Negation in Quenya

From Tolkien Gateway

Negation in Quenya is the title of an article by Bill Welden, published in Vinyar Tengwar 42 (2001; pp. 32-4).

Welden addresses the issue of how to express negation in Quenya by quoting from several unpublished manuscripts by J.R.R. Tolkien:

  • "Vocabulary list" - probably dating from around 1960.[1]
  • "List of roots and derivatives" - dated December 1959.[1] The complete manuscript was later published in Parma Eldalamberon 17 (2007) as "Eldarin Roots and Stems".[2]
  • "Late essay" - likely dating from ca. 1970.[1] Further quotes from this "late essay" appeared in Vinyar Tengwar 47 (2005; p. 30, note 44 and p. 37, note 58). Editor Patrick H. Wynne suggests that the essay was composed in "late 1966 or afterwards", by noting Tolkien's reference to a question from Plotz (while preparing an interview for Seventeen) dated November 1966.[3]


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Bill Welden, "Negation in Quenya", in Vinyar Tengwar, Number 42, July 2001
  2. J.R.R. Tolkien, "Words, Phrases and Passages in Various Tongues in The Lord of the Rings", in Parma Eldalamberon XVII (edited by Christopher Gilson), p. 145
  3. J.R.R. Tolkien, "Eldarin Hands, Fingers & Numerals and Related Writings — Part One" (edited by Patrick H. Wynne), in Vinyar Tengwar, Number 47, February 2005, pp. 30 (note 44), 37 (note 58)