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Tolkien himself used the term, and also referred to his "mythology" in the same sense. Expecting publication for The Lord of the Rings, and hoping that "The Silmarillion" would be published together, Tolkien envisioned his work (possibly including The Hobbit) as the "Saga of the Three Jewels and the Rings of Power".
The term of legendarium is not the same as "canon". The legendarium includes all Tolkien's corpus in its entirety, even mutually contradicting versions, both earlier and later stages of its conception.
Published works[edit | edit source]
Writings of the legendarium[edit | edit source]
- Books containing various texts and fragments
- Journals (mainly concerning Tolkien's linguistics)
Illustrations of the legendarium[edit | edit source]
- Pictures by J.R.R. Tolkien
- J.R.R. Tolkien: Artist and Illustrator
- The Art of The Hobbit
- The Art of The Lord of the Rings
- Tolkien: Maker of Middle-earth
Other sources[edit | edit source]
More of Tolkien's vision of his legendarium can be found in interviews conducted with him. Hints of lesser value (i.e., hard to verify the authenticity), may also be found in reminiscences. There is also much material on the topic that remains unpublished, including many letters not published in The Letters of J.R.R. Tolkien.
Scholarly bibliography[edit | edit source]
- Master of Middle-earth (1972) by Paul H. Kocher
- Tolkien and The Silmarillion (1976) by Clyde S. Kilby
- The Road to Middle-earth (1982) by Tom Shippey
- Tolkien's Legendarium: Essays on The History of Middle-earth (2000) edited by Verlyn Flieger and Carl F. Hostetter
- Tolkien and the Great War: The Threshold of Middle-earth (2003) by John Garth
- Interrupted Music: The Making of Tolkien's Mythology (2005) by Verlyn Flieger
[edit | edit source]
- J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien, Humphrey Carpenter (ed.), The Letters of J.R.R. Tolkien, pp. 149, 189, 197, 214
- J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien, Humphrey Carpenter (ed.), The Letters of J.R.R. Tolkien, pp. 26, 131, 231, 307
- J.R.R. Tolkien, "Words, Phrases and Passages in Various Tongues in The Lord of the Rings", in Parma Eldalamberon XVII (edited by Christopher Gilson), p. 135
- J.R.R. Tolkien, "Early Elvish Poetry and Pre-Fëanorian Alphabets", in Parma Eldalamberon XVI (edited by Christopher Gilson, Arden R. Smith, Patrick H. Wynne, Carl F. Hostetter and Bill Welden), pp. 88, 92
- J.R.R. Tolkien; Humphrey Carpenter, Christopher Tolkien (eds.), The Letters of J.R.R. Tolkien, Letter 125, (dated 10 March 1950), p. 138