From Tolkien Gateway
Catherine Chmiel - Turin and Labadal.jpg
"Turin and Labadal" by Catherine Karina Chmiel
Biographical Information
Other namesLabadal (S, "hopafoot"), Onefoot, Sadog
PositionWoodman, servant
AffiliationHouse of Húrin
LanguageDrúadan language, Sindarin
DeathF.A. 496
Physical Description
"An honest hand and a true heart may hew amiss; and the harm may be harder to bear than the work of a foe."
Húrin about Sador in The Children of Húrin, "The Childhood of Túrin"

Sador was an woodwright and serving-man of Húrin in Dor-lómin and the friend of Túrin in his childhood.


Sador was one of the Drúedain who lived within the household of Húrin.[note 1][1] During the time of the Dagor Bragollach, Sador was called upon from his tasks in the woods to fight, but he came too late to the battle field however, only being able to bring back the fallen Hador.[2]

Afterwards, Sador took up the occupation of a soldier, thus being stationed at Eithel Sirion for many years with little to mark them. He was there in the year F.A. 462 when Galdor fell and Húrin took up his command, leading them to drive the Orcs back, never coming within sight of Eithel Sirion again. Sometime later, Sador grew tired of war, and obtained leave to return to the woods that he yearned for, becoming a woodman. Yet tragedy struck when, by ill-luck, he mishandled his axe and accidentally severed his right foot, after which, Sador obtained a crutch and his footless leg had shrunken from a lack of use.[2]

In the years that followed, Sador became "a house-man in the service of Húrin", working in the outbuildings and fixing things, usually of little importance, that were needed in the house, as he still "had some skill in the working of wood". During his time within Húrin's household, Sador was befriended by young Túrin, the eldest of the children of Húrin, who would often help Sador by fetching materials and tools to spare him from walking. Sometimes Túrin would bring gifts for him to use that he "found" lying around unwatched. As a result, Sador would smile and tell the boy to return them to their proper place, and taught him that he should "Give with a free hand, but give only your own". Despite this, Sador often rewarded Túrin's kindness, carving for him the figures of men and beasts, although it was Sador's tales that Túrin delighted in the most.[2]

Sador was wise when sharing his tales with Túrin, incorporating many insights about life.[2] When telling Túrin of his time as a soldier, he believed that he could have gotten his injury with more honor during the Dagor Bragollach, and remembered how fiery Húrin was at Eithel Sirion. He then reflected to Túrin that "a man that flies from his fear may find that he has only taken a short cut to meet it", as he had fled war only to get an injury during an accident.[2]

As Túrin grew older, Sador began to find many of his questions difficult to answer.[2]

On Túrin's birthday, his father gave him an Elven knife of great worth. Túrin pitied Sador and decided to give the gift to him. Sador accepted the gift as it would be rude not to, but he knew he would be unable to repay Túrin for such a gift.

Túrin's mother, Morwen, did not care for Sador and called him "self-maimed by his own want of skill, and he is slow with his tasks, for he spends much time on trifles unbidden." But Túrin noted that his act of generosity resulted in Sador being treated more kindly. At this time Sador set out to carve a great throne for the hall of Húrin.[3]

After Túrin departed, Sador remained in the house of Morwen, though he wished he may have joined the battle to die a valiant death. Upon Túrin's return from Nargothrond, Sador joined in the rebellion against the Easterlings who had taken over the land. He was then wounded and perished.[4]


Give with a free hand, but give only your own.[2]

A man who flies from his fear may find that he has only taken a shortcut to meet it.[2]

False hopes are more dangerous than fears.[5]

So most men teach, and few men learn.[5]

Let the unseen days be. Today is more than enough.[5]


sador is a Sindarin word which translates to "steadfast, trusty, loyal".[6]

Other names[edit]

Sador had several names including:

  • Labadal, Sindarin for "hopafoot", given to Sador by Túrin.[2]
  • Onefoot, an epithet referring to his lack of a right foot.[7]
  • Sadog, alternative version written by Tolkien, possibly just an error in typing.[8]


  1. Christopher Tolkien mentions in a note within the "Unfinished Tales", that his father ultimately intended for Sador to be a Drûg.



Juliana Pinho - The Lay of the Children of Hurin.png
Dírhaval (left) in "The Lay of the Children of Hurin" by Juliana Pinho
Biographical Information
Other namesDírhavel
Titlesof the Havens[1]
LocationDor-lómin, Havens of Sirion
LanguageTaliska, Sindarin
DeathF.A. 538
Third Kinslaying
Notable forauthor of the Narn i Chîn Húrin[2]
HouseHouse of Hador
Physical Description

Dírhaval was a Man of Dor-lómin[2] of the House of Hador who lived among the exiles and refugees at the Havens of Sirion during the closing century of the First Age, at the time of Eärendil.


Dírhaval was known as a poet, though he only produced a single poem in the Minlamad thent/estent, one of the three Elvish Verse Modes. At the Mouths of Sirion, he drew upon “all the tidings and lore” [1] of the people of Dor-lómin, Nargothrond, Doriath, and other lands of Beleriand. Dirhaval also learned from people such as Mablung and Andvír. He compiled and wrote it all in the Narn i Chîn Húrin ("Tale of the Children of Húrin"), telling of the tragedy of Morgoth's curse on Húrin's children: Túrin and Nienor. It was written in Sindarin, in which he had great skill, and it was the longest of all the lays to come out of Beleriand.

Dírhaval did not write other poems or lays, as the Silmaril captured by Beren and Lúthien was in the keeping of Elwing: soon the Sons of Fëanor launched an attack on the exiles in the Havens of Sirion to claim it. Dírhaval was one of those who fell in the Third Kinslaying.[3][1]


Dírhaval is likely a Sindarin name possibly derived from dîr ("man"), though it is impossible to determine the etymology of the rest of the name. However, the element êl ("star") or el ("2nd person singular polite possessive suffix") can be found within Dírhavel, the older version of the name.[4][5][6]

Other versions of the legendarium[edit]

In the first draft of the introductory note, Tolkien's original spelling of the name Dírhaval was Dírhavel.[1]

Christopher Tolkien used the earlier spelling within the Unfinished Tales, but notes in The War of the Jewels that the name Dírhavel should have been spelled as Dírhaval since the latter spelling was the latest variation of the name.[7]

External links[edit]


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The War of the Jewels, "Part Three. The Wanderings of Húrin and Other Writings not forming part of the Quenta Silmarillion: II. Ælfwine and Dírhaval", pp. 311-313
  2. 2.0 2.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, Index, entry "Dírhavel"
  3. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "Narn i Hîn Húrin (The Tale of the Children of Húrin)", "Notes", introductory note
  4. Paul Strack, "S. dîr n.", Eldamo (accessed 1 September 2022)
  5. Paul Strack, "S. êl n.", Eldamo (accessed 1 September 2022)
  6. Paul Strack, "S. -el suf.", Eldamo (accessed 1 September 2022)
  7. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The War of the Jewels, "Part Three. The Wanderings of Húrin and Other Writings not forming part of the Quenta Silmarillion: II. Ælfwine and Dírhaval", Note 5


Alarie - Mim.jpg
"Mim" by Alarie
Biographical Information
PositionChieftain of the Petty-dwarves[1]
LocationHouse of Ransom
BirthBefore F.A. 302[2]
DeathF.A. 502
Nargothrond, West Beleriand
ChildrenIbun and Khîm
Physical Description
"For Mîm came of Dwarves that were banished in ancient days from the great Dwarf-cities of the east, and long before the return of Morgoth they wandered westward into Beleriand."
Quenta Silmarillion, "Of Túrin Turambar"

Mîm was one of the last Petty-dwarves and their chieftain. He took Túrin and the Gaurwaith into his house in Amon Rûdh in exchange for his life.


Mîm was the chieftain of the Petty-dwarves who first aided Finrod Felagund in his building of Nargothrond. However, they were expelled after Mîm attempted to murder Felagund in his sleep and thus was driven out into the wild.[1]

Mîm Pleads For His Life by Ted Nasmith

Later in life, Mîm lived with his two sons at Amon Rûdh in middle Beleriand, where he kept a secret treasury.

During Túrin's time among the Outlaws, Mîm and sons were seen as they snuck past the outlaws carrying heavy sacks of wild roots.[3]:p. 123 Mîm was captured, and one of the outlaws, Andróg, shot arrows at his sons, Ibun and Khîm. In exchange for his life, Mîm was forced to ransom his home to the outlaws. He stayed at the outlaws’ camp for one night, where his legs were put in bonds, an ordeal that made Mim try to back out of his ransom. Yet Túrin nonetheless forced him to lead them to his secret halls in Amon Rûdh. There, it was discovered that one of Andróg's arrows had killed Khîm, and Mîm's one night in bonds prevented him from healing him. Mîm's wrath was cooled when Túrin, repenting, offered his service to Mîm, and promised gold to him if ever he came into wealth. For this reason Mîm tolerated the outlaws, and eventually even took a liking to Túrin, as he reminded him of a dwarf-lord of old, but Mîm laid a curse upon Andróg: He had to break his bow and foreswear using bow and arrows in the future or else die by such himself. Andróg did break his bow but cursed Mîm in turn to die with a dart in his throat.[3]

Mîm and the outlaws lived together in the Bar-en-Danwedh upon Amon Rûdh, yet only Túrin was comfortable with the dwarf.[3]:p. 134 Mîm gave to them food which he would not reveal the name of, although he refused to share with Ulrad, one of the outlaws who had bound his legs.[3]:pp. 134-135

When Beleg Cúthalion arrived at Amon Rûdh, Mîm was angry, as he hated Elves. Nevertheless he had to tolerate the Elf in his halls.[3]

Andróg eventually defied Mîm's curse and took up the bow again, causing him to be struck by a poisoned orc-arrow but he did not die for Beleg healed him. Mîm, who already hated Beleg, begrudged him even more for thwarting his curse although he believed that it would bite again. Thus, it did when Mîm betrayed the location of the hideout to the Orcs, who assailed the stronghold, and Andróg received another arrow wound.

After he betrayed Amon Rûdh to Morgoth under the promise that Túrin would not be harmed.

The Orcs tied Beleg to iron pins upon the standing stone at the summit of Amon Rûdh and left him there, expecting Mîm to kill the Elf, yet Andróg, although mortally wounded, scared off the dwarf and as his last act cut through Beleg's bonds.[4]

Mîm somehow escaped, though it is unclear what happened to Ibun.[5] In F.A. 499, Mîm made his way to Nargothrond after Túrin had killed Glaurung, and he took the treasure for his own.[6]

In 502,[6] Húrin Thalion, who had seen all that had happened to Túrin with Morgoth's eyes, came across Mîm in Nargothrond, and killed him, deeming him partially responsible for Túrin's fate. With his dying words Mîm cursed the treasure. After this, Húrin brought the Nauglamír to Doriath, which directly led to the Second Kinslaying and the death of Thingol.[7]


d. F.A. 502
b. F.A.
d. F.A. 486

Other versions of the legendarium[edit]

In earlier versions of the legendarium, Mîm was a much more evil character, who actively betrayed Túrin.[8] But as Dwarves gradually changed in Tolkien's writings from evil Orc-like beings to the Dwarves they later became, Mîm's character was changed, and in the final texts he is no longer a true villain, but almost a tragic character in his own right.

Tolkien wrote a poem and short narrative titled The Complaint of Mîm the Dwarf, but it was not dated, so it is unknown where it should be placed in the legendarium. There it is implied that in his youth, Mîm used to live at Tarn Aeluin in Dorthonion, where he made his first work of art: a flower with dew on it.[9] Sometime in his later life, Mîm had his belongings stolen and resided within a mountain cave.[9] As such, the aging and bitter Mîm, said to be 200 years old, lost his former skill, though he was still able to create works of decent craftsmanship. He struggled with not being able to forgive; the act of forgiving seemed impossible to him, although this would have perhaps enabled him to restore some of his former skill.[2]


  1. 1.0 1.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, Carl F. Hostetter (ed.), The Nature of Middle-earth, "Part Three. The World, its Lands, and its Inhabitants", p. 305
  2. 2.0 2.1 Christina Scull, Wayne G. Hammond, The J.R.R. Tolkien Companion and Guide Revised and Enlarged Edition (2017), entry "The Complaint of Mîm the Dwarf"
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Children of Húrin, "Of Mîm the Dwarf"
  4. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Children of Húrin, "The Land of Bow and Helm"
  5. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Children of Húrin, "The Land of Bow and Helm"
  6. 6.0 6.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The War of the Jewels, "Part Three. The Wanderings of Húrin and Other Writings not forming part of the Quenta Silmarillion: I. The Wanderings of Húrin", pp. 257-258
  7. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Quenta Silmarillion: Of the Ruin of Doriath"
  8. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Children of Húrin, "The Land of Bow and Helm", footnote, p. 148
  9. 9.0 9.1 Klett- Cotta: Das erste Jahrzehnt 1977-1987: Ein Almanach, "Mîms Klage", pp. 302 - 5

Warning: Default sort key "Mim" overrides earlier default sort key "Dirhavel". ______________________________________________________________

Tolrone - Thuringwethil.jpg
"Thuringwethil" by Tolrone
Biographical Information
PositionMessenger of Sauron
AffiliationSauron, Morgoth
DeathF.A. 465
Physical Description

Thuringwethil was the Vampire[1] bat-messenger[2] of Sauron from Tol-in-Gaurhoth that took on the form of a great bat during the First Age.[3]


Thuringwethil had at least two great fingered wings with an iron claw at the end of each of her joints. She had the ability to change her form, possibly making her a Maia or some sort of skin-changer.[4]


She was Sauron's messenger, but was caught in the battle between Lúthien, Huan, and Sauron at Tol-in-Gaurhoth. She was slain either by the Hound of Valinor or in the collapse of Minas Tirith. Lúthien later used Thuringwethil's winged bat form to sneak into Angband during the Quest for the Silmaril.[4]


Thuringwethil was a Sindarin name and its meaning was glossed as "Woman of Secret Shadow"[3] and "she of hidden shadow".[5] It contained a combination of the elements thurin ("secret, hidden"), gwath ("shadow, dim light") and -il ("feminine suffix"),[6] which perhaps causes an "umlauting" (or "affection") of gwath to gweth.

Other versions of the legendarium[edit]

Thuringwethil appeared for the first time within the Lay of Leithian. In The Tale of Tinúviel (the first version of the tale of Beren and Lúthien), Tinúviel simply wore her dark cloak of magic sleep when entering Angamandi.[7]

Early etymology[edit]

Thuringwethil was an Ilkorin name meaning "Woman of Secret Shadow". It contained a combination of the elements thurin ("guarded, hidden"), gwath ("shade") and -il ("feminine suffix"),[8] which perhaps causes an "umlauting" (or "affection") of gwath to gweth.



"Melkor had corrupted many spirits — some great as Sauron, or less as Balrogs. The least could have been primitive Orcs."
Morgoth's Ring, "Myths Transformed", Text X')[1]

Boldog was an Orc-name[2] that was given to Maiar that took on the physical form of an Orc.


Boldog was a title taken by many of the servants of Morgoth that appeared multiple times during the Battles of Beleriand.[3] While some bearers of the Boldog title may have been no more than "delusions and phantoms", many others that bore the name took on shapes that mocked and degraded Elves and Men.[4] These "Orc-formed Maiar" were said to be "only less formidable than the Balrogs".[3]


Boldog is Noldorin for "Torment-slayer", from baul ("torment") and daug ("warrior").[5]

Other versions of the legendarium[edit]

Thingol fights Boldog by Tom Loback

According to the early version of the Legendarium within the Lay of Leithian,[6] Boldog was the name of an Orc-captain that was the leader of a raid into the north-marches of Doriath and tasked by Morgoth to capture Lúthien and bring her to Angband, for reasons undisclosed. However, the Elves of Doriath defeated the invading army[7] with Boldog himself being slayed by Thingol.[8] Some time later, when Finrod, Beren, Edrahil and their companions were brought before Thû clad within Orc-form, they said that they were a part of the army under the command of Boldog, and had urgent news to deliver to Thangorodrim - but Thû saw through their disguise, revealing to them that Boldog was slain.[9]



Oswin Errol
Biographical Information
Other namesOswald (Often by mistake), Pater (by Alboin Errol)
PositionHistorian, Schoolmaster
LocationCornwall, England
SpouseUnnamed wife
ChildrenAlboin Errol
Physical Description

Oswin Errol was the father of Alboin Errol according to the early version of the legendarium in The Lost Road.[1]


Throughout his early life, Oswin was very particular about his name, being annoyed whenever he was mistakenly called Oswald, which happened often.[1]

In his later years, Oswin lived within a "little house in Cornwall" near the western sea with his son, Alboin. One evening, Oswin found his son missing close to his bed-time. Oswin called for him many times to no avail. Upon realizing that his son was not in the play-room of the house, Oswin, searched the small high garden in the back of the house. while discovered his son gazing at the sea while lying atop a low stone wall screened from the the house by a hedge.[1]


The name Oswin (Old English: Óswine) contains the elements os ("god") and wine ("friend").[2] Oswin's annoying name Oswald (Old English) contains the elements os ("god") and weald ("power, ruler").[3]


unnamed wife
unnamed wife
Oswin Errol
d. Before 1918
unnamed wife
Alboin Errol
February 4, 1890-unknown
unnamed wife
Audoin Errol
September 1918-unknown

Other versions of the legendarium[edit]

Tolkien eventually abandoned his work on The Lost Road, yet Tolkien would reuse the name of "Oswin" for Oswin Lowdham, the grandfather of Alwin Arundel Lowdham within "The Notion Club Papers".

See also[edit]


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Lost Road and Other Writings, "Part One: III. The Lost Road, (i) The opening chapters", pp. 36-37, 39-44, 53-55, 104
  2. "Oswin", Behind the Name (accessed 21 March 2023)
  3. "Oswald", Behind the Name (accessed 21 March 2023)


Orphaned pages that need to be linked somewhere