Camels were animals native to the Southern lands, and thus appear illustrated on a map of Middle-earth.[note 1] Otherwise, these animals only appear in linguistic writings dating from the early versions of the legendarium.
Portrayal in adaptations
|Camels in adaptations|
1982-97: Middle-earth Role Playing:
- Camels, level 4 animals, are called devevi (sing. deve) in Apysaic (a language of south-western Endor). There are both one- and two-humped variants of the beast. Staibir is the name of a War Camel appearing in an adventure set in Southwestern Middle-earth.
1987-: Mithril Miniatures:
- A camel was released as part of the 32mm scale figure "Haradrian Champion on War Camel".
- Camels are used as mounts by the Mahud Raiders of the barren lands of the Nafarat.
- J.R.R. Tolkien, "Qenyaqetsa: The Qenya Phonology and Lexicon", in Parma Eldalamberon XII (edited by Carl F. Hostetter, Christopher Gilson, Arden R. Smith, and Patrick H. Wynne)
- J.R.R. Tolkien, "Early Qenya and The Valmaric Script", in Parma Eldalamberon XIV (edited by Carl F. Hostetter, Christopher Gilson, Arden R. Smith, Patrick H. Wynne, and Bill Welden), p. 27
- Ruth Sochard Pitt, Jeff O'Hare, Peter C. Fenlon, Jr. (1994), Creatures of Middle-earth (2nd edition) (#2012), "Riding and Draft Animals"
- Jessica Ney (ed.; 1990), Angus McBride's Characters of Middle-earth (#8007), pp. 26-7
- "MS468 Lord of the Rings 'Haradrian™ Champion on Warcamel' Fellowship 32mm Scale Figure", mithril.ie (accessed 3 May 2014)
- "Mahud Raider", games-workshop.com (accessed 3 May 2014)