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Mandos

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| image=[[File:Ted Nasmith - Lúthien's Lament Before Mandos.jpg|250px]]
 
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| name=Mandos
 
| name=Mandos
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| othernames=Námo, Bannoth, Badhron, The Judge, The Just
 
| othernames=Námo, Bannoth, Badhron, The Judge, The Just
| coming=[[Years of the Lamps]] 1
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| position=Ruler of the Dead
| creations=Ruler of the Dead
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| location=The [[Halls of Mandos]]
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| dwelling=[[Halls of Mandos]]
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| language=[[Valarin]], [[Quenya]]
| gender=Male
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| spouse=[[Vairë]]
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| siblings=[[Irmo]] and [[Nienna]]
 
| siblings=[[Irmo]] and [[Nienna]]
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| spouse=[[Vairë]]
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'''Mandos''' was the Doomsman of the Valar and keeper of the slain in his [[Halls of Mandos|Halls]] in the west of [[Valinor]]. [[Vairë]] the Weaver is his wife. His actual — less common — name was '''''Námo''''', "Mandos" being the name of his dwelling place.
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'''Mandos''' was the '''Doomsman of the Valar''' who pronounced judgement in matters of fate. He was the keeper of the slain in his [[Halls of Mandos|Halls]] in the north of [[Valinor]].  
  
Mandos was the brother of the [[Valar|Vala]] [[Irmo]] (also called ''Lórien''). Together, Mandos and Irmo are called the [[Fëanturi]] ([[Quenya|Q]]: "Masters of Spirits"). Their sister is [[Nienna]].
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==Attributes==
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Mandos was the "elder brother" of the [[Valar|Vala]] [[Irmo]] (also called ''Lórien''). Together, Mandos and Irmo are called the [[Fëanturi]] ([[Quenya|Q]]: "Masters of Spirits"). Their sister is [[Nienna]]. [[Vairë]] the Weaver is his wife. His actual — less common — name was '''''Námo''''', "Mandos" being the name of his dwelling place.<ref name=vala>{{S|IIb}}</ref> He keeps the [[Houses of the Dead]] where he summons the spirits of the slain.  
  
Mandos is said to be the grimmest of the Valar. However, this in no way implies that Mandos is dark or evil.  His grimness is wholly part of his nature, coming (one must assume) from that part of the mind of [[Ilúvatar]] from which he was created. Neither is Mandos willful or malevolent in declaring the fates of [[Arda]]. Only at the bidding of [[Manwë]] will Mandos ever pronounce his dooms. Mandos and Manwë have always been allied since their entering into [[]], and together they understand most clearly the [[Vision of Ilúvatar]] more than any of the other Valar. Together they know nearly all of what is to come within the realm of Arda, though not all. Only Ilúvatar knows with full certainty what the full doom of Arda will be, and he will not reveal it all, even to Mandos or Manwë.
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Mandos knows and remembers nearly all things that were and shall be. Only Ilúvatar knew with full certainty what the full doom of Arda will be, and he will not reveal it all, even to Mandos or Manwë.<ref name=vala/> Mandos and Manwë have always been allied since their entering into [[Eä]], and together they understand most clearly the [[Vision of Ilúvatar]] more than any of the other Valar.
 +
 
 +
As the Doomsman of the Valar, he pronounces his judgements at the bidding of Manwë.<ref name=vala/>
 +
 +
Mandos is said to be the grimmest of the Valar. However, this in no way implies that Mandos is dark or evil.  His grimness is wholly part of his nature, coming (one must assume) from that part of the mind of [[Ilúvatar]] from which he came. Neither is Mandos willful or malevolent in declaring the fates of [[Arda]].
 +
 
 +
==History==
 +
During one of the early councils of the Valar, the Powers worried that the [[Elves]] would come in darkness. Manwë bid Mandos to speak, and he revealed that the age of the [[Children of Ilúvatar]] approached and it was the doom of the [[Elves]] to wake under the [[stars]] and revere [[Varda]]. This prompted Varda to prepare new stars for the [[Awakening of the Elves]].<ref>{{S|3}}</ref>
 +
 
 +
When the rebellious [[Noldor]] carried out the [[Kinslaying at Alqualondë|Kinslaying]] at [[Alqualondë]] and were in the lands of [[Araman]] north of Valinor, Mandos, or one of his servants, pronounced the [[Doom of Mandos]], a warning if they continued in their rebellion. This caused [[Finarfin]] to repent and return to [[Eldamar]].<ref>{{S|Flight}}</ref>
 +
 
 +
When [[Beren]] and [[Lúthien]] died, she sang a song of such extraordinary power and beauty that it moved even the implacable heart of Mandos. So Beren was returned to a second life and Lúthien was granted a unique fate, to become mortal and return to [[Middle-earth]] with him.
 +
 
 +
After, when [[Eärendil]] set foot in [[Aman]] and begged the Valar for the forgiveness of the [[Noldor]] and help in their war with [[Morgoth]], he was the one who demanded he be executed for no mortal should set foot in Aman and live. But [[Ulmo]] spoke against him, asking whether he was the son of [[Tuor]] of the [[Edain]] or [[Idril]] of the Noldor. Mandos responded that in either case, since the Noldor are still under the ban, he should not live. Regardless of that, [[Manwë]] answered his prayer and commanded the [[Host of the Valar]] be assembled and wage war on Morgoth. Considering Eärendil's doom, along with [[Elwing]]'s, his wife, he offered them and their children a choice: whether to be counted among [[Elves]] or [[Men]].<ref>{{S|24}}</ref>
  
 
==Etymology==
 
==Etymology==
''Námo'' (pron. {{IPA|[ˈnaːmo]}}) in [[Quenya]] means "Judge" or "Ordainer", from [[root]] [[NAM]]. The [[Sindarin]] equivalent is ''[[Badhron]]'' ({{IPA|[ˈbaðron]}}).{{fact}}
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''Námo'' (pron. {{IPA|[ˈnaːmo]}}) in [[Quenya]] means "Judge" or "Ordainer",<ref>{{PE|21}}, p. 85</ref> from [[root]] [[NAM]].
  
''Mandos'' ({{IPA|[ˈmandos]}}) is a [[Quenya]] name meaning "Prison-fortress".{{fact}} It derived from the [[Primitive Quendian|early Elvish]] ''Mandostŏ''.<ref>{{VT|39a}}, p. 6</ref> The [[Sindarin]] name for ''Mandos'' is ''[[Bannoth]]'' ({{IPA|[ˈbanːoθ]}}).{{fact}}
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''Mandos'' ({{IPA|[ˈmandos]}}) is a [[Quenya]] name meaning "Castle of Custody".<ref>{{HM|MR}}, p.350</ref> It derived from the early Elvish ''Mandostŏ''.<ref>{{VT|39a}}, p. 6</ref>  
  
 
In [[Eriol]]'s [[Old English]] translations, Mandos is referred as ''Nefrea'' "Corpse-ruler" and ''neoaerna hlaford'' "master of the houses  of  the  dead".<ref>{{SM|QA1}}</ref>
 
In [[Eriol]]'s [[Old English]] translations, Mandos is referred as ''Nefrea'' "Corpse-ruler" and ''neoaerna hlaford'' "master of the houses  of  the  dead".<ref>{{SM|QA1}}</ref>
==Other names==
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<!-- Check whether Badhor is canonical Sindarin name -->
*'''Doomsman of the Valar''', an epithet given to Mandos, since he was given the power to pronounce judgement in matters of fate.
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==Other versions of the Legendarium==
 +
[[Christopher Tolkien]] notes that in the early version of the [[legendarium]] Mandos does exclaim prophecies, but he doesn't function as the "Doomsman of the Valar" as in the later ''[[Silmarillion]]''.<ref name=lt13n>{{LT1|IIIn}}</ref>  His wife was [[Nienna#Other versions of the Legendarium|Fui Nienna]].
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In the ''[[Qenya Lexicon]]'' the Vala in [[Qenya]] was called Ve or Vefantur Mandos. In the [[Gnomish Lexicon]] his [[Gnomish]] names are Bannoth Gwi, Gwi-fanthor and Gwivannoth. His personal name(s) Ve/Gwi are said to derive from a primitive [[root]] VEHE, but no meaning or translation are given.<ref name=ltapp/>
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 +
''Mandos'' is the Qenya name of the region and their Halls, also known as ''Ve'' after him. The Gnomish form ''Bannoth'' also refers to the Vala and the region of the souls, but also improperly his Halls (properly ''Gwi'' or ''Ingwi'').<ref name=ltapp>{{LT1|Appendix}}</ref>
 +
 
 +
In the later ''[[The Etymologies]]'', the name of the Vala was '''Mando''', translated as "Imprisoner, Binder", derived from [[root]] [[MBAD]]. Note that here, Mando was envisioned as the actual name of the Vala proper (not his realm). In that conception, the form '''Mand-os''' is a ''lengthened'' form (from Mandosse) meaning "''Dread'' Imprisoner". The [[Noldorin]] name for ''Mandos'' is ''Bannos''. Cf. [[GOS]], [[Osse]].
 +
 
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An epithet of Mandos was '''Morimando''' (Dark Mando), being the dark counterpart of Manwe Kalamando (Light Mando). Tolkien notes that in those epithets, the element ''man'' loses its sense as "doom, prison", and is understood as the root referring to "holiness" (root MAN in ''Man''we).<ref>{{LR|Etymologies}}, entry MBAD</ref>
 +
 
 +
==Inspiration==
 +
Mandos is comparable to gods of the dead of real world mythologies, like Hades or Hel. The instance of Lúthien singing to him in order to release her beloved, is reminiscent of similar ancient tales, such as Orpheus singing to Hades to release Eurydice, or Hermod who asks Hel to release Baldur.
 +
<ref>{{webcite|author=Dawn Felagund|articleurl=http://www.silmarillionwritersguild.org/reference/references/pf/namo2.php|articlename=Námo Mandos|website=[http://www.silmarillionwritersguild.org Silmarillion Writers Guild]}}</ref> Another similarity shared between Mandos and the two mythological figures, is that they bear the name of their realms.
 +
 
 +
The story of Orpheus has been retold in English literature as ''[[Sir Orfeo]]''.
 
{{References}}
 
{{References}}
  
 
{{Ainur}}
 
{{Ainur}}
  
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{{DEFAULTSORT:Mandos}}
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[[fi:Námo]]

Latest revision as of 22:19, 19 June 2015

"...It is a long tale..." — Aragorn
This article or section needs expansion and/or modification. Please help the wiki by expanding it.
This article is about the Vala. For the dwelling, see Halls of Mandos.
Ted Nasmith - Lúthien's Lament Before Mandos.jpg
Mandos
Vala
Biographical Information
Other namesNámo, Bannoth, Badhron, The Judge, The Just
PositionRuler of the Dead
LocationThe Halls of Mandos
LanguageValarin, Quenya
Family
SiblingsIrmo and Nienna
SpouseVairë
Physical Description
GenderMale
GalleryImages of Mandos

Mandos was the Doomsman of the Valar who pronounced judgement in matters of fate. He was the keeper of the slain in his Halls in the north of Valinor.

Contents

[edit] Attributes

Mandos was the "elder brother" of the Vala Irmo (also called Lórien). Together, Mandos and Irmo are called the Fëanturi (Q: "Masters of Spirits"). Their sister is Nienna. Vairë the Weaver is his wife. His actual — less common — name was Námo, "Mandos" being the name of his dwelling place.[1] He keeps the Houses of the Dead where he summons the spirits of the slain.

Mandos knows and remembers nearly all things that were and shall be. Only Ilúvatar knew with full certainty what the full doom of Arda will be, and he will not reveal it all, even to Mandos or Manwë.[1] Mandos and Manwë have always been allied since their entering into , and together they understand most clearly the Vision of Ilúvatar more than any of the other Valar.

As the Doomsman of the Valar, he pronounces his judgements at the bidding of Manwë.[1]

Mandos is said to be the grimmest of the Valar. However, this in no way implies that Mandos is dark or evil. His grimness is wholly part of his nature, coming (one must assume) from that part of the mind of Ilúvatar from which he came. Neither is Mandos willful or malevolent in declaring the fates of Arda.

[edit] History

During one of the early councils of the Valar, the Powers worried that the Elves would come in darkness. Manwë bid Mandos to speak, and he revealed that the age of the Children of Ilúvatar approached and it was the doom of the Elves to wake under the stars and revere Varda. This prompted Varda to prepare new stars for the Awakening of the Elves.[2]

When the rebellious Noldor carried out the Kinslaying at Alqualondë and were in the lands of Araman north of Valinor, Mandos, or one of his servants, pronounced the Doom of Mandos, a warning if they continued in their rebellion. This caused Finarfin to repent and return to Eldamar.[3]

When Beren and Lúthien died, she sang a song of such extraordinary power and beauty that it moved even the implacable heart of Mandos. So Beren was returned to a second life and Lúthien was granted a unique fate, to become mortal and return to Middle-earth with him.

After, when Eärendil set foot in Aman and begged the Valar for the forgiveness of the Noldor and help in their war with Morgoth, he was the one who demanded he be executed for no mortal should set foot in Aman and live. But Ulmo spoke against him, asking whether he was the son of Tuor of the Edain or Idril of the Noldor. Mandos responded that in either case, since the Noldor are still under the ban, he should not live. Regardless of that, Manwë answered his prayer and commanded the Host of the Valar be assembled and wage war on Morgoth. Considering Eärendil's doom, along with Elwing's, his wife, he offered them and their children a choice: whether to be counted among Elves or Men.[4]

[edit] Etymology

Námo (pron. [ˈnaːmo]) in Quenya means "Judge" or "Ordainer",[5] from root NAM.

Mandos ([ˈmandos]) is a Quenya name meaning "Castle of Custody".[6] It derived from the early Elvish Mandostŏ.[7]

In Eriol's Old English translations, Mandos is referred as Nefrea "Corpse-ruler" and neoaerna hlaford "master of the houses of the dead".[8]

[edit] Other versions of the Legendarium

Christopher Tolkien notes that in the early version of the legendarium Mandos does exclaim prophecies, but he doesn't function as the "Doomsman of the Valar" as in the later Silmarillion.[9] His wife was Fui Nienna.

In the Qenya Lexicon the Vala in Qenya was called Ve or Vefantur Mandos. In the Gnomish Lexicon his Gnomish names are Bannoth Gwi, Gwi-fanthor and Gwivannoth. His personal name(s) Ve/Gwi are said to derive from a primitive root VEHE, but no meaning or translation are given.[10]

Mandos is the Qenya name of the region and their Halls, also known as Ve after him. The Gnomish form Bannoth also refers to the Vala and the region of the souls, but also improperly his Halls (properly Gwi or Ingwi).[10]

In the later The Etymologies, the name of the Vala was Mando, translated as "Imprisoner, Binder", derived from root MBAD. Note that here, Mando was envisioned as the actual name of the Vala proper (not his realm). In that conception, the form Mand-os is a lengthened form (from Mandosse) meaning "Dread Imprisoner". The Noldorin name for Mandos is Bannos. Cf. GOS, Osse.

An epithet of Mandos was Morimando (Dark Mando), being the dark counterpart of Manwe Kalamando (Light Mando). Tolkien notes that in those epithets, the element man loses its sense as "doom, prison", and is understood as the root referring to "holiness" (root MAN in Manwe).[11]

[edit] Inspiration

Mandos is comparable to gods of the dead of real world mythologies, like Hades or Hel. The instance of Lúthien singing to him in order to release her beloved, is reminiscent of similar ancient tales, such as Orpheus singing to Hades to release Eurydice, or Hermod who asks Hel to release Baldur. [12] Another similarity shared between Mandos and the two mythological figures, is that they bear the name of their realms.

The story of Orpheus has been retold in English literature as Sir Orfeo.

[edit] References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Valaquenta: Of the Valar"
  2. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Quenta Silmarillion: Of the Coming of the Elves and the Captivity of Melkor"
  3. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Quenta Silmarillion: Of the Flight of the Noldor"
  4. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Quenta Silmarillion: Of the Voyage of Eärendil and the War of Wrath"
  5. J.R.R. Tolkien, "Qenya Noun Structure", in Parma Eldalamberon XXI (edited by Christopher Gilson, Patrick H. Wynne and Arden R. Smith), p. 85
  6. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Morgoth's Ring, p.350
  7. J.R.R. Tolkien, "From Quendi and Eldar, Appendix D" (edited by Carl F. Hostetter), in Vinyar Tengwar, Number 39, July 1998, p. 6
  8. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Shaping of Middle-earth, "III. The Quenta: Appendix 1: Fragments of a translation of The Quenta Noldorinwa into Old English, made by Ælfwine or Eriol; together with Old English equivalents of Elvish names"
  9. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Book of Lost Tales Part One, "The Coming of the Valar and the Building of Valinor": "Notes and Commentary"
  10. 10.0 10.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Book of Lost Tales Part One, Appendix: Names in the Lost Tales – Part One
  11. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Lost Road and Other Writings, "Part Three: The Etymologies", entry MBAD
  12. Dawn Felagund, "Námo Mandos" , Silmarillion Writers Guild (accessed 6 July 2015)


Ainur
Valar
Lords:  Manwë · Ulmo · Aulë · Oromë · Mandos · Irmo · Tulkas
Queens:  Varda · Yavanna · Nienna · Estë · Vairë · Vána · Nessa
Rebel:  Melkor
Associated Maiar
Manwë Eönwë · Olórin (Gandalf) Varda Ilmarë · Olórin (Gandalf) · Arien
Aulë Mairon (Sauron) · Curumo (Saruman) Yavanna Aiwendil (Radagast)
Ulmo Ossë · Uinen · Salmar Estë Melian · Arien
Oromë Tilion · Blue Wizards Vána Melian · Arien
Other Maiar
Evil:  Sauron · Balrogs (Gothmog · Durin's Bane)
Wizards Saruman · Gandalf · Radagast · Blue Wizards
Topics
Music · Valarin · Almaren · Valinor · Valmar · Second Music