-wë (or -we) is a Quenya suffix used mainly in masculine names more usual in the First Age. It is translated as "man" or simply "person".
It was seen in names of the Elves of Cuiviénen and the Great March: Morwë, Nurwë, Ingwë, Finwë, Elwë, Olwë, Nowë, Lenwë; and Aranwë.
The ending was also seen in Manwë, and perhaps also in Eönwë.[source?] It could be that the ending also is found in the feminine name Elenwë.[source?]
Etymology[edit | edit source]
In the Etymologies, -we derives from the Primitive Quendian ending -wego (from root WEG).
In the later text "The Shibboleth of Fëanor", the ending derives from the stem EWE, which is also an ancient word for "person".
Cognates[edit | edit source]
The element is seen in names of Quenya form which in turn perhaps represents Common Eldarin. The name ending did not seem to survive in later generations or in other languages; an exception is the element -u seen only in the name Elu (from *Elwego) who was better known as Thingol in Sindarin. The Elf Nowë became better known as Círdan.[source?]
Olwë became Olue in Telerin. Lenwë was known as Denweg.[source?]
See also[edit | edit source]
- ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Peoples of Middle-earth, "XI. The Shibboleth of Fëanor", p. 340
- ↑ 2.0 2.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The War of the Jewels, "Part Four. Quendi and Eldar: Appendix D. *Kwen, Quenya, and the Elvish (especially Ñoldorin) words for 'Language': Note on the 'Language of the Valar'", p. 399
- ↑ 3.0 3.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Lost Road and Other Writings, Part Three: "The Etymologies", p. 398
- ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Peoples of Middle-earth, "XI. The Shibboleth of Fëanor", "The names of Finwë's descendants", p. 340