From Tolkien Gateway

or means "above" in both Quenya[1] and Noldorin.[2]

In both languages it is most commonly used as a prefix.

Examples[edit | edit source]

  • (Quenya) "...i Eru i or ilyë mahalmar eä tennoio" = "the One who is above all thrones for ever"[1]
  • (Quenya) ‘’orta-‘’ = “rise”
  • (Quenya) ‘’olla‘’ = “over”[3]
  • (Noldorian) ‘’orchal’’ = “superior / lofty”
  • (Noldorian) ‘’ortha-’’ = “to raise-”[4]

Etymology[edit | edit source]


  1. 1.0 1.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "Cirion and Eorl and the Friendship of Gondor and Rohan"
  2. 2.0 2.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Lost Road and Other Writings, Part Three: "The Etymologies" p. 379
  3. J.R.R. Tolkien, "Words, Phrases and Passages in Various Tongues in The Lord of the Rings", in Parma Eldalamberon XVII (edited by Christopher Gilson) p. 65
  4. J.R.R. Tolkien, "The Feanorian Alphabet, Part 1 & Quenya Verb Structure", in Parma Eldalamberon XXII (edited by Christopher Gilson and Arden R. Smith)p. 31