Elias Lönnrot

From Tolkien Gateway

Elias Lönnrot (9 April 1802 – 19 March 1884) was a Finnish philologist and collector of traditional Finnish oral poetry. He is best known for composing the Kalevala, the Finnish national epic compiled from national folklore, which had a great impact on J.R.R. Tolkien[1].

In a 2007 article[2], Jason Fisher makes a comparison between Christopher Tolkien and Lönnrot, from the aspect that both "smoothed out complex, irregular source material into a coherent text"[3].


  1. J.R.R. Tolkien; Verlyn Flieger (ed.), "'The Story of Kullervo' and Essays on Kalevala", in Tolkien Studies: Volume 7, pp. 211
  2. Jason Fisher, "From Mythopoeia to Mythography: Tolkien, Lönnrot, And Jerome", in The Silmarillion: Thirty Years On. Ed. Allan Turner. Zollikofen: Walking Tree Publishers, 2007. 111–38, pp. 121–2
  3. David Bratman, "The Year's Work in Tolkien Studies 2007", in Tolkien Studies: Volume 7 (2010): 347–78, p. 359

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