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Blue Mountains

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{{location
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{{sources}}
| image=[[Image:Rob Alexander - Blue Mountain Dwarf Hold.jpg|250px]]
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{{location infobox
 
| name=Blue Mountains
 
| name=Blue Mountains
| othernames=[[Ered Luin]], [[Ered Lindon]]
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| image=[[File:Rob Alexander - Blue Mountain Dwarf Hold.jpg|250px]]  
| etymology=
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| caption="Blue Mountain Dwarf Hold" by Rob Alexander
| type=Mountain Range
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| pronun=
| location=Between [[Beleriand]] and [[Eriador]]
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| othernames=Ered Luin, Ered Lindon, Western Mountains, Mountains of Lune
| inhabitants=[[Dwarves]] ([[Broadbeams]], [[Firebeards]], and [[Longbeards]])
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| location=Between [[Ossiriand]]/[[Lindon]] and [[Eriador]]
| realms=[[Belegost]] and [[Nogrod]] and later realms of the Dwarves
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| type=Mountain range
| description=Great western mountain range
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| description=Boundary between [[Eriador]] and [[Lindon]] with [[Dwarf realms]]  
| events=[[War of Wrath]]
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| regions=
| references=''[[The Fellowship of the Ring]]'', ''[[Quest of Erebor]]'', ''[[The Silmarillion]]''
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| towns=[[Nogrod]]<br>[[Belegost]]<br>[[Thorin's Halls]]<br>Newer halls in the Southern chain
|}}
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| inhabitants=[[Broadbeams]]<br>[[Firebeards]]<br>Later [[Longbeards]]
The '''Blue Mountains''' ([[Sindarin|S.]] ''[[Ered]] [[Luin]]''), also known as the ''Ered Lindon'', was the mountain range at the far west of [[Eriador]].
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| created=
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| destroyed=
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| events=
 +
| gallery=the Blue Mountains
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}}
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The '''Blue Mountains''' ([[Sindarin|S.]] '''''Ered Luin'''''), also known as the '''''Ered Lindon''''', was the mountain range at the far west of [[Eriador]].
  
== In the Beginning ==
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== History ==
During the creation of [[Arda]], the Blue Mountains were meant to line up directly with the Grey Mountains of the southlands, forming the western wall of [[Arda]]. They lay parallel to the [[Red Mountains]] and [[Yellow Mountains]] that formed the eastern wall. The Blue Mountains were originally connected with the Red Mountains by the [[Iron Mountains]] which stretched across the entire north. The symmetry of Arda was broken during the wars between the [[Valar]] and [[Melkor]] in the ages before the [[Years of the Lamps]].
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=== Early history ===
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In the early days of [[Arda]] after the fall of the [[Two Lamps]], the Blue Mountains were formed as the [[Valar]] widened the [[Belegaer|Great Sea]] and thrust [[Middle-earth]] eastward to protect [[Valinor]].<ref>{{SM|5b}}, pp. 238-239</ref> The Blue Mountains lined up with the [[Grey Mountains (ancient)|Grey Mountains of the southlands]], forming the western wall of [[Arda]]. These two ranges lay parallel to the [[Orocarni|Red Mountains]] in the northeast and [[Yellow Mountains]] in the southeast that formed the eastern wall. At their northern end, a narrow gap separated the Blue Mountains from the [[Iron Mountains]], which stretched across the entire north of Middle-earth.<ref>{{SM|4a}}</ref>
  
== Before and During the First Age ==
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Sometime during the [[Years of the Trees]] two [[Fathers of the Dwarves|Dwarven Fathers]] awoke under [[Dolmed|Mount Dolmed]] and founded the two westernmost houses of the [[Dwarves]] (the [[Firebeards]] and [[Broadbeams]]). They subsequently built two great city-states, [[Nogrod]] and [[Belegost]].
In the [[First Age]], the Blue Mountains were an unbroken line separating Eriador from [[Beleriand]]. Seven rivers flowed from its western side, and the land these rivers flowed through was known as [[Ossiriand]]. Later, when the [[Green Elves]] settled there, the land was called [[Lindon]], and the mountains sometimes referred to as the ''Ered Lindon''.
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Two [[Dwarves|Dwarven]] Houses, the [[Firebeards]] and [[Broadbeams]], awoke under [[Mount Dolmed]], and built their great kingdoms [[Nogrod]] and [[Belegost]], respectively.
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In the [[First Age]], the Blue Mountains were an unbroken line separating Eriador from [[Beleriand]]. Seven rivers flowed from its western side, and the land these rivers flowed through was known as [[Ossiriand]]. Later, when the [[Green-elves]] settled there, the land was called [[Lindon]], and the mountains sometimes referred to as the ''Ered Lindon''.
 +
Wandering Elves would also hunt in the Blue Mountains.<ref>{{S|10}}</ref>
  
== The Second Age ==
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The Blue Mountains were ruined during the [[War of Wrath]] at the end of the First Age, and in the south central end of the range the sea broke through. The [[Lhûn|River Lhûn]] now flowed through the mountains to the [[Gulf of Lune]]. On the western side a small section of Lindon remained, and here the retreating [[Elves]] built the kingdom of [[Lindon]], ruled by [[Gil-galad|Ereinion Gil-galad]], last [[High King of the Noldor]].<ref>{{S|Rings}}</ref>
  
The Blue Mountains were ruined during the [[War of Wrath]], and at the middle of the range the sea broke through. The [[Lhûn|River Lhûn]] now flowed through the mountains to the [[Gulf of Lhûn]]. On the west side of the Blue Mountains a small section of Lindon remained, and here the retreating [[Elves]] built the [[Kingdom of Lindon]], ruled by [[Gil-galad|Ereinion Gil-galad]], last [[High King of the Noldor]]. Its most important city was the [[Grey Havens]], from where departing Elves left Middle-earth for [[Valinor]].  Also located here were the two regions of [[Forlindon]] to the North, with it's chief port being [[Forlond]]. And [[Harlindon]] to the South, which [[Harlond (Lindon)|Harlond]] was its chief port.
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The Dwarven cities of Nogrod and Belegost were also ruined when the mountains were broken, causing most of the Dwarves to migrate east to [[Moria|Khazad-dûm]], leaving a remnant behind. However, there remained some Dwarves on the eastern side of the Blue Mountains in days afterwards.<ref>{{UT|Concerning}}</ref>
  
The Dwarven cities of Nogrod and Belegost were also ruined when the Blue Mountains were broken. Nogrod in the South was completely destroyed and Belegost in the North was ruined. Most of the Dwarves migrated east to [[Khazad-dûm]].  However some remained to rebuild their ancestrial halls.  The Dwarves lived mainly in the Southern chain on the East side of the mountains.
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=== Third Age ===
  
== The Third Age ==
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By the Third Age, Dwarves dwelt in the east side of the Blue Mountains, especially in the parts south of the [[Gulf of Lhun]].<ref name="Eriador">{{App|Eriador}}</ref>
  
In the [[Third Age]] the '''Blue Mountains''' apparently saw the return of many of the Firebeards and Broadbeams due to the isolation/stagnation of Khazad Dûm, and later the awakening of [[Durin's Bane]].
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In {{TA|1974}}, fleeing the fall of [[Fornost Erain]], [[Arvedui]] briefly hid in old dwarven mines in the far north of the Blue Mountains.<ref name="Eriador">{{App|Eriador}}</ref>
It also became the new home for many of [[Durin's folk]] who were exiled from their halls in [[Erebor]] by [[Smaug]] the [[Dragons|Dragon]].  After the [[War of the Dwarves and Orcs]], King [[Thrain II]] established his throne in the Northern chain and later his son [[Thorin Oakenshield]] ruled after he went missing. During Thorin's reign many of the wandering folk of Durin joined him and they became prosperous in a fashion. However Erebor was retaken from Smaug by Thorin and company, and many if not most of Durin's folk relocated there.{{Pronounce|Ered Luin.mp3|Ardamir}}
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It also became the new home for many of [[Durin's Folk]] who were exiled from their halls in [[Lonely Mountain|Erebor]] by [[Smaug]] the [[Dragons|Dragon]] who had [[Sack of Erebor|driven them out]].  After the [[War of the Dwarves and Orcs]], King [[Thráin|Thráin II]] established his throne in the Southern range beyond [[the Shire]] ({{TA|2802}})<ref>{{App|TA}}</ref> and later his son [[Thorin]] ruled after he went missing. During Thorin's reign, many of the wandering Longbeards joined him in [[Thorin's Halls|his halls]] and they became prosperous in a fashion. However, Erebor was retaken from Smaug by Thorin and company in {{TA|2941}}, and it can be assumed most if not all of Durin's folk relocated there.
  
==See also==
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However the dwarf-mines remained active even by the [[Fourth Age]].<ref name="Eriador">{{App|Eriador}}</ref>
* [[:Category:Images of the Blue Mountains|Images of the Blue Mountains]]
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==Etymology and names==
 +
{{Pronounce|Ered Luin.mp3|Ardamir}}
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''Ered Luin'' is a [[Sindarin]] name, consisting of ''[[ered]]'' ("mountains") and ''[[luin]]'' ("blue").<ref>{{PE|17}}, p. 66</ref> Other names were '''Ered Lindon''' "Mountains of Lindon" and the [[Westron]] name '''Mountains of Lune'''.
  
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The ''[[Etymologies]]'' show [[Noldorin]] alternative names, ''Lhúnorodrim'' and ''Lhúndirien'' ("Blue Towers"), and also the Middle [[Quenya]] ''Lúnoronti'',<ref>{{LR|Etymologies}}, p. 370</ref> which is first used in a passage of the [[The Fall of Númenor#The further development of The Fall of Númenor|further development of The Fall of Númenor]].<ref>{{LR|P1II4}}, p. 30</ref>
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In [[Ælfwine]]'s [[Old English]] translations, the Blue Mountains are named ''Hǽwengebeorg''.<ref>{{SM|7An}}, p. 341</ref>
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In the Second Age the Men of Middle-earth called Ered Luin the '''Western Mountains'''.<ref>{{UT|4a}}</ref>
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==Portrayal in adaptations==
 +
 +
'''2006: ''[[The Lord of the Rings: The Battle for Middle-earth II]]'':'''
 +
:The Blue Mountains form the location of a fight between Dwarves and [[Drogoth]].
 +
 +
'''2007: ''[[The Lord of the Rings Online]]'':'''
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:The Blue Mountains appear as the game's westernmost region, Ered Luin. Ered Luin is the beginner's region for two of the game's races: Elves and Dwarves. The region's storyline is based around a conflict with a rogue clan of Dwarves called the Dourhands and a tribe of Goblins living in the winding valleys of a region called Rath Teraig. Ered Luin is home to the cities of Thorin's Hall and Duillond, but also contain smaller outposts such as Gondamon and Celondim. Ered Luin is also home to the hostile Dourhand cities of Kheledul and the excavation of a long-lost city named Sarnur.
 +
 +
'''2011: ''[[The Lord of the Rings: War in the North]]'':'''
 +
:Although the Blue Mountains do not appear in the game, they are mentioned by the Dwarf [[Grof]]. He tells the player that the Blue Mountains are prosperous, but that they lately find more iron than gold.<ref>[[The Lord of the Rings: War in the North]], ''Prologue''</ref>
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{{references}}
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[[Category:Beleriand]]
 
[[Category:Eriador]]
 
[[Category:Eriador]]
 
[[Category:Lindon]]
 
[[Category:Lindon]]
[[Category:Beleriand]]
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[[Category:Mountain ranges]]
[[Category:Mountain Ranges]]
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[[Category:Dwarven realms]]
  
 
[[de:Ered Luin]]
 
[[de:Ered Luin]]
 
[[fi:Sinivuoret]]
 
[[fi:Sinivuoret]]
 
[[fr:encyclo/geographie/reliefs/montagnes_bleues]]
 
[[fr:encyclo/geographie/reliefs/montagnes_bleues]]

Latest revision as of 00:57, 30 March 2021

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Blue Mountains
Mountain range
Rob Alexander - Blue Mountain Dwarf Hold.jpg
"Blue Mountain Dwarf Hold" by Rob Alexander
General Information
Other namesEred Luin, Ered Lindon, Western Mountains, Mountains of Lune
LocationBetween Ossiriand/Lindon and Eriador
TypeMountain range
DescriptionBoundary between Eriador and Lindon with Dwarf realms
Major townsNogrod
Belegost
Thorin's Halls
Newer halls in the Southern chain
InhabitantsBroadbeams
Firebeards
Later Longbeards
GalleryImages of the Blue Mountains

The Blue Mountains (S. Ered Luin), also known as the Ered Lindon, was the mountain range at the far west of Eriador.

Contents

[edit] History

[edit] Early history

In the early days of Arda after the fall of the Two Lamps, the Blue Mountains were formed as the Valar widened the Great Sea and thrust Middle-earth eastward to protect Valinor.[1] The Blue Mountains lined up with the Grey Mountains of the southlands, forming the western wall of Arda. These two ranges lay parallel to the Red Mountains in the northeast and Yellow Mountains in the southeast that formed the eastern wall. At their northern end, a narrow gap separated the Blue Mountains from the Iron Mountains, which stretched across the entire north of Middle-earth.[2]

Sometime during the Years of the Trees two Dwarven Fathers awoke under Mount Dolmed and founded the two westernmost houses of the Dwarves (the Firebeards and Broadbeams). They subsequently built two great city-states, Nogrod and Belegost.

In the First Age, the Blue Mountains were an unbroken line separating Eriador from Beleriand. Seven rivers flowed from its western side, and the land these rivers flowed through was known as Ossiriand. Later, when the Green-elves settled there, the land was called Lindon, and the mountains sometimes referred to as the Ered Lindon. Wandering Elves would also hunt in the Blue Mountains.[3]

The Blue Mountains were ruined during the War of Wrath at the end of the First Age, and in the south central end of the range the sea broke through. The River Lhûn now flowed through the mountains to the Gulf of Lune. On the western side a small section of Lindon remained, and here the retreating Elves built the kingdom of Lindon, ruled by Ereinion Gil-galad, last High King of the Noldor.[4]

The Dwarven cities of Nogrod and Belegost were also ruined when the mountains were broken, causing most of the Dwarves to migrate east to Khazad-dûm, leaving a remnant behind. However, there remained some Dwarves on the eastern side of the Blue Mountains in days afterwards.[5]

[edit] Third Age

By the Third Age, Dwarves dwelt in the east side of the Blue Mountains, especially in the parts south of the Gulf of Lhun.[6]

In T.A. 1974, fleeing the fall of Fornost Erain, Arvedui briefly hid in old dwarven mines in the far north of the Blue Mountains.[6]

It also became the new home for many of Durin's Folk who were exiled from their halls in Erebor by Smaug the Dragon who had driven them out. After the War of the Dwarves and Orcs, King Thráin II established his throne in the Southern range beyond the Shire (T.A. 2802)[7] and later his son Thorin ruled after he went missing. During Thorin's reign, many of the wandering Longbeards joined him in his halls and they became prosperous in a fashion. However, Erebor was retaken from Smaug by Thorin and company in T.A. 2941, and it can be assumed most if not all of Durin's folk relocated there.

However the dwarf-mines remained active even by the Fourth Age.[6]

[edit] Etymology and names

Ered Luin is a Sindarin name, consisting of ered ("mountains") and luin ("blue").[8] Other names were Ered Lindon "Mountains of Lindon" and the Westron name Mountains of Lune.

The Etymologies show Noldorin alternative names, Lhúnorodrim and Lhúndirien ("Blue Towers"), and also the Middle Quenya Lúnoronti,[9] which is first used in a passage of the further development of The Fall of Númenor.[10]

In Ælfwine's Old English translations, the Blue Mountains are named Hǽwengebeorg.[11]

In the Second Age the Men of Middle-earth called Ered Luin the Western Mountains.[12]

[edit] Portrayal in adaptations

2006: The Lord of the Rings: The Battle for Middle-earth II:

The Blue Mountains form the location of a fight between Dwarves and Drogoth.

2007: The Lord of the Rings Online:

The Blue Mountains appear as the game's westernmost region, Ered Luin. Ered Luin is the beginner's region for two of the game's races: Elves and Dwarves. The region's storyline is based around a conflict with a rogue clan of Dwarves called the Dourhands and a tribe of Goblins living in the winding valleys of a region called Rath Teraig. Ered Luin is home to the cities of Thorin's Hall and Duillond, but also contain smaller outposts such as Gondamon and Celondim. Ered Luin is also home to the hostile Dourhand cities of Kheledul and the excavation of a long-lost city named Sarnur.

2011: The Lord of the Rings: War in the North:

Although the Blue Mountains do not appear in the game, they are mentioned by the Dwarf Grof. He tells the player that the Blue Mountains are prosperous, but that they lately find more iron than gold.[13]

References

  1. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Shaping of Middle-earth, "V. The Ambarkanta: Of the Fashion of the World", pp. 238-239
  2. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Shaping of Middle-earth, "IV. The First 'Silmarillion' Map: [Introduction]"
  3. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Quenta Silmarillion: Of the Sindar"
  4. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Of the Rings of Power and the Third Age"
  5. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "The History of Galadriel and Celeborn", "Concerning Galadriel and Celeborn"
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix A, "The Númenorean Kings", "Eriador, Arnor, and the Heirs of Isildur"
  7. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix B, "The Third Age"
  8. J.R.R. Tolkien, "Words, Phrases and Passages in Various Tongues in The Lord of the Rings", in Parma Eldalamberon XVII (edited by Christopher Gilson), p. 66
  9. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Lost Road and Other Writings, Part Three: "The Etymologies", p. 370
  10. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Lost Road and Other Writings, "Part One: II. The Fall of Númenor, (iv) The further development of The Fall of Númenor", p. 30
  11. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Shaping of Middle-earth, "VII. The Earliest Annals of Beleriand: Appendix: Old English version of the Annals of Beleriand made by Ælfwine or Eriol. Notes", p. 341
  12. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "Aldarion and Erendis: The Mariner's Wife", "Notes"
  13. The Lord of the Rings: War in the North, Prologue