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sabar (or habar)[note 1] is an unattested Sindarin word likely meaning "delved mine", being reconstructed from an element found in the compound names Anghabar and Nornhabar.[1][2]

Note that this word is debatable as it is seen only in these compounds. Didier Willis has suggested that Tolkien perhaps reused the old Qenya root SAPA "dig, excavate"[3] as a base for this word.[1] This seems likely, since SAP- and a derivative sapnā reappear in the 1950s' Outline of Phonology as the source for samna "delved hole, pit".[4]


  1. S usually mutates to H in Sindarin.


  1. 1.0 1.1 Didier Willis, Hiswelókë's Sindarin Dictionary at (accessed 17 September 2020)
  2. David Salo (2004), A Gateway to Sindarin, p. 327
  3. J.R.R. Tolkien, "Qenyaqetsa: The Qenya Phonology and Lexicon", in Parma Eldalamberon XII (edited by Carl F. Hostetter, Christopher Gilson, Arden R. Smith, and Patrick H. Wynne), p. 82
  4. J.R.R. Tolkien, "Quenya Phonology", in Parma Eldalamberon XIX (edited by Christopher Gilson), p. 86