Tolkien Gateway

Turgon

(Redirected from Turgon of Gondolin)
"...It is a long tale..." — Aragorn
This article or section needs expansion and/or modification. Please help the wiki by expanding it.
This article is about the Lord of Gondolin. For the the Steward of Gondor, see Turgon (Steward of Gondor).
Turgon
Noldo
Antti Autio - Turgon Aran Gondolin.jpg
"Turgon Aran Gondolin" by Antti Autio
Biographical Information
PronunciationS, [ˈtʊrɡɔn]
Other namesTurukáno (Q)
TitlesHigh King of the Noldor,
King of Gondolin
LocationGondolin
LanguageQuenya, Sindarin
BirthY.T. 1300
RuleF.A. 472 - 510 (High King)
F.A. 116 - 510 (Gondolin)
DeathF.A. 510 (aged 2,426[note 1])
Fall of Gondolin
Family
HouseHouse of Fingolfin
House of the King
ParentageFingolfin and Anairë
SiblingsFingon, Aredhel and Argon
SpouseElenwë
ChildrenIdril Celebrindal
Physical Description
GenderMale
HeightTaller than all but Thingol[1]
WeaponryGlamdring
GalleryImages of Turgon
"But I Turgon will not leave my city, and will burn with it."
The Book of Lost Tales Part Two, "The Fall of Gondolin"

Turgon was an Elven king of the Noldor, second son of Fingolfin, brother to Fingon, Aredhel and Argon. He was lord of the Elves of Nevrast, and later of the hidden city of Gondolin.

He is described as tall, wearing white with a gold belt and a crown of garnets, holding the Staff of Doom in his hand. He was often called "the Wise".

Contents

[edit] History

Turukáno and Elenwe by Marya Filatova
Glamdring by Audrey Corman

Although Turgon was originally against the departure of the Noldor from Aman, he eventually did set out on the journey. After Fëanor and his sons departed using the only ships, he took his people across the dangerous Helcaraxë with his father Fingolfin. He lost his wife Elenwë in the crossing and settled at Vinyamar in Nevrast.

When he journeyed with his cousin Finrod Felagund along Sirion, Ulmo sent both of them a dream to look for a hidden place where they could be safe from the power of Morgoth. Then in the following year Ulmo appeared directly to Turgon and guided him to the vale of Tumladen in the Encircling Mountains. Initially, Turgon left Tumladen and returned to Vinyamar, keeping his discovery a secret for many years. After the Dagor Aglareb, Turgon began once again to feel the restlessness set in his heart by Ulmo, and his thought turned to Tumladen. He secretly moved many of the most skilled Noldor to the valley, and had them build Gondolin. When it was completed, he abandoned Vinyamar with his people and led them to Tumladen in secret, hidden by the power of Ulmo. Before leaving, however, and following Ulmo's prophecy, he left in Vinyamar a sword, mail and helm for one who would come in the hour of direst need of the Noldor and deliver hope.[2]

In Gondolin, Turgon ruled with the Staff of Doom in his right hand, and a coronet of garnets upon his head. At his side was Glamdring.[3]

Turgon and his people remained isolated in Gondolin for many years with his daughter Idril, who married Tuor after the man found the secret way and discovered the city.

Turgon reemerged with his host during the Nirnaeth Arnoediad, and although the battle was still lost, his intervention prevented the rout from completely destroying the armies of the Noldor and their allies. He was killed at Gondolin's fall, when his tower fell down over his head.

[edit] Genealogy

Míriel
d. Y.T. 1170
 
Finwë
d. Y.T. 1495
 
Indis
b. Y.T.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Fëanor
Y.T. 1169 - 1497
 
Findis
b. Y.T.
 
Fingolfin
Y.T. 1190 - F.A. 456
 
Anairë
b. Y.T.
 
Írimë
b. Y.T.
 
Finarfin
b. Y.T. 1230
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Fingon
d. F.A. 472
 
TURGON
Y.T. 1300 - F.A. 510
 
Elenwë
d. Y.T. 1500
 
Aredhel
Y.T. 1362 - F.A. 400
 
Eöl
d. F.A. 400
 
Argon
d. F.A. 1
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Tuor
b. F.A. 472
 
Idril
b. Y.T.
 
 
 
 
 
Maeglin
F.A. 320 - 510
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Eärendil
b. F.A. 503
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

[edit] Etymology

Turgon is Sindarin, meaning "Ruling Lord" or "Victory Prince",[4] probably a combination of tur ("master")[5] and -gon ("lord, prince").[6]

However, in The Shibboleth of Fëanor, Tolkien translated Turgon as "Master Shout". There it is explained that the name is the Sindarised version of his Quenya father-name, Turukáno,[6] clearly meaning "Victory Commander".[7]

Notes

  1. Years of the Sun. Each Year of the Tree is equal to 9.582 Years of the Sun, and the Years of the Trees ended in the year 1500. So, 510 + 9.582 x 200 = 2,426.

References

  1. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "Of Tuor and his Coming to Gondolin"
  2. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Quenta Silmarillion: Of the Noldor in Beleriand"
  3. In The Hobbit, "A Short Rest", Elrond explained that it once belonged to the King of Gondolin
  4. J.R.R. Tolkien, "Words, Phrases and Passages in Various Tongues in The Lord of the Rings: Eldarin Roots and Stems", in Parma Eldalamberon XVII (edited by Christopher Gilson), p. 113
  5. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Appendix: Elements in Quenya and Sindarin Names", entry tur
  6. 6.0 6.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Peoples of Middle-earth, "The Shibboleth of Fëanor", "The names of Finwë's descendants", p. 345
  7. Paul Strack, "Q. Turucáno m.", Eldamo - An Elvish Lexicon (accessed 2 June 2020)
Turgon
House of Fingolfin
Born: Y.T. 1300 Died: F.A. 510
None
Position created
King of Gondolin
F.A. 116 - F.A. 510
None
Gondolin destroyed
Preceded by:
Fingon
High King of the Noldor
F.A. 472F.A. 510
Followed by:
Gil-galad