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Robert E. Howard

Robert E. Howard (22 January 1906 – 11 June 1936) was an American author, famous for his stories about Conan the Barbarian and for creating the genre sword and sorcery.

In July 1964, L. Sprague de Camp had sent J.R.R. Tolkien a copy of his anthology Swords & Sorcery, which included Howard's short story "Shadows in the Moonlight". Tolkien sent a letter to de Camp in August 1964, expressing mixed opinions about the stories in the anthology.[1] In February 1967, when de Camp and Alan E. Nourse visited Tolkien for an interview, he "indicated that he 'rather liked' Howard's Conan stories".[2][3][4]

In 1969, Howard's "The Valley of the Worm" appeared alongside two of Tolkien's poems in the anthology Young Magicians (edited by Lin Carter).

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  1. Wayne G. Hammond and Christina Scull (2006), The J.R.R. Tolkien Companion and Guide: I. Chronology, p. 622
  2. L. Sprague de Camp, Literary Swordsmen and Sorcerers, pp. 243-4
  3. Dale Nelson, "Howard, Robert E. (1906-36)", in J.R.R. Tolkien Encyclopedia (Michael D.C. Drout, ed.), p.287
  4. Wayne G. Hammond and Christina Scull (2006), The J.R.R. Tolkien Companion and Guide: I. Chronology, p. 688