Tolkien Gateway

atar

atar (pl. atari) is a Quenya word meaning "father".[1]

[edit] Etymology

[edit] Other forms

  • atarinya = "my father"[4]
  • ataremma = "Our father"
  • ataren (dative) = "To father"[5]

[edit] See also

[edit] Cognates

[edit] Inspiration

Atar can be compared to Greek/Latin pater.

In Gothic and Celtic branches the Indoeuropean initial p- was lost thence we have forms similar to atar, like Irish athair (from Proto-Celtic *ɸatīr) and Gothic atta.

Note also Turkish atto.

References

  1. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Appendix: Elements in Quenya and Sindarin Names", atar
  2. J.R.R. Tolkien, "Qenya Noun Structure", in Parma Eldalamberon XXI (edited by Christopher Gilson, Patrick H. Wynne and Arden R. Smith), pp. 71, 74-77, 83
  3. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Lost Road and Other Writings, Part Three: "The Etymologies", entry "ATA"
  4. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Lost Road and Other Writings, "Part One: III. The Lost Road, (ii) The Númenórean chapters", p. 70
  5. J.R.R. Tolkien, "'Words of Joy': Five Catholic Prayers in Quenya — Part One" (edited by Patrick H. Wynne, Arden R. Smith, and Carl F. Hostetter), in Vinyar Tengwar, Number 43, January 2002, p. 8