|"Eorl the Young at Celebrant" by Jan Pospíšil|
|Other names||the Young|
|Titles||Lord of the Éothéod|
King of Rohan
|Affiliation||Oath of Eorl|
|Language||Rohanese and Westron|
|Birth||T.A. 2485 |
|Rule||T.A. 2501 - T.A. 2510 (Lord)|
T.A. 2510 - T.A. 2545 (King)
|Death||T.A. 2545 (aged 60)|
|House||founded the House of Eorl|
|Gallery||Images of Eorl|
Eorl the Young (Third Age 2485 – 2545, aged 60 years) was the son of Léod of the Éothéod, and founder of Rohan.
When Eorl was only 16 years old, his father was killed while trying to tame the horse Felaróf, making Eorl Lord of the Éothéod at that young age. Young Eorl swore to avenge his father and managed to tame the horse. He "doomed" the horse to carry him for the rest of their lives, and the horse seemingly accepted this burden.
In T.A. 2510, Borondir Udalraph came to the north seeking aid, as the South-kingdom was attacked by the Orcs and the Balchoth. On April 15th, Eorl came to the Field of Celebrant, and joined the battle. For his service to Gondor, he was granted Calenardhon to dwell in. As a return, Eorl and his descendants would have to come to the aid of Gondor when they requested; this was known as the Oath of Eorl.
Eorl ruled from a green hill under the White Mountains.
Even in his older years Eorl never lost his yellow hair. He died in battle against the Easterlings in T.A. 2545. He was buried in the first royal mound, and Felaróf was buried with him.
Eorl was the founder of Rohan, its first King, the ancestor of the House of Eorl and all the Kings of Rohan. His horse Felaróf was the first of the Mearas.
Eorl was known as "the Young" because he became Lord of the Éothéod at the age of 16 and because he never lost his yellow hair.
His Oath would be answered at least thrice: once by Folcred and Fastred, once by Théoden Ednew and by Éomer.
The word Eorl is an Old English translation of genuine Rohanese þuron, which has perhaps influence from Elvish root TUR.
Eorl is an Old English word that can be roughly translated as "one of the nobility, earl". It was the highest of the ranks in North Germanic culture, not introduced to Britain until the late 9th century. The title was known as jarl in Old Norse, and because of that, the Þórsteinn Thorarensen used this throughout his Icelandic translation of The Lord of the Rings, along with Hjálmur, Þengill, Þjódan and Jómar. Compare Ceorl, the second rank.
fl. c. T.A. 2000
2459 - 2501†
2485 - 2545†
2512 - 2570
2544 - 2645
Portrayal in adaptations
|Eorl in adaptations|
2020: The Lord of the Rings Online:
- Eorl appears in a series of flashbacks narrating the history of the Eotheod. Additionally, he is depicted on tapestries found throughout Rohan. A statue of Eorl and Cirion is erected near the site of their first meeting.
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix A, "The House of Eorl"
- ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "Cirion and Eorl and the Friendship of Gondor and Rohan"
- ↑ 3.0 3.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix A, "The House of Eorl", "The Kings of the Mark"
- ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien, "The Feanorian Alphabet, Part 1 & Quenya Verb Structure", in Parma Eldalamberon XXII (edited by Christopher Gilson and Arden R. Smith), p. 159, where Tolkien gives þorunahim as the genuine form of Eorlingas
- ↑ Jarl in Sweden at Wikipedia
- ↑ Vinyar Tengwar, Number 42, July 2001, Arden R. Smith, Transitions in Translations: Upphaflega íslensk heiti, pages 35-37
House of Eorl
|Lord of the Éothéod|
T.A. 2501 – 2510
Himself as King
|None||1st King of Rohan|
T.A. 2510 – 2545
|Kings of Rohan|
|First Line:||Eorl the Young (T.A. 2510 - 2545) · Brego (2545 - 2570) · Aldor the Old (2570 - 2645) · Fréa (2645 - 2659) · Fréawine (2659 - 2680) · Goldwine (2680 - 2699) · Déor (2699 - 2718) · Gram (2718 - 2741) · Helm Hammerhand (2741 - 2759)|
|Second Line:||Fréaláf Hildeson (2759 - 2798) · Brytta Léofa (2798 - 2842) · Walda (2842 - 2851) · Folca the Hunter (2851 - 2864) · Folcwine (2864 - 2903) · Fengel (2903 - 2953) · Thengel (2953 - 2980) · Théoden Ednew (2980 - 3019)|
|Third Line:||Éomer Éadig (T.A. 3019 - Fo.A. 63) · Elfwine the Fair (63 - unknown)|