceTwo Captains[1]
History
FoundedF.A. 487
DestroyedF.A. 489
GalleryImages of Dor-Cúarthol
"For Túrin now gave the name of Dor-Cúarthol to all the land between Teiglin and the west march of Doriath; and claiming the lordship of it he named himself anew, Gorthol, the Dread Helm; and his heart was high."
The Children of Húrin, "The Land of Bow and Helm"

Dor-Cúarthol (Land of Bow and Helm) was the name given to the country ruled by Túrin and Beleg from their lair atop Amon Rûdh.[2] The country was situated "between Teiglin and the west march of Doriath" and likely the Narog and Andram. The name comes from Beleg's great bow and Túrin's ancestral helm.[3]

History[edit]

Built within Amon Rûdh was the home of the last Petty-dwarves, Mîm and his sons Ibun and Khîm. When Túrin and the outlaws known as the Gaurwaith encountered Mîm in the wild they captured him, but Mîm ransomed his home to the Gaurwaith for his life. One day in the midst of winter, Beleg of Doriath, having been seeking out his old friend, brought to him the Helm of his ancestors, and joined the outlaws. That spring, Túrin took up his helm and went among his company in hunting down Orcs and even though they outnumbered the Gaurwaith greatly, the valour of Túrin and the bowmanship of Beleg made them seem like a host.[4]

The deeds of the company was soon heard all throughout Beleriand, in Menegroth and even Gondolin, declaring that "the Helm and Bow that had fallen in Dimbar had arisen again beyond hope".[3] Many leaderless and dispossessed wanderers took heart and came to seek them and Túrin gladly received them, though Beleg suggested that he not permit any one to enter into Amon Rûdh, now renamed as Echad i Sedryn, which only the Old Company of the Gaurwaith and the Petty-dwarves could enter. Thus, many guarded camps and forts were established around Amon Rûdh from the eastern forest to the highlands and the southern reaches. The most prominent of these settlements were known as Methed-en-glad and Bar-erib.[4]

The Land of Bow and Helm by Alan Lee

Soon after, the following of Túrin became a great force to be reckoned with resulting in Morgoth pulling back and making feint attacks instead. The knowledge of this feat reached even as far as Nargothrond, causing Orodreth to send messengers to offer the Two Captains any aid other than in arms if they should feel so inclined.[4]

Upon his success against Angband, Túrin named the land between the Taeglin and Doriath as Dor-Cúarthol, taking on the name, Gorthol and claiming the lordship of the land for himself.[3]

The realm of Dor-Cúarthol lasted for two more years, barring the southward road from the forces of Angband,[4] but it was not to last. For the fame of the Two Captains had reached Angband, and perceiving that "Gorthol" was indeed Túrin, the son of Húrin, and fearing that he would overcome his doom, Morgoth sent his most skilled spies to watch the lands around the hill, but not making any move against it. Yet the presence of the Orcs was known to Mîm, who went out foraging for wild roots with his son, Ibun. However, his true intention was to betray Dor-Cúarthol to the Orc-captain so as to rid Amon Rûdh of the Old Company[note 1] With the Orcs insisting on taking Ibun hostage, Mîm led them to the Echad within Amon Rûdh and the Orcs sacked it. Thus, Dor-Cúarthol was no more, for Beleg was left for dead, Túrin was made a captive,[4] and of the Gaurwaith, only Andvír, the son of Andróg, survived.[note 2][5]

Etymology[edit]

Dor-Cúarthol is Sindarin for "Land of Bow and Helm",[6] from dôr ("land") + ("bow") + a ("and") + thôl ("helm").[7]

Notes

  1. In The Silmarillion it is said that Mîm did not deliberately seek out the Orcs to betray the Gaurwaith, but betrayed them due to the threat of torture to his captive son, Ibun (cf. asterisk in The Land of Bow and Helm).
  2. Andvír is not mentioned in The Children of Húrin nor in any other version of the story. He only appeared within an introductory note where he was the source of Dírhaval's information on the Gaurwaith. This note was excluded from the published book.

References

  1. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Children of Húrin, "The Land of Bow and Helm", pp. 145-146
  2. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Children of Húrin, Index, entry "Dor-Cúarthol"
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Quenta Silmarillion: Of Túrin Turambar"
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Children of Húrin, "The Land of Bow and Helm", pp. 141-150
  5. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The War of the Jewels, "Part Three. The Wanderings of Húrin and Other Writings not forming part of the Quenta Silmarillion: II. Ælfwine and Dírhaval", note 2, pp. 311, 315
  6. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Index of Names", entry "Dor-Cúarthol"
  7. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Appendix: Elements in Quenya and Sindarin Names", entries , thôl