|Location||South and west Gondor|
|Description||Coastlands south of the White Mountains|
These seaboard lands along the Bay of Belfalas provided much of Minas Tirith's needs: fish from the Ethir, flowers from Lossarnach, and at earlier times, stone from Anórien. The fiefs also provided skilled soldiers.
In T.A. 2758, when Gondor and Rohan were plagued by the Long Winter, three great fleets sailed from Umbar and Harad and raided and landed on the Gondorian coasts, as north as the mouth of Isen. Travelling up Lefnui and Isen they even attacked Rohan. Before the spring of 2759, Beregond overcame the invaders.
By the late Third Age, most regions of Gondor were either deserted or overrun and only the Southern Fiefs remained. During the War of the Ring, the Outlands are under attack from the south by a large army of Corsairs from Umbar, allies of Mordor, and they sent small reinforcements to Minas Tirith.
The Southern Fiefs were:
- Ethir Anduin
- Anfalas and the Green Hills
- Blackroot Vale
- Ringló Vale
A fief is, in feudalism, a piece of inheritable land given to a vassal. The vassal returned this gift with (military) allegiance and/or revenue.
- J.R.R. Tolkien, "Nomenclature of The Lord of the Rings" in Wayne G. Hammond and Christina Scull (eds), The Lord of the Rings: A Reader's Companion, entry Sunlending, p. 776
- J.R.R. Tolkien, "Unfinished index for The Lord of the Rings", in Wayne G. Hammond and Christina Scull (eds), The Lord of the Rings: A Reader's Companion, entry Outlands, p. 523
- J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix A, "The Númenorean Kings", "Gondor and the Heirs of Anárion"
- J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix A, "The Númenorean Kings", "Gondor and the Heirs of Anárion", "The Stewards"
- J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix A, "The House of Eorl"
- J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, The Return of the King, "Minas Tirith"