Kings of Durin's Folk
The Kings of Durin's Folk were those of the House of Durin who ruled as kings, even when in exile.
The kings were all descended from Durin the Deathless of the First Age; in fact, five of the kings after Durin I were held to be reincarnations of him by the Dwarves. No complete list of all kings is known. The table below shows the names of those Kings who have been recorded, or whose existence could be deduced. In the table all information was obtained from The Lord of the Rings, Appendix A, "Durin’s Folk" unless otherwise indicated. The "Realm(s)" column indicates which place or places the kings ruled from during their reigns.
|Durin I the Deathless||Before Y.T. 1250||Late First Age||Khazad-dûm||One of the seven Fathers of the Dwarves and founder of the Longbeards, Durin's Folk. He ruled his people for centuries - so long, in fact, that he became known as the 'Durin the Deathless' - but eventually he died during the First Age. He discovered the caves of Khazad-dûm and began his reign there.|
|Durin II||Unknown||Unknown||Khazad-dûm||Little is recorded about his reign, although there are indications that the Dwarves of Khazad-dûm were in a confederation with Men of the Vales of Anduin, where the Men provided food in return for Dwarven weapons and precious items.|
|Durin III||Unknown||Unknown||Khazad-dûm||He was the king of Khazad-dûm at the time of the forging of the Rings of Power (sometime between S.A. 1500 and 1590) and a great friend of Celebrimbor the Lord of Eregion to the west. He received one of the Rings (later known as the Ring of Thrór) as a gift from his friend.|
|Durin IV||Late Second Age||Likely early Third Age||Khazad-dûm||He was the king during the War of the Last Alliance, and he sent a great army to fight alongside the Last Alliance of Elves and Men.|
|Durin V||Unknown||Unknown||Khazad-dûm||With one of the seven Dwarven rings his kingdom prospered.|
|Durin VI||1731||1980 †||Khazad-dûm||He was king when the Balrog was awakened in 1980. After he was killed by it the Balrog was called Durin's Bane and Khazad-dûm was known as Moria.|
|Náin I||1832||1981 †||Khazad-dûm||He reigned for just one year before was also slain by Durin's Bane.|
|Thráin I||1934||2190||Erebor||He led a great part of his people away from Khazad-dûm into the north and east of Middle-earth and founded the Kingdom under the Mountain in 1999.|
|Thorin I||2035||2289||Erebor, Ered Mithrin||Learning that his people were regrouping in the Grey Mountains, Thorin I abandoned Erebor and reestablished the throne in the Ered Mithrin in 2210.|
|Glóin||2136||2385||Ered Mithrin||He expanded the mines of the Ered Mithrin, and further abandoned Erebor.|
|Óin||2238||2488||Ered Mithrin||Towards the very end of Óin's reign, in T.A. 2460, the Shadow returned to Dol Guldur in Mirkwood with increased strength; and in c. T.A. 2480 Orcs began to spread again in the Misty Mountains in order to block all passes into Eriador, whilst Sauron's creatures took Moria as their own.|
|Náin II||2338||2585||Ered Mithrin||In 2570, the prosperous Dwarves began to suffer attacks by the dragons of the north.|
|Dáin I||2440||2589 †||Ered Mithrin||His short reign came to a swift end when he was slain by a cold-drake before the entrance to his halls. He was succeeded by his son.|
|Thrór||2542||2790 †||Ered Mithrin, Erebor, exile, Dunland||He led his people out of the dragon-infested north back to the Lonely Mountain. He had been King under the Mountain for more than 180 years when the dragon Smaug descended on the mountain and sacked it. He escaped the destruction, and went wandering in the wild before settling in Dunland. Later, went to reclaim Khazad-dûm where he was murdered by Azog the Orc, a crime that provoked the War of the Dwarves and Orcs.|
|Thráin II||2644||2850 †||Dunland, Ered Luin||He avenged his father's death with the defeat of Azog's Orcs at the Battle of Azanulbizar. In the early part of his reign, he dwelt in Dunland, but he later moved northwest to the Ered Luin west of Eriador and established a new realm. Before his reign ended, he resolved to return to Erebor, but while wandering in the wild he was captured in 2845 and died in the dungeons of the Necromancer.|
|Thorin II Oakenshield||2746||2941 †||Ered Luin, Erebor||He ruled as King in the Ered Luin for many years, but like his father before him he determined to return to his ancient home of Erebor. Accompanied by Gandalf and Bilbo Baggins, he led a troop of companions into the east, and against all hope recovered the Lonely Mountain from Smaug. After Smaug's death, Thorin was slain in the Battle of Five Armies. The only remaining descendants of Thrór's line, Thorin's nephews Fíli and Kíli, were also lost in the battle. So the Kingship passed to the line of Thrór's younger brother Grór, and specifically to his grandson Dáin Ironfoot.|
|Dáin II Ironfoot||2767||3019 †||Erebor||He ruled in prosperity as King under the Mountain for many years until the time of the War of the Ring. He was slain in the Battle of Dale.|
|Thorin III Stonehelm||2866||Early Fourth Age||Erebor||In 2941, Dáin succeeded as King under the Mountain and King of Durin's Folk, and Thorin simultaneously became crown prince. Thorin himself succeeded to the kingships when his father was killed during the War of the Ring in T.A. 3019. Thorin III helped rebuild Erebor and Dale, and prospered. His realm became a close ally of the Reunited Kingdom of King Elessar. During his rule, Gimli led a number of Dwarves south to Aglarond, where a new lordship was established, most likely a colony of Durin's Folk under the vassalage of the King of Erebor.|
|Durin VII||Unknown||Unknown||Khazad-dûm||Was the direct descendant of King Thorin III Stonehelm (according to some sources, his son), ruler of Erebor and the Iron Hills in the Fourth Age. His birth was apparently prophesied upon the accession of Dáin II after the Battle of Five Armies (although no record exists of the actual prophecy itself). He led Durin's Folk back to recolonize Khazad-dûm (Moria) at some (unspecified) time after the beginning of the Fourth Age, where they remained "until the world grew old and the Dwarves failed and the days of Durin's race were ended".|
Durin I died before the end of the First Age, so that between his rule and that of Thorin III, the Kings of Durin's line ruled for a period of about 6,500 years. Given that the average length of a reign among the Longbeards seems to have been roughly a century, it can be deduced that there were probably about fifty Kings that have went unmentioned.
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix A, "Durin's Folk"
- ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The War of the Jewels, "The Grey Annals": §19
- ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix B, "The Second Age"
- ↑ 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix B, "The Third Age"
- ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Peoples of Middle-earth, "The Making of Appendix A": (iv) "Durin's Folk"
- ↑ The Peoples of Middle-earth: "The Making of Appendix A", '(iv) Durin's Folk', p. 279.
- ↑ The Peoples of Middle-earth: "The Making of Appendix A", '(iv) Durin's Folk', p. 383.
- ↑ The Peoples of Middle-earth: "The Making of Appendix A", '(iv) Durin's Folk', p. 278.
|Kings of Durin's Folk|
|Durin I* (First Age) · Durin II* · Durin III* (mid-Second Age) · Durin IV* · Durin V* · Durin VI* (until T.A. 1980) · Náin I* (1980 - 1981) · Thráin I† (1981 - 2190) · Thorin I† (2190 - 2289) · Glóin (2289 - 2385) · Óin (2385 - 2488) · Náin II (2488 - 2585) · Dáin I (2585 - 2589) · Thrór† (2585 - 2790) · Thráin II (2790 - 2850) · Thorin II Oakenshield† (2850 - 2941) · Dáin II Ironfoot† (2941 - 3019) · Thorin III Stonehelm† (T.A. 3019 - Fourth Age) · Durin VII*|
|* Kings of Khazad-dûm · † Kings under the Mountain|