From Tolkien Gateway

pharaz is an Adûnaic word meaning "gold".[1][2][3]

Examples[edit | edit source]

Etymology[edit | edit source]

The similarity with the Khuzdul word baraz "red" has been noted; possibly pharaz represents an ancient Mannish loanword from the Dwarves.[4][5]


  1. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix E, "Pronunciation of Words and Names", "Consonants"
  2. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Sauron Defeated, "Part Three: The Drowning of Anadûnê: (vi) Lowdham's Report on the Adunaic Language: Declension of nouns", p. 426
  3. J.R.R. Tolkien, "Words, Phrases and Passages in Various Tongues in The Lord of the Rings", in Parma Eldalamberon XVII (edited by Christopher Gilson), p. 120
  4. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Peoples of Middle-earth, "Of Dwarves and Men"
  5. David Salo, "Another Khuzdul Loanword in Adunaic?", Elfling mailing list (accessed 29 November 2023)