|Map of eastern Gondor, by Mark Fisher|
|Location||Southern Gondor, south-west of Minas Tirith|
|Description||Fertile region known for growth of flowers and trees|
|Gallery||Images of Lossarnach|
Lossarnach was located near the sources of the rivers Sirith and Erui in the north-east[note 1] of Lebennin south of the eastern end of the White Mountains. The name Lossarnach or Arnach referred to the valleys in the south of the White Mountains and to their foothills beetween the rivers Celos and Erui. Many flowers grew in its upper valleys. Below is upper valleys were great orchards of fruit trees, which supplied much of the fruit that was required in Minas Tirith. People from Minas Tirith often made trips to Lossarnach to look at the flowers and the blossoms of the fruit trees.
During the War of the Ring before the Siege of Minas Tirith, the elderly and most of the women and children were sent to Tumladen and Lossarnach to seek refuge. The lord of Lossarnach, old Forlong the Fat, led two hundred men to aid in the defence Minas Tirith. Forlong was killed in the Battle of the Pelennor Fields, but many of his men survived and accompanied Aragorn Elessar on his way to the Black Gate, even though most of them were farmers. It is possible that the mountain-vales, where the ancestors of Beregond came from, were located in Lossarnach.
Lossarnach is a mixed Sindarin and Pre-Númenórean name. It means "flowery Arnach". The second element, Arnach is a Pre-Númenórean name whose origin is forgotten. It is unclear why loss, the Sindarin word for "snow", was prefixed to Arnach. It is probable that loss referred to the blossoms of the fruit trees. The words for flower, loth, and for snow, loss are very similar in Sindarin. The Númenórean settlers, mariners, soldiers and other emigrants, who gave names to the places in Gondor in the Second Age, did not know Sindarin well. As a consequence, it is possible that they confused the Sindarin word for flowers with the Sindarin word for snow.
Portrayal in adaptations
2015: The Lord of the Rings Online:
- Lossarnach was an area in the region of Eastern Gondor. It was across the river Erui from Upper Lebennin to the west and across the river Anduin from South Ithilien to the east. The Rammas Echor divided it from the Pelennor to the north-east. Settlements in Lossarnach included the capital city of Arnach, Imloth Melui, Harlond, and "Ost Norhir", though the latter two have fallen to the Morgul-host. The emblem of Lossarnach was three red roses on a white field. Baranor, Captain of the Guard of Arnach, and the Lady Vanyalos, sister of Denethor and wife of Forlong, were in charge of the land when Forlong went to Minas Tirith.
- The entry for Lossarnach in J.R.R. Tolkien's Unfinished index for The Lord of the Rings mentions it as "the region of NW [north-west] Lebennin", but it is located in the north-east of Lebennin on the maps and Christopher Tolkien mentions in the entry for Lossarnach in his index for Unfinished Tales of Númenor and Middle-earth that it is "in the north-east of Lebennin".
- J.R.R. Tolkien, "Unfinished index for The Lord of the Rings", in Wayne G. Hammond and Christina Scull (eds), The Lord of the Rings: A Reader's Companion, entry Lossarnach, p. 513
- J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, The Return of the King, "Map of Rohan, Gondor, and Mordor"
- J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, Index, entry Lossarnach
- J.R.R. Tolkien, "The Rivers and Beacon-hills of Gondor" (edited by Carl F. Hostetter), in Vinyar Tengwar, Number 42, July 2001, p. 17
- J.R.R. Tolkien, "The Rivers and Beacon-hills of Gondor" (edited by Carl F. Hostetter), in Vinyar Tengwar, Number 42, July 2001, p. 18
- J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, The Return of the King, "Minas Tirith", p. 764
- J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, The Return of the King, "Minas Tirith", p. 770
- J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, The Return of the King, "The Battle of the Pelennor Fields", p. 846
- J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, The Return of the King, "The Black Gate Opens", p. 886
- J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, The Return of the King, "Minas Tirith", pp. 760
- J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, The Return of the King, "The Houses of Healing", p. 866
- J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix A, "The House of Eorl", "The Kings of the Mark", Second Line, entry 16. Thengel
- J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "The Disaster of the Gladden Fields", "Appendix: Númenórean Linear Measures", note to Morwen, Thengel's wife
- J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix F, "The Languages and Peoples of the Third Age", "Of Men", p. 1129
- Christina Scull and Wayne G. Hammond (2006), The J.R.R. Tolkien Companion and Guide: I. Chronology, p. 462