MBAR is a Primitive Quendian root signifying "dwell; to make a decision". Tolkien notes that English "'[s]ettle' is in fact, in its various branches of meaning, a very close rendering of the sense of base √MBAR".
Other versions of the legendarium
In the Qenya Lexicon appears the root MBARA, from which was derived Qenya mar ("dwelling of men, -land, the Earth"). In the Etymologies appear the root MBAR- signifying "dwell, inhabit" (emended from "dwell, build, inhabit").
- J.R.R. Tolkien, "Words, Phrases and Passages in Various Tongues in The Lord of the Rings: Eldarin Roots and Stems", in Parma Eldalamberon XVII (edited by Christopher Gilson), pp. 163-4 (stem appearing as "√MBAR" and "√MBAR-")
- J.R.R. Tolkien, "Qenyaqetsa: The Qenya Phonology and Lexicon", in Parma Eldalamberon XII (edited by Carl F. Hostetter, Christopher Gilson, Arden R. Smith, and Patrick H. Wynne)
- J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Lost Road and Other Writings, Part Three: "The Etymologies", p. 372
- J.R.R. Tolkien, "Addenda and Corrigenda to the Etymologies — Part One" (edited by Carl F. Hostetter and Patrick H. Wynne), in Vinyar Tengwar, Number 45, November 2003, p. 33