Parma Eldalamberon 16

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Parma Eldalamberon 16
Early Elvish Poetry and Pre-Fëanorian Alphabets
Parma Eldalamberon 16.jpg
AuthorJ.R.R. Tolkien
EditorChristopher Gilson, Arden R. Smith, Patrick H. Wynne, Carl F. Hostetter, and Bill Welden
IllustratorAdam Christensen (front cover)
PublisherElvish Linguistic Fellowship
FormatPaperback journal

Parma Eldalamberon 16: Early Elvish Poetry and Pre-Fëanorian Alphabets is the sixteenth issue of Parma Eldalamberon, a journal of linguistic studies of the Elvish languages and names in the works of J.R.R. Tolkien.

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Contents[edit | edit source]

  • Cover — Adam Christensen
  • "Pre-Fëanorian Alphabets, Part 1" — J.R.R. Tolkien, ed. Arden R. Smith
    • Introduction
    • Texts and Commentary
      (contains 16 documents of pre-Fëanorian alphabets)
  • "Early Elvish Poetry" — J.R.R. Tolkien, eds. Christopher Gilson, Bill Welden, and Carl F. Hostetter
    • Oilima Markirya
    • Nieninqe
    • Earendel
  • "Qenya Declensions" — J.R.R. Tolkien, eds. Christopher Gilson and Patrick H. Wynne
  • "Qenya Conjugations" — J.R.R. Tolkien, eds. Christopher Gilson and Carl F. Hostetter
  • "Qenya Word-lists" — J.R.R. Tolkien, eds. Christopher Gilson and Patrick H. Wynne
  • List of abbreviations

Description[edit | edit source]

"Early Elvish Poetry" is our general title for a number of drafts of Tolkien's Qenya poems, Oilima Markirya ("The Last Ark"), Nieninqe ("Snowdrop"), and Earendel. These poems were eventually included by Tolkien in his 1931 essay called "A Secret Vice" as examples of the fruition of his private efforts at inventing languages. Accompanying the drafts of these poems are Tolkien's glossarial commentaries and his translations, from which also emerged the English poems, "The Last Ark" and "Earendel at the Helm". A version of the poem Nieninque from 1955 is also included. The documents for each poem have been edited and arranged to show their development, with commentaries on their relation to each other and to the contemporary and earlier writings on the lexicon and grammar of Qenya.

In his essay Tolkien mentions the need for a language inventor to abide by his own rules if he wishes to write poetry in it; and around this time he prepared charts of the "Qenya Declensions" and "Qenya Conjugations". These show the contemporary state of Tolkien's conception of the rules for inflecting nouns and verbs in the language of the poems. We have included these paradigms in this issue, along with analyses of their structure and development from the previous conceptions in "The Qenya Verb Forms" and the "Early Qenya Grammar" (Parma 14). Also contemporary with the poems are a series of "Qenya Word-lists" and these have been included to show how Tolkien's ideas about the vocabulary of Qenya at this period had changed in many ways but also retained much that in retrospect can be viewed as central to the "Qenya Lexicon" (Parma 12).

The "Pre-Fëanorian Alphabets" is an edition of Tolkien's charts and notes from about 1924 to 1929 dealing with the scripts that conceptually precede the Fëanorian Tengwar that would eventually be included in The Lord of the Rings. This issue of Parma Eldalamberon contains "Pre-Fëanorian Alphabets, Part 1", with the alphabets called Qenyatic, Falassin, Noriac, Banyaric, and Sinyatic. Tolkien's examples of the scripts are reproduced in fascimile. These include charts of the sounds represented by the letters, and various Qenya, Latin, and English words and texts written in the scripts. Transcriptions of the examples, and commentary on the dating and historical background are provided.

External links[edit | edit source]

Parma Eldalamberon issues
Issue 1 · Issue 2 · Issue 3 · Issue 4 · Issue 5 · Issue 6 · Issue 7 · Issue 8 · Issue 9 · Issue 10 ·
Issue 11 · Issue 12 · Issue 13 · Issue 14 · Issue 15 · Issue 16 · Issue 17 · Issue 18 · Issue 19 · Issue 20 ·
Issue 21 · Issue 22