From Tolkien Gateway

noa is Quenya word. Tolkien reversed its meaning over the years: (1) one manuscript has "ekuva nin kare sa noa", translated as "I 'may' do that tomorrow", where noa is "tomorrow"; (2) another manuscript gives noa yesterday, from the expression noa rē ("former day").[1]

Helge Fauskanger has suggested that the form noa, analyzed "basically an adjective" (with the meaning "former" or "yesterday") could be valid Neo-Quenya.[2]



  1. ↑ 1.0 1.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, "Eldarin Hands, Fingers & Numerals and Related Writings — Part Three" (edited by Patrick H. Wynne), in Vinyar Tengwar, Number 49, June 2007, p. 34 (note 23)
  2. ↑ Helge Fauskanger, "English-Quenya Wordlist (Quettaparma Quenyanna)" at Ardalambion (accessed 25 June 2011)