Houghton Mifflin Harcourt

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Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, until 2007 known as Houghton Mifflin Company, long held the rights for publishing works of J.R.R. Tolkien in the United States. Harper Collins (the European publisher) eventually acquired it.

In the late summer of 1965 Tolkien sent revisions of The Lord of the Rings to Houghton Mifflin in order to renew the legal copyright in the United States. The second edition was released in 1967.[1]

In 1987 the company was encouraged by Christopher Tolkien and Douglas A. Anderson to synchronise its standard (1966) edition of The Lord of the Rings with the standard British edition of Allen and Unwin, and incorporate additional corrections.[1]

After around 1994 the editions of The Lord of the Rings had some new errors introduced by the digitalization process by HarperCollins; some of them had been subsequently corrected, and published by HM in 2004.[1]

On 16 January 2001, Houghton Mifflin announced they had acquired rights to publish books based on The Lord of the Rings (film series). The company combined with parts of Harcourt Brace in 2007.

In 2021 HarperCollins purchased the trade book divisions of HMH (including the American Tolkien rights) and in 2022 the remainder of the company was purchased by Veritas Capital. New printings of hardcover and trade paperback editions of Tolkien works in America transitioned to William Morrow, an imprint of HarperCollins,in 2022.Some Houghton Mifflin copies remain on bookstore shelves until exhausted.

Publication history

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