Ogres were monstrous and destructive creatures of legend and folklore of Middle-earth, although it cannot be said if they indeed existed.
During the Riddle-game with Gollum, Bilbo Baggins, in his attempt to solve Gollum's fifth riddle, sat thinking of all the horrible names of all the giants and ogres he had ever heard told of in tales.
No ogre is ever mentioned in the annals of the Elder Days and none played any role in the wars and battles. It is entirely possible that they were a mythical race.
Ogre derives, through French, from the Greco-Latin name Orcus. It is interesting to note that Orcus is supposedly the origin also for the Old English word Orc, although Tolkien doubted that etymology.
 Other versions of the legendarium
They are mentioned as cannibal giants. Those of the north were known as Hongwir while the southern ones were named Sarqindi. Sarqindi is glossed as "Cannibal-ogres", and Patrick H. Wynne and Christopher Gilson have suggested that hongwir might be related to the Qenya word ongwe (meaning "pain").
Tolkien mentioned again ogres out of context in analyses of the name Orc: "...the gloss Þyrs 'ogre'..." , and of the name Ettendales: "This is meant to be a Common Speech (not Elvish) name, though it contains an obsolete element eten 'troll, ogre'."
In his childhood, Tolkien and his brother Hilary gave a miller and a farmer, who frightened the boys and lived near the Sarehole Mill in the Moseley area of Birmingham, the nicknames "White Ogre" and "Black Ogre", respectively. These characters also appear in stories written by Hilary Tolkien.
Tolkien enjoyed reading E.A. Wyke-Smith's The Marvellous Land of Snergs (1927) to his children. The book recounts the adventures of two children and a Snerg ("a race of people only slightly taller than the average table"), and their tale include meeting the vegetarian ogre Golithos.
 Portrayal in adaptations
2007-: The Lord of the Rings Online:
- Ogres, also known as the Jorthkyn, are unfriendly Earth-kin, related to Giants. They are predominantly found in Nan Amlug East in the North Downs.
- Ogres served in Azog's Army as both shock troops and Troll commanders. One commanded a team of catapult Trolls. Several Ogres fought in Dale, and two are killed by Bard.
- ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien, The Hobbit, "Riddles in the Dark"
- ↑ 2.0 2.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, "Nomenclature of The Lord of the Rings" in Wayne G. Hammond and Christina Scull (eds), The Lord of the Rings: A Reader's Companion, pp. 762, 770
- ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien, "Letter to Gene Wolfe" (letter)
- ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Book of Lost Tales Part One
- ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien, "Early Qenya and The Valmaric Script", in Parma Eldalamberon XIV (edited by Carl F. Hostetter, Christopher Gilson, Arden R. Smith, Patrick H. Wynne, and Bill Welden), "The Creatures of the Earth", p. 9
- ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Book of Lost Tales Part Two, "Appendix: Names in the Lost Tales – Part II", p. 347
- ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien, "Early Qenya and The Valmaric Script", in Parma Eldalamberon XIV (edited by Carl F. Hostetter, Christopher Gilson, Arden R. Smith, Patrick H. Wynne, and Bill Welden), p. 6
- ↑ Humphrey Carpenter, J.R.R. Tolkien: A Biography
- ↑ Hilary Tolkien; Angela Gardner (ed), Black & White Ogre Country: The Lost Tales of Hilary Tolkien
- ↑ Douglas A. Anderson (ed.), Tales Before Tolkien: The Roots of Modern Fantasy, pp. 359-60
- ↑ Ogres at Lotro-wiki.com (accessed 20 November 2010)
- ↑ The Hobbit: The Battle of the Five Armies: Visual Companion
|Legendary Races of Arda|
|Animals:||Dumbledors · Gorcrows · Hummerhorns · Pards · Swans of Gorbelgod · Turtle-fish|
|Dragon-kind:||Great glow-worms · Sea-serpents · Spark-dragons · Were-worms|
|Evil Races:||Giants · Gongs · Half-trolls · Hobgoblins · Ogres · Snow-trolls · Two-headed Trolls|
|Fairies:||Dryads · Mermaids · Sprites · Sylphs · White cow|
|Other:||Badger-folk · Great beasts · Lintips · Mewlips · Nameless Things · Spectres|
|Individuals:||The Hunter · Lonely Troll · Man in the Moon · The Rider · River-woman · Tarlang · Tim|