Mount Gram

From Tolkien Gateway
Mount Gram
"Mount Gram" by Rob Alexander
General Information
LocationPossibly the Misty Mountains[1] or Ettenmoors[2]
GalleryImages of Mount Gram

Mount Gram was a mountain inhabited by Orcs.


Mount Gram was inhabited by Orcs led by their King Golfimbul. In T.A. 2747 they attacked much of northern Eriador, but were defeated in the Battle of Greenfields.[3]


The location of Mount Gram has never been established and the mountain could have been anywhere within the northern Eriador region.

The Tale of Years mentions that in T.A. 2740 "Orcs renew their invasions of Eriador", obviously referring to those of the Misty Mountains, mentioned in the immediate previous entries.[4] "The Goblins of Mount Gram" who invaded the Shire in 2747 obviously were a subsequent wave of them.

This must be the reason why Robert Foster considers Gram to have been one of the Misty Mountains, although he does not cite a specific source or reason to do so.[1]

On the other hand, Karen Wynn Fonstad (also without explanation) placed it on a promontory in the Ettenmoors.[2]

John D. Rateliff considers the Norse name of the mountain (representing Northern Mannish) and locates it north-eastern of the Shire, suggesting that it refers to the Misty Mountains: "particularly associated with the goblins throughout the Hobbit, also seem to be the mountains closest to Bilbo's home". He also considers the possibility that it is another name for Mount Gundabad.[5]

Other versions of the legendarium

In the earliest writings of The Hobbit, Mount Gram was merely "Gram Hill".[6]

Etymology and inspiration

Gram in Old English means "fierce, grim" but it is not certain that the name was intended as Old English.

There is a Mount Gram in Albania.

Portrayal in adaptations

1988: J.R.R. Tolkien's War in Middle Earth:

Mount Gram is located North of the Ettenmoors, West of the Misty Mountains, South-west of Mount Gundabad, and just South of the Mountains of Angmar.

2011: The Lord of the Rings: War in the North:

Tharzog is the chieftain of the Orcs of Mount Gram.[7]