Parma Eldalamberon 22

From Tolkien Gateway
Parma Eldalamberon 22
The Feanorian Alphabet, Part 1; Quenya Verb Structure
Parma Eldalamberon 22.jpg
AuthorJ.R.R. Tolkien
EditorChristopher Gilson, Arden R. Smith
PublisherElvish Linguistic Fellowship
Released12 June 2015
FormatPaperback journal

Parma Eldalamberon 22: The Feanorian Alphabet, Part 1; Quenya Verb Structure is the twenty-second issue of Parma Eldalamberon, a journal of linguistic studies of the Elvish languages and names in the works of J.R.R. Tolkien.

  • Front cover: Manuscript facsimile "Qenya Grammar: Spelling and transcription"
  • Back cover: Continuation of the manuscript facsimile
Previous Issue || Next Issue


The Feanorian Alphabet, Part 1
  • Introduction
  • Version A
    • Pt. 1. Feanorian Alphabet — The Lindarin Use
    • Pt. 2. Parmaqestarin Use
    • Pt. 3. The Old Noldorin or Feanorian usage
    • Pt. 4. The Beleriandic or Exilic Usage
  • Version A′
    • Pt. 2. The Parmaqestarin Mode
Qenya Spelling
  • Introduction
  • Qenya Grammar — Spelling and Transcription
  • On Ælfwine's Spelling
    (contains 6 versions)
Quenya Verb Structure
  • Introduction
  • Quendian & Common Eldarin Verbal Structure
    • Inflexion
    • Verbal Stems (simple or strong verbs)
    • Moods
    • Formation of other Verbal Stems
  • Quenya Verbal System — Conjugation & Syntax
    • Conjugation of simple or "strong" verbs
    • Imperative
    • The Participles
    • The reduplicating syllable
    • Forms of weak verbs, or verbs with weak aorist-present
    • Syntactical notes
    • Expressions of "Mood"
    • Irregular Verbs
    • The Negative Verb
  • Common Eldarin: Verb Structure
    • Inflexion
    • The Verbal Stems
    • The verbal stems of Basic Verbs
    • Formation of derivative verbal stems
    • Adjectival and Substantival forms of Verbal stems
    • Imperative forms
    • Negation
  • Late Notes on Verb Structure
  • List of Abbreviations


"The Feanorian Alphabet, Part 1" — This is the earliest and longest version of a detailed description of this writing system dating from the late 1930s. Four modes of use are described for representing different invented languages — Lindarin Qenya, Parmaqestarin, Old Noldorin, and Beleriandic — for the second of which there is also a revised version of the text from the 1940s. There are tables for each mode with the letters used and their names. Examples are given from the various languages, in tengwar with transcriptions, to illustrate different points of usage and certain historical changes that affected the writing system.

"Qenya Spelling" is the surviving portion of a "Qenya Grammar" closely contemporary with the early version of "The Feanorian Alphabet". It describes the spelling of the written language in the Feanorian writing system and the transcription of its sounds in the Latin alphabet according to the usage of Ælfwine. Based on this, and placed with it by Tolkien, are 6 versions of a short text called "On Ælfwine’s Spelling". The latest of these has emendations that probably date from around 1950.

"Quendian & Common Eldarin Verb Structure" probably dates from the 1940s. It describes the etymological background to the grammatical structure of the Quenya verb and its prehistoric connections with the verbal systems of the other Elvish languages. Placed with it and perhaps originally intended as a continuation is the "Quenya Verbal System" This is part of a "Quenya Grammar" probably dating from the 1940s. It describes the formation of the various tense stems and participles of the Quenya verb and their inflexions for number and voice, with some notes on syntax, and a section on "Irregular Verbs."

"Common Eldarin: Verb Structure" is a revision and elaboration of the Quendian and Common Eldarin material, dating from approximately 1950. This is a companion piece to "Common Eldarin: Noun Structure" published in Parma Eldalamberon, no. 21, both being parts of a projected comparative grammar of the Eldarin languages. In the late 1960s Tolkien was planning a further revision of these materials. "Late Notes on Verb Structure" is an assortment of texts, dating from 1969, dealing with Tolkien’s revised conceptions of verbal inflexion for tense, verbal substantives and adjectives, conditional expressions, and the negative verb.

External links[edit]

Parma Eldalamberon issues
Issue 1 · Issue 2 · Issue 3 · Issue 4 · Issue 5 · Issue 6 · Issue 7 · Issue 8 · Issue 9 · Issue 10 ·
Issue 11 · Issue 12 · Issue 13 · Issue 14 · Issue 15 · Issue 16 · Issue 17 · Issue 18 · Issue 19 · Issue 20 ·
Issue 21 · Issue 22