From Tolkien Gateway

MBAR is a Primitive Quendian root signifying "dwell; to make a decision". Tolkien notes that English "'[s]ettle' is in fact, in its various branches of meaning, a very close rendering of the sense of base √MBAR".[1]


Other versions of the legendarium[edit]

In the Qenya Lexicon appears the root MBARA, from which was derived Qenya mar ("dwelling of men, -land, the Earth").[2] In the Etymologies appear the root MBAR- signifying "dwell, inhabit" (emended from "dwell, build, inhabit").[3][4]

See also[edit]


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 J.R.R. Tolkien, "Words, Phrases and Passages in Various Tongues in The Lord of the Rings: Eldarin Roots and Stems", in Parma Eldalamberon XVII (edited by Christopher Gilson), pp. 163-4 (stem appearing as "√MBAR" and "√MBAR-")
  2. J.R.R. Tolkien, "Qenyaqetsa: The Qenya Phonology and Lexicon", in Parma Eldalamberon XII (edited by Carl F. Hostetter, Christopher Gilson, Arden R. Smith, and Patrick H. Wynne)
  3. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Lost Road and Other Writings, Part Three: "The Etymologies", p. 372
  4. J.R.R. Tolkien, "Addenda and Corrigenda to the Etymologies — Part One" (edited by Carl F. Hostetter and Patrick H. Wynne), in Vinyar Tengwar, Number 45, November 2003, p. 33