Parma Eldalamberon 14

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Parma Eldalamberon 14
Early Qenya and Valmaric
Publication Information
AuthorJ.R.R. Tolkien
EditorPatrick H. Wynne, Christopher Gilson, Carl F. Hostetter, Bill Welden, and Arden R. Smith
IllustratorAdam Christensen (front and back cover)
PublisherElvish Linguistic Fellowship
Released23 December 2003
FormatPaperback journal

Parma Eldalamberon 14: Early Qenya and Valmaric is the fourtheenth issue of Parma Eldalamberon, a journal of linguistic studies of the Elvish languages and names in the works of J.R.R. Tolkien. The issue was revised in 2010 for the second printing.

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  • Cover: "Lords of the Sea" — Adam Christensen
  • "Early Qenya Fragments" — J.R.R. Tolkien, eds. Patrick H. Wynne and Christopher Gilson
    • The Creatures of the Earth
    • The Names of the Valar
    • Otsan and Kainendan
    • Matar and Tulir
    • The Qenya Verb Forms
  • "Early Qenya Grammar" — J.R.R. Tolkien, eds. Carl F. Hostetter and Bill Welden
    • Introduction
    • Qenya Grammar in Manuscript
    • Qenya Phonology
    • Qenya Grammar in Typescript
  • "The Valmaric Script" — J.R.R. Tolkien, ed. Arden R. Smith
    • Introduction
    • Texts and Commentary
      (contains 13 documents of the Valmaric script)
  • List of abbreviations


"Early Qenya Fragments" is a collection of Tolkien's tables and name-lists associated with The Book of Lost Tales, including early names of the Days of the Elvish Week and the Valinorian Fortnight, and names of the Valar and various Creatures of the Earth, as Tolkien conceived of them in his earliest mythology. Also included are paradigms of the Regular Qenya Verb conjugation associated with the "Qenya Lexicon" (Parma 12).

"Early Qenya Grammar" includes early writings on Qenya Phonology, together with the earliest complete Qenya Grammar, describing the forms and inflections of the Article, Nouns, Adjectives, Adverbs, Numbers, Pronouns, and Verbs. Both of these texts date from the 1920s. Annotations and commentary are provided for all of the Early Qenya texts, detailing their interconnections and the evolution of the linguistic conceptions contained within them.

"The Valmaric Script" is an edition of various documents relating to an Elvish writing system devised by Tolkien in the 1920s. One example of the script was published previously in a drawing for the story Roverandom. This edition includes various charts of the sounds represented by the letters, tracing Tolkien's experimentation with their forms and applications. There are also examples of the Valmaric script used for writing both Qenya and English, including an excerpt from the Old English poem Beowulf. Transcriptions of these texts and commentary on the chronology of the documents and their conceptual evolution are included in this edition.

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Parma Eldalamberon issues
Issue 1 · Issue 2 · Issue 3 · Issue 4 · Issue 5 · Issue 6 · Issue 7 · Issue 8 · Issue 9 · Issue 10 ·
Issue 11 · Issue 12 · Issue 13 · Issue 14 · Issue 15 · Issue 16 · Issue 17 · Issue 18 · Issue 19 · Issue 20 ·
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