Horsa

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Horsa
Angle
Biographical Information
PositionChieftain of the Anglo-Saxons
LocationHeligoland
Tol Eressëa (Taruithorn) (after the Faring Forth)
LanguageOld English
Birth5th century AD[1]
Heligoland[1]
Notable forInvasion of Tol Eressëa (i.e. England)
Family
ParentageEriol & Cwén
SiblingsHengest (brother)
Heorrenda & possibly HendwineNB (half-brothers)
Physical Description
GenderMale

Horsa was a son of Eriol, and one of the Mannish conquerors of Tol Eressëa following the Faring Forth, according to the early version of the legendarium in The Book of Lost Tales.[1]

History[edit]

Early history[edit]

Horsa was born during the 5th century AD in Heligoland, an island off the coast of the Great Lands, to Eriol and his wife Cwén.

While Horsa and his brother Hengest were still children, their mother died, and their father went to seek Tol Eressëa, the island of the Elves in the West.

After the brothers grew up, they sought vengeance on their uncle Beorn for the murder of their grandfather Eoh, and became great chieftains among their people.[1]

The Faring Forth[edit]

Following the Faring Forth, the disastrous attempt by the Elves of Tol Eressëa to save their kin in the Great Lands which resulted in their total defeat and eventual fading, evil Men invaded Tol Eressëa, now anchored near the coast of the Great Lands.[2][note 1][3]

However, some time after, Horsa, along with his brothers Hengest and Heorrenda, invaded Tol Eressëa, which in later days became known as England.[2] There, Horsa established himself at what was once the town of Taruithorn, which would later be known as Oxenaford (in Old English) and eventually as Oxford.[4]

Unlike all other Men that invaded the island, however, Horsa, and the other sons of Eriol, were friendly to the Elves, and it is through them that the English retain the "true tradition of the fairies".[2]

Etymology[edit]

The name Horsa is in Old English, meaning "horse".[5]

Genealogy[edit]

 
 
Wóden[1]
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Heden
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Tulkastor
 
 
 
Valwë
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Beorn
d. 5th century
 
Eoh
d. 5th century
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
unknown
sibling
 
Vairë
 
Lindo
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cwén
fl. 5th century
 
Eriol
fl. 5th century
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Naimi*
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Hengest
fl. 5th century
 
HORSA
fl. 5th century
 
Heorrenda
fl. 5th century
 
Hendwine*
fl. 5th century
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

* The name of Hendwine's mother is not Naimi but Nelmir in the text on which the basis of his inclusion is founded upon - neither is her relation to Lindo and Vairë elaborated on.[6]

Inspiration[edit]

The characters of Hengest and Horsa from The Book of Lost Tales were based on the legendary leaders of the Anglo-Saxon invasion of Britain in the 5th century AD.[1]

Notes

  1. According to one outline, in which it was Eriol himself who hastened the Faring Forth, Hengest and Horsa were said to have conquered the Guiðlin (i.e. Gaels), one of the peoples that invaded Tol Eressëa during the Faring Forth.

References