From Tolkien Gateway
AR is an Elvish root meaning "beyond, further than".
- Root ARI/ARAN/ARAT
- Quenya ar
- Sindarin ar-
Other versions of the legendarium
In the Etymologies there are two homophonus roots: AR1 is a root which signifies "day" and it seems to have been redefined by Tolkien (cf. AS); the root AR2 has no exact signification although its derivatives relate to "outsideness"; the general sense seems to be somewhat retained for the root AR as given in Eldarin Roots and Stems).
- ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien, "Words, Phrases and Passages in Various Tongues in The Lord of the Rings: Eldarin Roots and Stems", in Parma Eldalamberon XVII (edited by Christopher Gilson), p. 147
- ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Appendix: Elements in Quenya and Sindarin Names", entry ar- ("outside, beside")
- ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Lost Road and Other Writings, Part Three: "The Etymologies", p. 348