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Tar-Atanamir

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Tar-Atanamir
Númenórean
Biographical Information
Other names"The Great", "The Unwilling"
TitlesKing of Númenor
LocationNúmenor
LanguageAdûnaic, Sindarin and Quenya
BirthS.A. 1800
RuleS.A. 2029 - 2221 (192 years)
DeathS.A. 2221 (aged 421)
Family
HouseHouse of Elros
ParentageTar-Ciryatan
ChildrenTar-Ancalimon, unnamed child - ancestor of Herucalmo
Physical Description
GenderMale
Tar-Atanamir (Q "Jewel of Man", pron. [aˈtanamir]) was the thirteenth King of Númenor.

[edit] History

Tar-Atanamir succeeded his father, Tar-Ciryatan, and ruled for 192 years, from S.A. 2029 until his death, being the first King to rule for life.

During his reign the Eldar reported to the Valar that the Númenóreans were beginning to speak against the Ban of the Valar. Aggrieved, Manwë sent messengers to Tar-Atanamir. They explained that even if the Númenóreans could find the way to Aman it would not undo their doom. Tar-Atanamir brought up the matter of his ancestor Eärendil who still lived in the sky, but according to the messengers his was a fate apart. Atanamir was unsatisfied that he and his people must abide the will of Eru.[1]

He was one of Númenor's most famous and powerful Kings but also one of its proudest and most greedy. He exacted tribute from the Men of Middle-earth, and was the first to speak openly against the Ban of the Valar[2] (though he did not dare to actually defy the Ban). His reign is thus generally considered to constitute the zenith of Númenor's bliss, but also moral decline.

He was known as "the Great", and also "the Unwilling", because he was the first King of Númenor that refused to give up his life and the Sceptre to his heir.[3] He lived on into old age and senility[3] Thus he begun a new tradition as every of his successors (with the notable exception of Tar-Palantir) did not relinquish his reign until death.

He was succeeded by his son, Tar-Ancalimon.[2] Herucalmo, the husband of Tar-Vanimeldë, also was descended from Tar-Atanamir.[4]

[edit] Genealogy

Tar-Minastir
 
 
 
 
Tar-Ciryatan
 
 
 
 
TAR-ATANAMIR
 
 
 
 
Tar-Ancalimon

[edit] Other Versions of the Legendarium

In the Tale of Years, it said in S.A. 2251 "Tar-Atanamir takes the sceptre", however, Atanamir died in 2221. 2221 is itself an emendation of 2251, and the former (2221) appears in the later tables, while the latter (2251) in the earlier tables: therefore 2251 (properly 2221) should have read "Death of Tar-Atanamir. Tar-Ancalimon takes the sceptre".[5]

[edit] References

  1. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Akallabêth: The Downfall of Númenor"
  2. 2.0 2.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix A, "The Númenorean Kings", "Númenor"
  3. 3.0 3.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "The Line of Elros: Kings of Númenor", Tar-Atanamir
  4. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "The Line of Elros: Kings of Númenor", Tar-Vanimeldë
  5. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "The Line of Elros: Kings of Númenor", Note 10
Tar-Atanamir
House of Elros
Born: S.A. 1800 Died: S.A. 2221
Preceded by:
Tar-Ciryatan
13th King of Númenor
S.A. 2029 - 2221
Followed by:
Tar-Ancalimon