From Tolkien Gateway
The name Pen refers to more than one character, item or concept. For a list of other meanings, see Pen (disambiguation).

PED is a Common Eldarin root signifying "fall in steep slant, incline, slope, slant down".[1][2]

Derivatives[edit | edit source]

Other versions[edit | edit source]

In the Etymologies appears the Primitive Quendian root PEN, PÉNED. Among its derivatives are:[3]

  • Quenya: pende ("slope, downslope, declivity")
  • Noldorin: penn, pend; am-benn[4] ("uphill"); dadbenn ("downhill, inclined, prone (to do)"[4])

See also[edit | edit source]


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 J.R.R. Tolkien, "Words, Phrases and Passages in Various Tongues in The Lord of the Rings", in Parma Eldalamberon XVII (edited by Christopher Gilson), pp. 171, 173 (root appearing as "√PED-")
  2. 2.0 2.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The War of the Jewels, "Part Four. Quendi and Eldar: B. Meanings and use of the various terms applied to the Elves and their varieties in Quenya, Telerin, and Sindarin", p. 375 (root appearing as "*PED")
  3. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Lost Road and Other Writings, Part Three: "The Etymologies", p. 380 (root appearing as "PEN-, PÉNED-")
  4. 4.0 4.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, "Addenda and Corrigenda to the Etymologies — Part Two" (edited by Carl F. Hostetter and Patrick H. Wynne), in Vinyar Tengwar, Number 46, July 2004, p. 8